Deadline: 2019-10-14 Award: $18,000 Open to: Everyone*
The oil and gas industry requires specialized materials and equipment for oil and gas production from deep underground reservoirs. In particular, the tubing carrying the oil and gas are subject to aggressive environmental conditions from both chemical and physical agents. Together with hydrocarbons production the stream may contain hydrogen sulfide (H2S), carbon dioxide (CO2), and solid particles, and are often under conditions of high pressure, high temperature, and high flow rate. These conditions lead to erosion and corrosion of the inside of the production tubing which results in weakening of the tubes. When combined with simultaneous tensile stresses from the tubing’s own weight it leads to eventual tubing failure.