At university I designed and built an experiment which allowed sophisticated investigations into the Mossbauer effect. I became a product designer for flash lamp applications which included coatings removal, surface cleaning, bulk material property modification and finally dermatologic applications involving leg vein treatments and hair removal. Later in my career I developed applications of pulse electric power to aircraft in-flight ice management (de-icing and anti-icing) and tested these concepts in a ice and wind tunnel. The most significant innovation I have developed had only a tenuous connection to aerospace, but involves a new and novel use of effusivity engineering to control the temperature of conductors which are heated internally. The latter has many possible implications for power conductors. I am credited as an inventor on eight issued patents (U.S.) and three current and published U.S. patent applications.