Seismic, Pressure And Heat Resistant Wall
The invention is a new building structure which provides superior rigidity and radiation protection and which can be assembled without mortar and easily disassembled if required.
While the invention is described in terms of a wall, it could be used with any structure that is commonly built of brick. The bricks of the invention are designed to be used to build structures in which the bricks are firmly held in place such as walls and barricades. In addition, the bricks can be used to construct vehicle and ship armor. Essentially, the bricks of the invention are characterized by superior rigidity, flexibility and insulation characteristics necessary to withstand hurricanes, typhoons, tornadoes, earthquakes, fires, crashes, weapon projectiles, dynamite attacks, heat and cold, noise, and radiation.
The brick of the invention has the standard dimensions of ordinary brick, although other dimensions could be used. Each brick of the invention has a core of tough material like - but not limited to - metal. While the preferred material of the core is non-magnetic (austenitic grade) stainless steel, other materials could be substituted. The inner core is surrounded with an outer covering which is made from a resilient material such as - but not limited to - silicone. The silicone will provide the walls or other structures with flexibility, fire resistance, and both thermal and sound insulation.
Each brick of the invention has an imaginary center line which separates the brick into equal halves. Each half of the brick has four apertures which extend through the brick. The apertures are separated from adjacent apertures by a distance d, and the apertures are spaced from the edges of the brick by a distance d/2, which is half the distance d. This pattern guarantees that never fewer than four apertures overlap four apertures in an adjacent brick.
All apertures are threaded as they extend through the core of tough material. This will allow fasteners to be inserted from opposite ends. A bottom beam is used to attach the bricks to the top of a foundation or other supporting structure. The bottom beam can be made in length that extends the length of the foundation. Also, the bottom beam will extend far enough beyond the bricks to receive conventional anchor bolts placed in the foundation which will secure the bottom beam to the foundation.
Starting from the bottom beam of the invention, bricks are placed onto one another, thereby interlocking with one another. Even though this is a conventional way to build a wall, the conventional bricks would be secured with mortar. However, the bricks of the present invention are secured by a threaded fastener which is threaded into aligned apertures in the bricks. This way, the fasteners would attach the bottom row of bricks both to a bottom beam and to one another.
A spring can be inserted between adjacent threaded fasteners to maintain tension between the threaded fasteners and prevent bolts from accidentally loosening. In addition, self retaining bolts, such as the bolt in U.S. Patent 5,947,668 can be used. Also, a structure similar to the bottom beam will be used to cap the top of the wall. That is, a top beam will be secured to the top row of bricks in the same manner the bottom beam is secured to the bottom row of bricks.
A modification of the invention eliminates the need to thread the apertures. In this case, an insert is fitted into the the unthreaded apertures to receive the threaded fasteners. The insert has internal threads to receive the threaded fasteners, and protrusions spaced around the periphery of the insert. The protrusions will engage the modified apertures with a tight friction fit to secure the insert firmly in the apertures. Any number of protrusions can be used.
Another modification can be used to help support the wall. In this case a vertical side support is attached to the side of the rows of bricks. The side support is an integral part of the side beam. Seems between adjacent bricks can be sealed with silicone paste.
Also, variations of the wall can be used as a radiation shield by making the core from (preferably) lead reinforced with the inserts containing threads for the fasteners (described above); or as vehicle and ship armor by, preferably, making use of small-sized bricks of the invention.
For further detail of the invention as well as drawings, please refer to my website (which will be up-dated):
Currently, the invention has U.S. and International Patent Pending status, and is expected to have full Patent status within a short period of time.
This invention is expected to set higher building standards world-wide and to deal with seismic-, storm-safe and terror-proof
housing on a world-wide scale.
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