Method for Providing a Crystalline Germanium Layer on a Substrate
The present invention provides a method for providing a crystalline germanium layer on a crystalline base substrate having a crystalline surface. The method comprises cleaning the base substrate for removing contaminants and/or native oxides from the surface, providing an amorphous germanium layer on the surface of the base substrate while exposing to the base substrate to a hydrogen source such as e.g. a hydrogen plasma, a H2 flux or hydrogen originating from dissociation of GeH4 and/or to a non-reactive gas source such as N2, He, Ne, Ar, Kr, Xe, Rn or mixtures thereof, and crystallising the amorphous germanium layer by annealing the base substrate so as to provide a crystalline germanium layer. The present invention also provides a method for the production of a photovoltaic cell or a photo-electrolysis cell or for forming a CMOS device by using the method according to embodiments of the invention and a substrate comprising a crystalline germanium layer formed by a method according to embodiments of the invention.
LIETEN RUBEN [BE]; DEGROOTE STEFAN [BE]
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