Reagents and Methods for Pcr
Modified double-stranded oligonucleotides that have terminal regions on each of their strands, that have a hybrid length of 6-50 nucleotides long, that have a melting temperature Tm of at least 32 DEG C, and that include 2-4 modifying groups, each covalently attached to a different terminal region, preferably to a terminal nucleotide, said modifying groups being polycyclic substituents that do not have bulky portions that are non-planar, said modified olgonucleotide being capable of binding to the 5' exonuclease domains of DNA polymerases and, when included in a PCR or other primer-dependent DNA amplification reaction at a concentration, generally not more than 2000 nM, that is effective for at least one of the functions of suppressing mispriming, increasing polymerase selectivity against 3' terminal mismatches, increasing polymerase selectivity against AT-rich 3' ends, reducing scatter among replicates, suppressing polymerase 5' exonuclease activity, and inhibiting polymerase activity; as well as amplification reaction mixtures containing such modified double-stranded oligonucleotides, and amplification reactions, amplification assays and kits that include such modified double-stranded oligonucleotides.
WANGH LAWRENCE J [US]; RICE JOHN [US]; RICE NICHOLAS [US]; JIA YANWEI [US]
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