Enhanced Bonding Layers on Titanium Materials
The present invention provides a dense-coverage, adherent phosphorous-based coating on the native oxide surface of a material. Disclosed phosphorous-based coatings include phosphate and organo-phosphonate coatings. The present invention also provides further derivatization of the phosphorous-based coatings to yield dense surface coverage of chemically reactive coatings and osetoblast adhesion-promoting and proliferation-promoting coatings on the native oxide surface of a titanium material.
SCHWARTZ JEFFREY [US]; AVALTRONI MICHAEL J [US]; MIDWOOD KIM S [GB]; SCHWARZBAUER JEAN E [US]; GAWALT ELLEN [US]
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