Secreted and Cell Surface Genes Expressed in Benign and Malignant Colorectal Tumors
Serial analysis of gene expression (SAGE) was used to identify transcripts encoding secreted or cell-surface proteins that were expressed in benign and malignant tumors of the colorectum. A total of 290,394 tags were analyzed from normal, adenomatous and cancerous colonic epithelium. Of the 21,343 different transcripts observed, 957 were found to be differentially expressed between normal and adenoma or between normal and cancer. Forty-nine transcripts were elevated >/= 20-fold in adenomas, 40 transcripts were elevated >/= 20-fold in cancers, and nine transcripts were elevated >/= 20-fold in both. Product of six these nine transcripts (TGFBI, LYS, RDP, MIC-1, REGA, and DEHL) were predicted to be secreted or to reside on the cell surface and these were analyzed in more detail. The abnormal expression levels predicted by SAGE were confirmed by quantitative PCR analyses of each of these six genes. Moreover, the cell types responsible for the elevated expression were identified by in situ hybridization and by PCR analyses of epithelial cells immunoaffinity purified from primary tumors.
BUCKHAULTS PHILLIP [US]; KINZLER KENNETH [US]; VOGELSTEIN BERT [US]
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