Nicotinic Acid Receptor Ligands
The present invention relates, in general, to nicotinic acid receptor ligands and, in particular, to ligands that have a relative efficacy for activating a G- protein-coupled receptor function (e.g., signaling) that is greater than their relative efficacy for stimulating ss-arrestin function (e.g., recruitment and/or signaling). The invention further relates to the use of such "biased ligands" to decrease triglycerides levels and to potentially increase high density lipoprotein (HDL) levels in patients and potentially lower low density lipoprotein (LDL) and/or very low density lipoprotein (VLDL) levels. In addition, the invention relates to methods of identifying such "biased ligands".
LEFKOWITZ ROBERT J [US]; DEWIRE SCOTT M [US]; WHALEN ERIN J [US]; VIOLIN JONATHAN D [US]; WALTERS ROBERT W [US]
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