Large Scale Controlled Placement of Nanoparticles and Nanostructure


Manufacturing MEMS and NEMS devices, e.g. arrays, solar collectors, nanoscale memory and optical switching devices, field emitters, chemical or mass sensors, LEDs, flexible interconnects, mechanical filters, microfluidic pumps and gates


Allows precision placement of high quality, preprocessed, or functionalized nanoparticles or nanostructures Simple chemistry integrates into standard silicon and large scale multilayer processes Can be used with a variety of conventional substrates Does not require complex chemically or geometrically modified substrates


Alex Zettl and coworkers have developed a technique for large scale placement of highly aligned nanotubes, nanowires, and other nanoparticles and nanostructures on precisely defined areas of a substrate. This low temperature process for creating nanoarrays and other ordered configurations has been demonstrated on silicon-oxide surfaces and promises to enable the incorporation of high quality nanoparticles into standard semiconductor processing.

Unlike other methods for creating nanoarrays, the Berkeley Lab invention can incorporate unfunctionalized or pre-functionalized nanoparticles without altering their chemistries. Furthermore, the substrates do not have to withstand high temperatures or have altered topography and the adhesion chemistry is simple and scalable.

In the Berkeley Lab process, portions of a thin layer of polymer on a substrate are exposed to precisely delivered electron beam radiation. A suspension of nanoparticles is then spin coated onto the substrate. The nanoparticles selectively adhere to the exposed portions of the polymer layer and are aligned in the direction of the flow. The thin layer of polymer may consist of a resist composition that is already present in standard lithographic work and permits patterning, in this case using a scanning electron microscope (SEM).

Zettl’s group has shown that nanotubes placed using this technique remain in position after further processing, including etching, metal deposition, and the addition of barrier or doping layers.


Patent pending. Available for licensing or collaborative research.


Yuzvinsky, T.D., Fennimore, A.M., Kis, A., Zettl, A., “Controlled Placement of Highly Aligned Carbon Nanotubes for the Manufacture of Arrays of Nanoscale Torsional Actuators,” Nanotechnology 2006, 17, 434-438.

REFERENCE NUMBER: IB-2047 ______________________________________________________________________________________________

Scalable Cleaning, Reforming, and Shaping of Batch-Manufactured Nanotubes and Nanowires IB-2144


A series of TEM images showing the evolution of a MWCNT device over time. ( a) Gold nanoparticles cover the as-fabricated device. (b) The device is partially cleaned by the application of 1.7 V 190 A . (c) Increasing the voltage to 1.72 V cleans the device further. (d) Raising the voltage to 1.9 V cleans the device of all gold nanoparticles. Cleaning and reforming contaminated and/or low quality nanotubes and nanowires and kinking and shaping nanotubes and nanowires for

MEMS components memory devices and diodes mechanical reinforcement for composites or engineered nanostructures nano-hooks and loops all-in-one atomic force microscope cantilevers and tips ADVANTAGES:

Generates high quality nanotubes and nanowires with superior bonding, mechanical, thermal, and conductive properties Enables easy customization of nanotube geometry Can be applied to individual or bundled nanotubes


Alex Zettl and his team have devised a technique for generating clean, high quality, and shaped nanotubes from those generated by bulk growth or processing methods. This electrical treatment is the first simple, reliable, and scalable method for removing contaminants from dirty nanotubes, reforming defective nanotubes, and adding permanent kinks and hooks.

The Berkeley Lab invention employs current induced heating to purify nanotubes and/or forge them into a variety of shapes useful for applications such as MEMS components, memory devices, nanoarrays, sensors, mechanical reinforcement, nano-hooks and loops, and all-in-one atomic force microscope cantilevers and tips.

Attached files:

Inventor(s): Alex Zettl

Type of Offer: Licensing

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