Cucumber Mosaic Virus Inducible Viral Amplicon (CMVIVA) Expression System
Tech ID: 11438 / UC Case 2006-640-0
A Chemically Inducible Cucumber Mosaic Virus Amplicon Expression System for Production of Recombinant Proteins in Plant-Based Systems
Plant cell cultures and transgenic plants have been developing as a potential platform for production of recombinant proteins, particularly playing an increasingly important role in production of human therapeutics. However, efficient expression systems that can be tightly regulated are currently lacking for plant-based protein expression.
Researchers at University of California, Davis, have developed a novel protein expression system, called Cucumber Mosaic Virus Inducible Viral Amplicon (CMViva), to inducibly and efficiently produce recombinant proteins in transgenic plant cell cultures. This novel protein expression system can produce recombinant proteins in plant-based systems using either transient expression in whole plants, plant tissues or plant cell cultures (using wild type, non-transgenic host tissues), stably transformed plant cell cultures in bioreactors or in transgenic plants.
This novel CMViva system may be used to enable rapid, large-scale, and cost-effective production of functional human therapeutic proteins and vaccines or other commercially important proteins.
CMViva system using transient production:
* Short timeframe from gene to product; and,
* Can use non-transgenic plant materials that might be available at a large scale and relatively inexpensive for recombinant protein production.
CMViva system using stably transformed cell cultures in bioreactors:
* Plant cells can be grown in inexpensive, chemically defined media devoid of any animal derived media components;
* Containment which allows reproducibility and optimization of growth and induction conditions; and,
* Ease of purification for secreted products.
Both methods provide:
* Production of safe human therapeutics and vaccines that are free from mammalian viruses/pathogens;
* Production of proteins with post-translational modifications and complex glycosylation that is similar to mammalian systems.
* Sudarshana MR, Plesha MA, Uratsu SL, Falk BW, Dandekar AM, Huang TK, and McDonald KA. 2006. A Chemically Inducible Cucumber Mosaic Virus Amplicon System for Expression of Heterologous Proteins in Plant Tissues. Plant Biotechnol J. 4, 551-559.
* Patent Pending
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