Metallurgy Patents for Sale or License

Portable Precious Metals Refinery

A containerized Gold and Silver refinery with PGMs recovery and waste water treatment and gas abatement systems. Sampling, analysis, melting and granulating, aqua regia, inquartation, gold and silver electrolysis and electrowinning, cyanidation, neutralization and scrubbing gas effluents.
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Portable Precious Metals Refinery with Waste Liquid and Gas Neutralization Systems

A containerized Gold and Silver refinery with PGMs recovery and waste water treatment and gas abatement systems. Sampling , analysis, melting and granulating, aqua regia, inquartation, gold and silver electrolysis and electrowinning, cyanidation , neutralization and scrubbing gas effluents. A full refining installation in a 40' container, Production : - 200 kg Au 999,9 / day or - 200 Kg or 200 Ag 999,9 / day - or intermediate quantities of Au and Ag according to client's needs. The refin
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Amorphous magnetic alloys, associated articles and methods

An amorphous magnetic alloy is presented. The alloy has the general formula: (Fe 1-x Co x ) n Mo a P b B c C d Si e , wherein n is the atomic percent of iron and cobalt; x is the fraction of n; a, b, c, d and e are the atomic percent of molybdenum, phosphorous, boron, carbon and silicon respectively and n, x, a, b, c, d and e are defined by following relationship: 76 n 85; 0.05 < x 0.50; 0 a 4; b 10; 0 c <d; and 0.1 e 2. Articles comprising the alloy and methods employing the alloy for making ar
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Method for the Production of Porous, Silicon-based Materials, Composite Ceramic-ceramic and Ceramic-metal Materials Derived Therefrom, and Uses Thereof

The invention relates to a method for producing porous materials from silicon-based polymers or silicon-based inorganic solid materials by forming addition compounds from hydridochlorosilanes and pyridine or pyridine derivatives, followed by pyrolysis.
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Process for electrolytic deposition of copper

The invention can be in copper refining electrolysis, which operate for a uniform deposition with cathodic additives in the electrolyte, will be applied. The invention is based on the technical task of finding for the electrolytic refining of copper additions, which ensure smooth even at higher current densities, cathode surface and low levels of sulfur in the unincorporated Katodenkupfer.According to the invention the object is achieved in that the electrolyte solution in addition to glue or ge
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Pressed Carbonaceous Or Carbon-bonded Fireproof Aluminum Oxide Products, and Method for Producing Same

The invention relates to pressed carbonaceous or carbon-bonded fireproof aluminum oxide products, and to a method for producing same. The fireproof products according to the invention are used, for example, as unitary plugs, immersion castings, and cauldron distribution pipes used for casting metals, particularly for casting steel. The fireproof products are made of pressed compounds made of a mixture of 50 to 70% by weight, preferably 50 to 60% by weight of aluminum oxide, 20 to 30% by weight o
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Preparing a granular carbonate-silicate material, useful e.g. agriculture, comprises adding a carbonate-containing liquid and an organic component to a silicate-containing material, and heating the si

Preparing a granular carbonate-silicate material, comprises adding a carbonate-containing liquid and an organic component to a silicate-containing material, and heating the silicate-containing material to 250-400[deg] C. An independent claim is also included for the carbonate-silicate material comprising 5-20% of the mass fraction of the organic component, where the organic component does not comprise algae.
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Method for Producing Oxide-based Metal-organic Framework Materials By Inserting Oxides While Controlling Water Content

The invention relates to a method for producing oxide-based metal-organic framework compounds, so-called OMOFs, of the general formula M4OBx (M = bivalent metal, x = 3). OMOF compounds are structured in a regular lattice, which has a defined pore size distribution. The high specific pore volume and the large equivalent surface area associated therewith make said compounds excellent materials, among other things, for gas stores or chemical catalysis or as a separating material, for example, in ga
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Novel Anchoring Ligands for Sensitizers of Dye-sensitized Photovoltaic Devices

The present invention relates to novel pyridine compounds that can be used as anchoring ligands in metal-based sensitizing dyes of dye sensitized solar cells (DSCs). The dyes comprising the polypyridine compounds exhibit improved light harvesting ability and lead to increased conversion efficiencies, in particular in thin TiO2 film devices.
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Activated Mercury Collector and Method for the Selective Determination of Mercury Species

A method for producing an activated mercury collector is provided, comprising the following steps: a) Application of mercury onto a substrate surface that contains a precious metal, b) Heating of the surface to 300 DEG C - 1000 DEG C, c) Cooling of the surface to below 100 DEG C, d) Repetition of steps a) to c), if necessary. In addition, an activated mercury collector obtainable according to this method, and a method for the selective determination of mercury species in a liquid medium, are pro
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Method for metathesis decomposition of nitrile rubbers

Molecular weight degradation of a nitrile rubber comprises contacting the nitrile rubber with a metathesis catalyst containing a complex catalyst on the basis of 6th or 8th group metals and exhibiting at least one carbene group at the metal bonded ligands, and a metallic compound (I). Molecular weight degradation of a nitrile rubber comprises contacting the nitrile rubber with a metathesis catalyst containing a complex catalyst on basis of 6th or 8th group metals and exhibiting at least one carb
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Polycrystalline silicon thin layers produced by titanium-supported metal-induced layer exchange

The method involves applying a layer sequence on a substrate, where the layer sequence has an oxidation layer arranged between an output layer and an activator layer. The layer sequence is treated with heat for forming a polycrystalline end layer, and the stable oxidation layer is produced by oxidation of transition metals during heat treatment. The oxidation layer is made of titanium oxide, the activator layer is made of silver and the output material is made of semiconductor material such as s
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Device and method for welding a workpiece

A laser welding assembly has a two laser sources whose beams are focused on a workpiece by a collimator. An overlay assembly positions the two beams such that the second beam is surrounded by the first in one plane. The power of the first beam is regulated to melt the workpiece material, while that of the second beam is regulated to cause partial evaporation of the workpiece. Also claimed is a suitable laser welding process.
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Catalyst systems and their use in metathesis reactions

Catalyst system (I), comprising a metathesis catalyst, which comprises a complex catalyst on basis of a metal from 6th or 8th subgroup and at least one carbene at the metal bonded ligand, and at least one boron compound (Z), is new. Catalyst system (I), comprising a metathesis catalyst, which comprises a complex catalyst on basis of a metal from 6th or 8th subgroup and at least one carbene at the metal bonded ligand, and at least one boron compound of formula (B(OR1a) 3) (Z), is new. R1a : alkyl
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NMP-enriched Extract

The present invention relates to a N-methylpyridinium (NMP)-enriched extract of dewaxed trigonelline-containing organic material having a significantly reduced C5HT-content, a method for its production, the use of said NMP- enriched extract of dewaxed trigonelline-containing organic material as a dietary supplement, and to foodstuff containing said extract.
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Ortho-metalated, Chelate-stabilized Benzylamines of the Rare Earth Elements (RE)

The present invention describes homoleptic, ortho-metalated complexes of rare-chelatstabilisierte benzylamine. The rare earth metals are selected from Sc, Y, La, Ce, Pr, Nd, Pm, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb, Lu. In the novel complexes at least one benzylic proton of the benzylamine ligand by an alkyl or aryl group is replaced.Preferred are those complexes in which both protons of the benzylic Benzylaminliganden by alkyl or aryl groups are substituted. Inventive complexes are prepared by re
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Producing metal-containing nanoparticles coated with polymers, useful e.g. for producing inks, comprises preparing anionic macro-initiator solution, adding monomer, polymerizing, and adding sulfide an

Producing metal-containing nanoparticles coated with polymers, comprises: preparing a solution of an anionic macro-initiator in an aprotic organic solvent; adding at least one anionic polymerizable monomer to the above solution; anionic polymerizing the above resulting solution at room temperature; adding an aliphatic or aromatic sulfide; adding a solution of at least one organo-soluble metal salt in an aprotic organic solvent; adding a homogenous reducing agent; precipitating the formed particl
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Method for Producing Metal-containing Nanoparticles Enveloped with Polymers and Particles That Can Be Obtained Therefrom

The present invention discloses a method for producing metal-containing nanoparticles enveloped with polymers and to particles that can be obtained therefrom. In the method according to the invention, at least one anionic polymerizable monomer is polymerized at room temperature in the presence of an anionic macroinitiator. Then, first an aliphatic or aromatic sulfide is added, thereafter a solution of at least one organosoluble metal salt in an aprotic organic solvent, and finally a homogeneous
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Antioxidant and Paramagnetic Heparin-nitroxide Derivatives

The present invention relates to novel heparin-nitroxide derivatives comprising heparin and at least two and more nitroxides/polynitroxide radicals that are covalently coupled to heparin by derivatisation of glycosaminoglycan carboxyl or amino groups. The heparin-nitroxide derivatives are useful as therapeutic or diagnostic agents. This invention further concerns novel methods for the production of the heparin-nitroxide agents, and methods of their uses for specifically targeting and labelling o
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Method for Producing Nanostructures Made of Metal Disulfides, Nanostructures Produced According to Said Method and Use Thereof

According to the invention, a metal M = Nb, Ti, Zr, Hf, Ta, V, Mo, W is inductively heated to a temperature in the range of between 1250 - 1400 DEG C in a single step process and is reacted with a gaseous sulphur compound. Said metal is maintained for 15 - 30 mins at a reaction temperature and is cooled with an inert gas to an ambient temperature. Said reaction product, metal disulfide separates on the metal surface in the form of nanoflakes and nanotubes.
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Compound Composed of a Metal Ion and a Marker Precursor Having Two Or More Targeting Vectors, and Use of the Compound

Described is a compound of a metal or metal, such as radiopharmaceutical from a metallic radionuclide and a labeling precursor, which is constructed from a bifunctional macrocyclic chelating agent, a spacer, a linker and at least a targeting vector.
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Inhomogeneous compounds having high magnetic resistance, the production and use thereof

The invention relates to inorganic, intermetallic, inhomogeneous compounds having a magnetic resistance effect and an intrinsic field sensitivity of at least 7% at 1 T at room temperature. The invention further relates to a method for the production and use thereof; particularly as magnetic field sensors or in spin electronics.
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High Surface Plasmon Tunability of Triangular Bimetallic Au-Ag Nanoprisms

Methods of preparing bimetallic nanoprisms with gold cores and silver shells are disclosed herein. Also disclosed are methods of controlling the surface plasmon resonance of a bimetallic nanoprism by controlling the thickness of the silver shell of the bimetallic nanoprism.
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Plasmon Mediated, Photoinduced Synthesis of Triangular Bipyramids

A method of preparing silver triangular bipyramids having a high shape selectivity and low edge length variation is disclosed. Also disclosed are silver triangular bipyramids prepared by this method.
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Preparation of Cobalt-boron Alloy Catalysts Useful for Generating Hydrogen from Borohydrides

A method of making a cobalt-boron alloy includes contacting an aqueous suspension of an oxide of cobalt, particularly a highly crystalline cobalt oxide, with a borohydride such as sodium borohydride. The resulting alloy may be used as a catalyst to produce gaseous hydrogen by hydrolysis of aqueous sodium borohydride.
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Porous Metal Oxide Particles

Preparing porous particles includes forming a gel including a first liquid and an oxygen-containing compound of a metal, semi-metal, metalloid, or semi-conductor, including an oxide, hydroxide, alkoxide, oxohydroxide, oxoalkoxide, oxo salt, or oxo salt hydrate of the metal, semi-metal, metalloid, or semi-conductor; contacting the gel with a combustible liquid to form a combustible gel; and initiating combustion of the combustible gel to form a substance including porous metal, semi-metal, metall
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Reduction of the Electrical Contact Resistance of a Surface of a Metal Body

The invention relates to the reduction of the contact resistance of a surface (9) of a metal body (2), wherein a reductive physical plasma (18) is generated by electrical discharge over the surface (9) and elemental carbon in the form of particles (19), each comprising a plurality of carbon atoms, is provided at the surface during generation of the plasma.
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Method and device for manufacturing a component with an integrated insert section

Production of a component (11) with an integrated insert (12), having electric contact(s) (36) and embedded in a metal matrix, includes fixing positioner(s) (14) onto the insert, at least before the insert is embedded in the matrix. The insert is held in fixed position in a casting mold using the positioner(s) while being embedded in the matrix. At least one positioner is formed as an additional functional element (36) in the insert. An independent claim is included for a corresponding component
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Separation Method for Carrier-free Radiolanthanides

A method for separating a lanthanide from a mixture containing at least one other lanthanide is provided. In particular, an HPLC and liquid separation method using a chromatographic column for separating a lanthanide from a mixture containing at least one other lanthanide is provided.
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Titanium Dioxide Thin Film Systems and Method of Making Same

A method for producing a thin film titanium dioxide is disclosed. The disclosed method for producing the thin film titanium dioxide includes performing a magnetron reactive sputtering process to vaporize at least portions of a titanium source in a sputtering chamber that is supplied with gaseous oxygen. The vaporized titanium reacts with the oxygen to form anatase titanium dioxide, which is deposited on a substrate within the sputtering chamber.
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Transparent Rectifying Metal/metal Oxide/semiconductor Contact Structure and Method for the Production Thereof and Use

The invention relates to transparent rectifying contact structures for application in electronic devices, in particular appertaining to optoelectronics, solar technology and sensor technology, and also a method for the production thereof. The transparent rectifying contact structure according to the invention has the following constituents: a) a transparent semiconductor, b) a transparent, non-insulating and non-conducting layer composed of metal oxide, metal sulphide and/or metal nitride, the r
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Metal and Metal Oxide Nanoparticle-embedded Composites

Metal/metal oxide nanoparticle-embedded polymer films were synthesized in situ wherein the polymerizing agent was utilized for both reduction and polymerization (such as curing). This in situ method avoids the use of any external reducing agent/stabilizing agent and leads to a uniform distribution of nanoparticles in the polymer matrix. In some embodiments, additional heating can be utilized to form the nanoparticles embedded in the polymer film.
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Periodic Mesoporous Phosphorus-nitrogen Compounds

Provided herein is a new material, periodic mesoporous phosphorus-nitrogen compound, which may be used in a variety of emerging technologies. Its surface properties render it promising as a component in a variety of applications, including gas separation and purification systems in which waste gases such as SO2, SO3, or CO2 are separated from other gases. It may also be used as an interlayer dielectric in microelectronic chips. Its structure and composition are useful due to an advantageous and
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Max-based Metal Matrix Composites

Disclosed are compositions comprising a MAX phase material having the formula Mn+1AXn, wherein M is an early transition metal, A is an A-group element, X one or both of C and N, and n=1-3, wherein the MAX phase material defines a plurality of pores; and, a metal component comprising a low melting point metal, wherein the metal occupies at least some of the pores. Also disclosed are method comprising providing a porous green body comprising a particulate material having the formula Mn+1AXn, where
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Method for Generating Oxidic Nanoparticles from a Material Forming Oxide Particles

A method for generating oxidic nanoparticles from a material forming oxide particles, comprising the steps of: preparation of an aqueous solution containing ions of the material forming the oxide particles, film evaporation of the solution at a temperature above 200 DEG C., and skimming off the nanoparticles floating on the surface of the aqueous solution generated in the vicinity of the vapour film on film evaporation. A device for performing the method is also provided.
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Method for Removing Heavy Metal and Sulfate Ions from Highly Concentrated, Heavy Metal-containing and Strongly Acidic Solutions

The invention relates to a method for removing heavy metal ions from highly concentrated, heavy metal-containing, strongly acidic solutions containing a percentage of sulfate, comprising a bioreactor having sulfate-reducing bacteria, wherein the sulfides produced in the bioreactor from the sulfate-containing solution are fed to a mixing container (MB1), wherein hydrogen sulfide (H2S) present in the mixing container (MB1) is fed by way of a carrier gas to a second mixing container (MB2) to which
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Method for Finishing a Surface of a Workpiece By Means of Forming a Third Body

The invention relates to a method for finishing a surface of a workpiece by means of forming a third body utilizing a metal-cutting surface processing tool. The invention is characterized by the combination of the following process steps: providing a surface processing tool having a blade, the blade edge rounding rss of which approximately corresponds to a cutting depth h by which the blade penetrates into the tool during the surface processing, contacting the surface processing tool at the surf
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Method for the Continuous Production of Nanoparticulate Metal Oxides in Solvents Containing Polyol

The present invention relates to a method for the continuous production of at least one metal oxide containing nanoparticles, consisting of the following steps: a) preparation of a reaction mixture containing at least one precursor compound of the at least one metal oxide and at least one oxygen donor in a solvent which contains at least one polyol, at a temperature T1 from 0 DEG C to 150 DEG C; b) heating of the reaction mixture prepared in step a) to a temperature T2 of 130 DEG C to 350 DEG C,
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Catalyst, useful for decomposition of nitrous oxide, comprises a carrier material made of alpha or gamma aluminum oxide and a coating containing rhodium as active component

Catalyst comprises a carrier material (2) made of alpha - or gamma -aluminum oxide and a coating (3) applied on the carrier material. The coating contains rhodium as the active component. An independent claim is also included for an apparatus for the decomposition of nitrous oxide in a gas stream, comprising a gas carrying pipe having catalyst arranged in it.
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Inorganic-organic Composite Fluorescent Substance

The present invention relates to a composite fluorescent substance, comprising an inorganic matrix and an organic fluorescent dye, wherein the inorganic matrix is constructed of an inorganic compound selected from the group of metal oxides, metal hydroxides, metal oxide hydroxides, metal phosphates, metal oxide phosphates, metal sulfates, metal oxide sulfates, metal carbonates, metal oxide carbonates, metal silicates, metal oxide silicates, metal borates, metal oxide borates, and mixtures thereo
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Eutectic Alloys of the Type FE 25-35 NI 15-25 MN 30-40 AL 10-20 M 0-5 and Methods for Production Thereof

Alloys, formed by a eutectic transformation of the type Fe25-35 Ni15-25 Mn30-40 Al10-20 MO-5, are disclosed. M is selected from chromium, molybdenum, carbon and combinations thereof. The alloys have high strength and ductility. The alloys are prepared from readily available transition metals, and can be used in applications where properties similar to steel are necessary or advantageous.
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Production of a transparent aluminum oxide protective layer on a glass substrate for household glassware comprises feeding aluminum-containing precursor compounds into a coating chamber containing a g

Production of a transparent aluminum oxide protective layer on a glass substrate comprises placing a glass substrate in a coating chamber, feeding aluminum-containing precursor compounds in liquid or gas form into the chamber, converting the precursor compounds into the gas phase and depositing an aluminum oxide layer on the substrate from the gas phase. The aluminum oxide is applied at a rate of 0.1-3 nm/minute. Independent claims are also included for the following: (1) Transparent protective
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One-step Method for Applying a Metal Layer Onto a Substrate

The invention relates to a one-step method for applying at least one metal layer onto a substrate by means of a gas phase deposition method. A substrate is coated with a metal layer in that a metal from a metal-containing precursor compound is precipitated from a gas phase onto the substrate, the metal-containing precursor compound is dissolved in a solvent, an organic reactant is added, and the metal-containing precursor compound and the organic reactant are converted into the gas phase, the me
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Graphite Layers

The present invention relates to a process for preparing graphite layers, comprising the step of heating at least one monolayer with low molecular weight aromatics and/or low molecular weight heteroaromatics crosslinked in the lateral direction under reduced pressure or inert gas to a temperature of > 800 K, and to graphite layers which are obtainable by this process.
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Forming and removing mold or core during casting, e.g. of filigree structures, by forming mold or core containing hollow particles, to be collapsed under pressure after casting

A method for forming and removing a mold and/or core during a casting process involves: (a) producing the mold and/or core from a mass containing hollow particles; (b) after the casting has solidified, exposing the mold and/or core to pressure to destroy at least some of the particles and thus collapse the mold or/or core; and (c) removing the mold and/or core residues from the casting.
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Manufacturing composite materials from nano-composites

The method for producing a composite material, which has nanocomposite based on polymer, comprises feeding a starting mixture that is made of polymer and nanoscopic filler material to a calender, so that the starting mixture is calendered by the calender and an intermediate product is obtained with a polymer matrix with the nanoscopic filler material homogeneously distributed in it, processing the intermediate product to a composite material under using a casting process of solutions, under usin
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Metallic Coatings on Metallic Substrates

Porous titanium coatings have been produced on Ti-6A1-4V substrates by electrophoretic deposition of TiH2 powder suspensions, followed by vacuum sintering at 850 DEG C. The use of titanium hydride resulted in lower sintering temperatures as compared to pure titanium powders and this allowed maintaining the a-ss microstructure and mechanical properties of the substrate material. Pure Ti coatings with thicknesses varying from 10 [mu]m to over 500 [mu]m, a porosity ranging from 37 to 52 % and a sur
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Multi-stage Leaching Process

A process of leaching a metal value such as nickel and/or cobalt from a metal laden solid, for example an ore such as laterite, comprises the steps of (a) contacting the metal laden solid with a leach solution comprising a mineral acid and an organic acid such as malic acid to provide a leachate including the metal value, (b) adding further organic acid to the leachate including the metal value, and (c) using the leachate including the metal value from step (b) as at least a portion of the leach
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Platinum Group Metal Recovery from Powdery Waste

The invention relates to a method for increasing the concentration of platinum group metals in urban waste material. The method comprises obtaining particles of urban waste material; screening the particles of urban waste material by size,- selecting particles of urban waste material that lie within a defined size range; and processing the selected particles using at least one physical or chemical technique whereby to increase the concentration of platinum group metals to at least 5ppm. The inve
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Low-temperature Pulsed Dc Reactive Sputtering Deposition of Thin Films from Metal Targets

This invention discloses a method for depositing ZnO films or other metal oxide films by a reactive pulse DC sputtering from metal target in a gas mixture containing oxygen. The substrate can be set at any temperature from above room temperature (20 DEG C), while the resulted ZnO films are transparent.
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Metal complexes comprising a fullerite

A process for the preparation of a fullerite, said process comprising the admixture of metal complex MLwL'x(wherein M is a non-group 1 metal, each L and L' is a ligand and w and x are selected from 0 to 8), a fullerene or derivative thereof, a first solvent in which the fullerene or derivative is substantially soluble and a second solvent in which the fullerene or derivative is substantially insoluble, to precipitate the fullerite. In another aspect, the use of the above process for the preparat
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Preparation of Nanostructured Microporous Composite Foams

A method of producing a monolithic metal or metal composite having a hierarchic pore structure, the method comprising the steps of: selecting a template material, said template material having a porous structure; contacting the template material with a solution of the or each metal to be structuralised; depositing the or each metal onto the template; washing the metal coated template before deposition of further metal; isolating the metal coated template material; removing, thermally, at least a
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Method of Determining the Extent of a Metal Oxide Reduction

The present invention relates to a method for determining the extent of electrochemical extraction ofa metal (M) from a metal (M) oxide caused by a voltage applied between a cathode comprising (or consisting essentially of) or in contact with the metal (M) oxide and an inert metal alloy anodein an oxygen-dissolving molten electrolyte.
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A Process for Poling a Ferroelectric Material Doped with a Metal

A process for poling a ferroelectric material doped with a metal, which process comprises: (i) defining an electrode pattern on a -z face of a crystal of the ferroelectric material doped with the metal; (ii) providing an electrode material; (iii) poling at a temperature of not more than 45 DEG C; and (iv) poling by a two-stage voltage-controlled application of electric field based on a first poling stage of domain nucleation and a second poling stage of domain spreading.
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Nickel Substrates Having a Porous Surface Used for Catalysts

A method of providing a porous surface on a nickel substrate comprising treating the substrate with a flowing stream of gas comprising ammonia or hydrazine at a temperature of at least 4000C, the resultant porous surface comprising pores which are substantially all interconnected and have access to the surface.
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Doped Zirconia Ceramic

The present invention provides the use of a doped zirconia ceramic having a mean grain size of about 190 nm or less and consisting of the tetragonal zirconia crystallographic phase as a hydrothermally stable material or in an application that requires the use of a hydrothermally stable material. The present invention also provides a doped zirconia ceramic having a mean grain size of about 190 nm or less and consisting of tetragonal zirconia which does not undergo detectable tetragonal to monocli
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Solid freeform fabrication

Solid freeform fabrication of a body by providing first and second precursors, melting at least a portion of these precursors to form a substantially molten alloy which solidifies at a temperature lower than the melting points of the precursors. Further solid material with a melting point greater that the solidifying temperature of the alloy is deposited on the molten alloy and then least some of this further material is melted. By repeatedly depositing further solid material and melting at leas
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Cutting Device for Cutting Graphene and Method for Cutting Graphene Using a Cutting Device

The invention relates to a cutting device for cutting graphene, comprising a receiving area (10) that is designed to receive the graphene (19) for cutting, a cutting element (12) charged with a catalytically active material at least in the region of a cutting tip, a displacement unit that is designed to displace the receiving area (10) and the cutting element (12) with the cutting tip in relation to one another, and a heating device (14) that is designed to provide thermal energy for a catalytic
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High temperature superconductors

A high temperature superconductor composition includes a matrix of a high temperature superconductive oxide. Non-superconductive particles are distributed in the matrix. At least some of the non-superconductive particles comprise either a rare earth transition metal oxide or a barium or strontium transition metal oxide. The non-superconductive particles are ferromagnetic, superparamagnetic, ferrimagnetic or antiferromagnetic at a temperature of 77K. Suitable compositions include a superconductiv
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Ultrahydrophobic Surfaces and Methods for their Production

The present invention relates to a method of producing an ultrahydrophobic surface, the method comprising providing a mixture comprising low surface energy material and a sacrificial material, forming a layer from the mixture wherein the layer contains particles of the sacrificial material, treating the layer so as to destroy the particles of sacrificial material and generate a laterally continuous matrix of solid low surface energy material containing an array of depressions.
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Polypeptides Including Modified Constant Regions

Disclosed are processes for producing a variant polypeptide (e.g. antibodies) having increased binding affinity for an Fc[gamma]R, which processes comprise modifying the polypeptides by substitution of the amino acid at position 268 of a human IgG CH2 region for a non-native polar or charged amino acid e.g. Gln, Asn, Glu, or Asp. also provided are corresponding polypeptides, nucleic acids, and methods of use of the same e.g. in improved lytic therapies.
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Measuring amt. of contamination in soft solder bath - by converting sonic pulses produced in metal probe dipped into bath into electrical pulses and plotting curve of phase summation against time

Method of quantitatively and qualitatively determining the degree of metal impurity in a soft soldering bath consists of monitoring the sonic impulses emitted as an intermetallic phase grows on the surface of a solderable metal (2) which is in contact with the bath (6.1). The sonic impulses are transferred via the clamp device (2) and coupling rod (3) to a vibraiton receiver (4) which converts the pulses to electrical pulses and then transfers these to evaluation device (5) via covered cable (8)
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Capillary arrangement used in electro-spraying ionization processes in mass spectrometry, e.g. for converting molecules having a high molecular mass (e.g. DNA) from a solution into ions has an electri

Capillary arrangement (10) has an electrically conducting metal oxide layer (4) for contacting a sample fluid in the arrangement. An Independent claim is also included for a process for the production of the capillary arrangement.
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Method for the preparation of high surface area metal fluorides

The present invention is related to a method for preparing an amorphous metal fluoride of the formula M<X+>FX-delta comprising the steps
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Heteroepitaxial Layer and Method for the Production Thereof

The invention relates to a growth substrate for producing non-adamantine epitaxial layers with a substrate (2) made of monocrystalline silicon, at least one epitaxial, preferably oxidic buffer layer which is disposed on the substrate, and at least one metal layer (4) that is arranged on the buffer layer and contains or is composed of a transition metal from the fourth, fifth, and/or sixth period, said transition metal having a melting point of 1200 K or more.
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Coupled Electrochemical Sulfide Mineral Dissolutioon and Metal Recovery in Halide Media

Using an efficient technology to produce higher quality products at lower monetary and environmental costs has been an interest of all metal producers. Research and development in metallurgy has led to development of new methods of metal production; however, for most nonferrous metals, the linkage between the pyrometallurgical and hydrometallurgical processing steps has been strong. The elimination of the pyrometallurgical step would require its replacement by an equally efficient and more cost
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High-Strength and Wear-Resistant Aluminum Alloy (MFS-0016)

Abstract: Developed to meet U.S. automotive legislation requiring low-exhaust emission, the novel NASA 398 aluminum-silicon alloy offers dramatic improvement in tensile and fatigue strengths at elevated temperatures, enabling new pistons to utilize less material, which can lead to reducing part weight and cost as well as improving performance.
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Compact Vacuum Insulation Embodiments

Technology Description An ultra-thin compact vacuum insulation panel is comprised of two hard, but bendable metal wall sheets closely spaced apart from each other and welded around the edges to enclose a vacuum chamber. Glass or ceramic spacers hold the wall sheets apart. The spacers can be discrete spherical beads or monolithic sheets of glass or ceramic webs with nodules protruding therefrom to form essentially "point" or "line" contacts with the metal wall sheets. In the case of monolithic sp
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Electromagnetic Levitation for Containerless Processing and Refining of Metals

In response to the growing need to handle high temperature reactive metals and alloys in today�s manufacturing industry, Rice has developed an advanced method for refining pure or precious metals and alloys by a new, more powerful electromagnetic levitation technique. This containerless method for processing allows high-purity metals and alloys to be zone-refined free from the presence of contaminants from crucibles. This novel technology is comprised of a horizontal levitator capable of susp
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Use of microbes to extract and deliver metals from ores

Introduction Isolating a metal from its ore is traditionally performed via smelting, where the ore is chemically reduced under high temperatures. This process works most efficiently in cases such as copper, where there is a high concentration of the metal in its ore, However some metals, such as gold, have low metal content in the ore, which makes traditional methods of refining less economical. Bioleaching, the use of microbes to isolate metals from their ores, does not rely on the concentratio
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