Space Technology Patents for Sale or License

Triaxial Induction (Search-coil) Magnetic Field Sensor of an Ultimate Sensitivity for Measurement of the Environmental, Industrial, and Biological Signals

ABSTRACT- An object of the present proposal provide an improvement in search-coil type sensors. It is a further object of the present proposal to provide lightweight metallic glass antenna (pickup coil- PC) for detecting AC magnetic fields both generated by natural- and man-made sources including outer space wave activity (ionospheric noise signals). The sensor has an improved effective height characteristic in the frequency range from 0.2 Hz to 16 kHz. An induction sensor is a device that meas
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Method for Transmitting Satellite Data

In a method for transmitting satellite data of a global navigation satellite system each satellite transmit position data of neighboring satellites to a navigation device on the earth. The subset of neighboring satellites with respect to a specific satellite is determined by averaging over a period of the inter-satellite distance. The subsets are further restricted to the condition that all visible satellites are referenced by the position data of at least one other satellite. This requirement c
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Method for Vector Phase Tracking a Plurality of Global Positioning Satellite Carrier Signals

A method for vector phase tracking a plurality of global positioning satellite carrier signals is disclosed, in which for a tracked satellite a discriminator (25) is generating phase tracking error signals at different frequencies associated with the various carrier signals of the tracked satellite and in which a multi-frequency estimation of the disturbances is performed based the phase tracking error signal supplied by the discriminator unit (28). In the method the ionospheric error is taken i
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Method for a Global Satellite Navigation System

A method for estimating satellite-satellite single difference biases is described. The method uses an ionosphere-free mixed code-carrier combination of maximum ambiguities discrimination defined at the ration between wavelength and noise standard deviation. The accuracy of the biases estimation is further improved by an additional ionosphere-free mixed code-carrier combination of time-difference measurement that is uncorrelated with the first combination. Finally, an alternative method is based
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Circuit arrangement i.e. monolithic integrated circuit, has earth surfaces working as ground potentials for electrical and electronic circuits and as antenna units, where signal currents and antenna c

The arrangement has earth surfaces (31, 32) working as ground potentials for electrical and electronic circuits and as antenna units, where the circuits are connected with one another on or below the earth surfaces through conductors (L1, LM, LM+1, LN). Signal currents and antenna control currents are supplied to a sub unit having the earth surfaces, where the signal currents are sum of all currents flowing to a sub unit having a ground electrode. Antenna current is supplied to a sub-assembly ha
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Method and Apparatus for Optical Stabilization

A method and apparatus for controlling the attitude of a vehicle (such as an aircraft) in a space having at least two opposed viewable regions, each region being viewed by a respective first sensor for sensing a first frequency band of electromagnetic radiation and a respective second sensor for sensing a second frequency band of electromagnetic radiation, wherein respective first and second data sets from the first and second sensors for each regions are produced, these second data sets are sub
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Method of reducing vulnerability and violence of explosive response to solid rocket motors

Solid rocket motors always incorporate one or more hollow bore holes in the propellant, and often include complex geometries of fins and cutouts to enhance the burn rate of the propellant. The present technology presents an inert material that fills the bore or any other void space thereby rendering the device less susceptible to violent explosion in the event of any thermal or mechanical insult. This is of particular importance during device transportation or storage. <i>Benefits</i> Any m
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Design Methodology for Optimal Power Generation in Solar Vehicles Using Genetic Algorithms

This JHU/APL invention applies genetic algorithms to the problem of optimally determining solar panel location and size on an airship (or other solar paneled vehicle) to minimize power, weight, and volume for significant performance advantages over more “intuitive” design methods typically employed. Genetic algorithms are search algorithms based on the mechanics of natural selection and propagation of superior genes. In a general sense, these algorithms encode potential solutions to a spe
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A UV IR Laser Camera and Altimeter

The novel aspect of the JHU/APL UV Infra Red camera and altimeter is that the detection system is an integrated photon-counting, 2-D imaging, Time-of-Flight system. This technology is superior to conventional imaging lidars (LIght Detection And Ranging) that are not photon-counting as well as conventional photon-counting imagers that do not measure time-of-flight; the notion is that the new type of instrument can eventually replace conventional imagers and literally bring a new dimension (rangin
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CMOS Xylophone Bar Magnetometer with Automatic Resonance Control

There is an increasing need for miniature magnetometers for mapping magnetic fields in space and in industrial and environmental applications. The trend has been constantly toward smaller size, lower power consumption, and lower cost models having similar or better performance. Recent developments in piezoresistive cantilevers and micro magnetometers have produced devices that in some stages require intricate processing. Sensitivities, defined as the minimum detectable field change are in the ra
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Magnetometer ASIC

There is an increasing need for miniature magnetometers for mapping magnetic fields in space and in industrial and environmental applications. The trend has been constantly toward smaller size, lower power consumption, and lower cost models having similar or better performance. Recent developments in piezoresistive cantilevers and Micro-magnetometers have produces devices that in some stages require intricate processing. Sensitivities, defined as the minimum detectable field change are in the ra
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Lorentz Force Magnetometer having a Resonator

There is an increasing need for miniature magnetometers for mapping magnetic fields in space and in industrial and environmental applications. The trend has been constantly toward smaller size, lower power consumption, and lower cost models having similar or better performance. Recent developments in piezoresistive cantilevers and micro magnetometers have produced devices that in some stages require intricate processing. Sensitivities, defined as the minimum detectable field change are in the ra
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Cartesian Electronic Absolute Autocollimator (GSC-14718)

Abstract: The new technology Cartesian Electronic Absolute Autocollimator, the only instrument of its kind, has unsurpassed sensitivity and stability for its size with an exceptional field of view or range of regard. To date in the laboratory, the autocollimator has been used to measure the apex angles of prismatic samples of cryogenic infrared optical materials which will be used for James Webb Space Telescopes Near-infrared Camera as well as for other upcoming NASA infrared space instruments.
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Phase-Oriented Gears (GSC-14790)

Abstract: The general purpose of this invention is to significantly increase the speed reduction of Gear Bearing Planetary Transmissions and, thereby, to improve pointing precision for science instruments and torque output for deployment mechanisms. Very high speed reduction planetary transmissions require two (2) stage planets where each planet is individually phase-tuned to mesh with the output ring gear. This is typically accomplished by custom fabrication of each planet such that its upper
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Portable Rugged Low Powered X-Ray Fluorescent Using Machined Sources (GSC-14796)

Abstract: NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center and National Institute of Justice (NIJ) have teamed up to explore the use of NASA developed technologies for use in in-situ elemental analysis of materials at forensic sites or for use on planetary lander missions. A portable field X-Ray Fluorescence (XRF) system has been developed which has the capability to perform analysis of selected materials down to the parts perm million ppm) levels for a large number of critical elements of interest in fore
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Space Robotic System for in Space Servicing of Unmanned Spacecraft Applications (GSC-15002)

Abstract: The Hubble Space Telescope (HST) has a modular design and was meant to be serviceable in-orbit by astronauts using the Space Shuttle Following the Columbia disaster and the grounding of the Shuttle fleet, HSTs planned servicing mission was cancelled with no future plans to upgrade the observatory. The objective of the HST Development Team was to conceive a mission to changeout scientific instruments, batteries, gyros, and extend the life of the observatory without the aid of astronaut
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Autonomous Micro-Pulse Lidar System (MPL) (GSC-13493)

Abstract: MPL is an eye safe lidar system for detecting cloud-base height and profiling atmospheric cloud and aerosol scattering up to altitudes of 30 kilometers. Developed at the Goddard Space Flight Center in answer to the challenge of creating an efficient lidar system for space-borne applications, it has been proven reliable for full-time autonomous operation in ground-based applications over a two year period.
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Electro-Mechanically Actuated Magnetic Ring with Load Sensing Feedback and Closed Loop Control Docking/Berthing System for Alignment and Mating of Multiple Vehicles, Structures, and/or Assemblies (MSC

Abstract: This technology is a magnetic docking system designed to mate two vehicles in space. A spacecraft using the system would move to a position close to its intended mating port and remain there while a magnetic capture ring is extended.
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Parallel Integrated Frame Synchronizer (PIFs) Chip ()

Abstract: NASA Goddard Space Flight Center has developed a high-speed parallel integrated frame synchronizer chip that can be used in ground station systems that receive and process data from airborne or in-space sources. This chip has a processing speed of 500 Mbps - five times faster than processing speeds offered by current chips.
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Pressure Vessel Flex Joint (MSC-21748)

Abstract: The pressure vessel joint is an airtight, flexible joint that allows for flexibility at the interface of two pressure vessels while limiting axial loading carried across the joint. This flex joint consists of a floating structural segment that is attached permanently to one of the pressure vessels using a polymer or metal inflatable seal, thereby creating an airtight, flexible joint. The joint acts as a flexible connection that permits both angular motion and lateral displacement. Ori
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Space Station Paraffin-Actuated Remote Connector (MSC-21998)

Abstract: The Space Station Paraffin-Actuated Remote Connector (SSPARC) is a device for joining two structural members, either electrically (using remote controls) or manually. The releasable coupling device is composed of a collet fastener, which has retractable latching fingers mounted on one of the structural members to be joined, and a receptacle mounted on the other structural member.
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Semi-Autonomous Flight System (LAR-16736)

Abstract: The NASA Langley Research Center has developed a miniature semi-autonomous flight system with avionics sensor board, processing board and flight control board. This system is being developed to enable autonomous flight for unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs).
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Heat-Driven Pulse Pump (GSC13739)

Abstract: The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) seeks partners to commercialize a new pump for use in single- and two-phase thermal control systems aboard spacecraft.
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Capaciflector-Based Technology (GSC-13614)

Abstract: The National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s (NASA) Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) seeks qualified users and/or manufacturers to pursue further development and commercialization of a capacitive sensor and the numerous technologies it enables
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Aerodynamic Design Using Neural Networks ()

Abstract: The design of aerodynamic components of aircraft, such as wings or engines, involves a process of obtaining the most optimal component shape that can deliver the desired level of component performance, subject to various constraints, for example, total weight or cost, that the component must satisfy. Aerodynamic design can thus be formulated as an optimization problem that involves the minimization of an objective function subject to constraints. A variety of formal optimization metho
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Semi-Autonomous Flight System (LAR-16736)

Abstract: The NASA Langley Research Center has developed a miniature semi-autonomous flight system with avionics sensor board, processing board and flight control board. This system is being developed to enable autonomous flight for unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs). The system is a small, integrated, economical, low-power avionics sensor suite for use in data acquisition and onboard feedback control. The processing board acquires, processes and stores data on a memory chip that allows for the se
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Integrated Reaction Wheel Assembly for Spacecraft Attitude Control (GSC-13649)

Abstract: The IRWA was developed for NASA's Small Explorer Lite program - an initiative to provide small, low-cost, high-performance/reliability spacecraft. Designed primarily for small (100 to 1,000 kg) spacecraft launched from a Pegasus-class vehicle, the IRWA provides unique plug-and-play capabilities.
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Breakthrough in Fourier Imaging Systems (MFS-31176)

Abstract: NASA scientists have discovered a method for providing Fourier Imaging with as few as one or two grid pairs, while capturing the entire available spectrum. Result: An imager that costs less to produce and offers high quality imaging.
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Oil-Free Turbomachinery Technologies Creating a Revolution in Aircraft Propulsion (TOP3-00160)

Abstract: NASA Glenn's Oil-Free turbomachinery research team is helping to develop three key technologies: foil air bearings, high-temperature solid lubricants, and computer-based modeling. Recent breakthroughs in these key technologies now enable the demonstration of revolutionary Oil-Free gas turbines.
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Integrated Reaction Wheel Assembly for Spacecraft Attitude Control (GSC-13649)

Abstract: The IRWA was developed for NASA's Small Explorer Lite program - an initiative to provide small, low-cost, high-performance/reliability spacecraft. Designed primarily for small (100 to 1,000 kg) spacecraft launched from a Pegasus-class vehicle, the IRWA provides unique plug-and-play capabilities. The stand-alone assembly contains all necessary power converter, commutation, control, and telemetry electronics. The IRWA can be operated with a current (torque) controller or speed (momentum
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Parametric Cost Model

The Parametric Cost Model can be used to work out unit, sub-system, system and total project costs for a variety of projects. The model has been used by BA Systems, ESTEC, Airospatial plus many other major companys. The full source code and intellectual propert rights are for sale.
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Design of Space Structures Made of Shape Memory Alloys for Stowability and Shape Control

Introduction Shape memory alloy (SMA) materials superelasticity and shape memory facilitate their use in stowable building units for space structures. With tight space allocation restrictions on vehicles, compactable structures present a viable alternative to standard structures whose size cannot be reduced. Technology description Researchers at the University of Washington have envisioned applications for cylindrically shaped pillars supported by SMA trusses. Cylinders can be compressed and sto
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3-D Roller Locking Sprags (GSC-13617)

Many machines with rotating parts use brakes and clutches to stop or control the degree and direction of motion of the driven parts. Brakes and clutches often are incorporated between concentric races (i.e., rotating shafts). One class of locking brake/clutch uses spherical balls or cylindrical rollers located between an inner and outer race. At least one of the races contains cam surfaces against which the balls or rollers wedge and lock to produce instantaneous torque coupling. A variation on
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Electroplating of Hard Glassy Metals (MFS-31377)

Although it yields a high quality coating, electroless deposition does not allow for much process control, requires high processing temperatures, and has a slower deposition rate than with electroplating. Better process control is available through electroplating, which involves placing a voltage across a nickel electrode (i.e., anode) and the part in a solution (i.e., cathode) and thus driving the nickel to coat the part via electrolytic processes. NASA Marshall¿s technology enables stress-fre
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Discrete Event Simulation Tool for Analysis of Qualitative Models of Continuous Processing Systems (CONFIG) (MSC-21465)

CONFIG is a general-purpose simulation tool that can support simulations in several domains, including process-oriented industries (chemicals, foods, pharmaceuticals), water and waste processing, manufacturing, power systems, and computer/telecommunication networks. CONFIG is an enhancement of discrete event simulation to handle hybrid systems that include fluids. Discrete event simulation is dynamic simulation, modeling the time-based behavior of systems, where the intervals between time steps
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Parallel Subconvolution Filter Architectures (NPO-30142)

The goal was to develop simple architectures to implement in parallel/vector processing form to reduce the processing rate required by the hardware and able to be extended to any length filter desired, with only linear increase in complexity. The improvement of these novel architectures is that they allow implementation of simple, very large scale integration with parallel processing for high-order filtering/correlation so that very high rate systems can be processed with lower rate hardware and
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Proton-Transfer-Reaction/Ion-Mobility-Spectrometer (PTR-IMS) (NPO-21187)

A small, portable detector with high sensitivity suitable for detection of trace amounts of organic compounds, PTR-IMS does not suffer from problems associated with commonly used gas chromatography/mass spectrometry-based instruments (GC/MS) such as limited sensitivity, fragmentation of large organic species and high vacuum requirements. This instrument, which is lightweight and consumes low power, would be an important part of future in-situ investigations on planetary bodies. Use as an air qua
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High Rate Parallel Digital Receiver (NPO-21230)

The data rates for NASA missions are increasing very rapidly. In order to process these high data rates, high-processing hardware is required. For baseband data processing, there exist inexpensive PCI-based solutions; But for RF processing, the current solutions are based on either all analog or mixed technology with flexibility offered only at great cost and size. For an all-digital solution, the sampling rate of passband data is at least four times the data rate. That is, a minimum of four sam
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CCD System Technology for Extremely Low Background Observations (GSC-13906)

Charge-coupled devices have proven to be exceptionally versatile and effective detectors for imaging wavelengths between the near-ultraviolet and the near-infrared portions of the spectrum. Although detector format/size and sensitivity have increased to meet demand, these larger detectors have technical limitations that impede high sensitivity, low-background observations. For example, cooling the detector to reduce dark current from the bulk silicon is difficult with large formats (e.g., 4096-b
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NASA Smart Materials and Structures

The Morphing Project seeks to integrate smart, biologically inspired, or other unconventional approaches to lead to aggressive improvements in the efficiency, versatility and safety of future air and spacecraft. The foundation of this multi-disciplinary project is research on smart materials and the associated micro-electronics to develop advanced actuators and sensors for control, sensing and real-time adaptation to system changes. The smart technologies under development are modifiable and may
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Capillary Pumped Loop Body Warmer (GSC-13329)

Capillary Pumped Loops (CPL) are a space-age technology for thermal control. GSFC uses CPLs for spacecraft thermal control and recently developed a concept for application of CPLs to human body thermal regulation. The key advantage is that CPLs can operate without an external mechanical pump to redistribute heat; thus, no external power source is required. GSFC has initiated a proof-of-concept demonstration of CPLs for glove heating. Companies with product development interests in the areas of b
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Capacitance Probe for Fluid Flow and Volume Measurements (MSC-22544)

The technology replaces mechanical flowmeters used currently with a simple, dependable electronic device with no moving parts. It is more accurate and not as invasive. Its readings are instantly converted from analog signals to digital records. These records could be broadcast on any bandwidth needed from remote locations to a central computer. This brings information technology into fluid flow measurement, allowing computers to set parameters, adjust rates of flow, and keep readings digitally.
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