Background: Kurt Lewin developed Force-Field Analysis as a technique for examining the forces that influence a situation.
The principles of the technique have made contributions to a number of social sciences. The thinking technique builds upon Lewin's analytical tool.
How to Use Force-Field Analysis
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- A facilitator writes a short description of a problem or situation where all members of the group can see it.
- The facilitator directs the group to name forces that wither help or hinder the movement from a problem situation to its solution.
- With the concensus of the group, the facilitator lists each force on the "help" or "hinder" area, above and below the description of the problem or current situation.
- Arrows can be used to indicate the distance at which the forces help or hinder a solution as well as the strength at which each force or combination of forces drives toward or away from a solution.
- After the group appears to have exhausted the list of forces, the facilitator leads a discussion, the aim of which is to find combinations of forces that will strengthen the positive and weaken the negative forces that act upon the situation.