During my naval service I began an independent investigation of atmospheric electric fields. I was driven by a graphic contained in a book, Feynman Lectures on Physics, vol. II which showed the diurnal variation of the earth's atmospheric electric field. I have independently worked on the effects of electric fields on plants since that time. Since the moment I was hired at Maxwell Laboratories in San Diego, CA by a scientist who was also a physics professor emeritus at UCSD as a product development engineer working in the area of high power xenon flash lamp applications development, I have had an enduring interest in innovation. Over time I created or helped to create engineering and commercial applications where there were none before.