Non-invasive Energy Upconversion Methods and Systems for In-situ Photobiomodulation
Products, compositions, systems, and methods for modifying a target structure which mediates or is associated with a biological activity, including treatment of conditions, disorders, or diseases mediated by or associated with a target structure, such as a virus, cell, subcellular structure or extracellular structure. The methods may be performed in situ in a non-invasive manner by placing a nanoparticle having a metallic shell on at least a fraction of a surface in a vicinity of a target structure in a subject and applying an initiation energy to a subject thus producing an effect on or change to the target structure directly or via a modulation agent. The nanoparticle is configured, upon exposure to a first wavelength [lambda]1, to generate a second wavelength [lambda]2 of radiation having a higher energy than the first wavelength [lambda]1. The methods may further be performed by application of an initiation energy to a subject in situ to activate a pharmaceutical agent directly or via an energy modulation agent, optionally in the presence of one or more plasmonics active agents, thus producing an effect on or change to the target structure. Kits containing products or compositions formulated or configured and systems for use in practicing these methods.
VO-DINH TUAN [US]; SCAFFIDI JONATHAN P [US]; CHADA VENKATA GOPAL REDDY [US]; LAULY BENOIT [US]; ZHANG YAN [US]; GREGAS MOLLY K [
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