Earth Sciences Patents for Sale or License

Method for separation of emulsions e.g. carbon emulsions, by using alginit in food industry, involves providing emulsions in aqueous, non-aqueous and immiscible phase, and using alginit/artificial alg

The method involves providing emulsions in an aqueous, non-aqueous, water immiscible phase. Mineral oil, grease, hydrocarbon or hydrocarbon derivative are provided in the non-aqueous phase. Alginit or artificial alginit is used as a fixed bed for separation of the emulsions. The alginit or artificial alginit is directly added to the emulsions for separation of the emulsions. The alginit is directly used in a natural and unprocessed form in batch and continuous processes.
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Methods for Concurrent Generation of Velocity Models and Depth Images from Seismic Data

In various embodiments, the present disclosure describes methods for processing seismic data to concurrently produce a velocity model and a depth image. Various embodiments of the methods include: a) acquiring seismic data; b) generating a shallow velocity model from the seismic data; c) generating a stacking velocity model using the shallow velocity model as a guide; d) generating an initial interval velocity model from the stacking velocity model; and e) generating an initial depth image using
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A System, Device and Method for Detecting Seismic Acceleration

A device for detecting seismic acceleration including a proof mass; a base for providing a sensor acceleration, relative to the proof mass, based on the seismic acceleration; an optical fibre portion operatively connected between the proof mass and the base for providing a fibre tension based on the sensor acceleration, a fibre Fabry-Perot interferometer (FFPI) in the optical fibre portion for providing an optical characteristic representative of the fibre tension, and a compensator for applying
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Uses of sporopollenin

The invention provides the use of an exine shell of a naturally occurring spore, or a fragment thereof, as an antioxidant, for instance in a formulation containing an active substance. Also provided is a method for reducing rancidity, or other oxidative degradation, of a substance or composition, by encapsulating the substance or composition in, or chemically or physically binding it to, or mixing it with, an exine shell of a naturally occurring spore or a fragment thereof.
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Apparatus and Method for Monitoring Soil Slope Displacement Rate By Detecting Acoustic Emissions

An apparatus for monitoring soil slope displacement rate comprises a sensor (I) beatable on an active waveguide (E) partially buried in the soil to detect acoustic emissions transmitted through the active waveguide (E) as a result of soil displacement. The monitoring apparatus also includes a processor arrangement which analyses the detected acoustic emissions to determine a ring down count rate, compares the determined ring down count rate with a predetermined trigger value, and generates an al
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Contaminated Soil Remediation Process

This technology describes a method of extraction of recalcitrant chemical contaminants from solid media. This is done by using ozone and supercritical CO2 together to bring about a chemical conversion within the solid media. The use of ozone and CO2 together is expected to extract and convert the contaminants into inert products such as water and CO2. The same treatment can also be used to upgrade asphaltenes in tar sands into valuable chemicals. <i>Benefits</i> *Treatment of contaminated so
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Simultaneous Time-domain and Frequency-domain Metal Detector

With an estimated 100 million mines and countless millions of acres of land contaminated with unexploded ordnance (UXO) worldwide there is a need for a sensor system and methods that can detect and identify large and small metal objects buried in the soil. In addition, during armed conflict, there is a need for mine detection and neutralization in real-time or near real time. A commonly used sensor for mine and UXO detection is the electromagnetic induction (EMI) metal detector. Conventional EMI
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Multi-Mode Electromagnetic Target Discriminator (METD) Sensor System

With an estimated 100 million mines and countless millions of acres of land contaminated with unexploded ordnance (UXO) world- wide there is a need for a sensor system and methods that can detect and identify large and small metal objects buried in the soil. In addition, during armed conflict, there is a need for mine detection and neutralization in real-time or near real time. A commonly used sensor for mine and UXO detection is the electromagnetic induction (EMI) metal detector. Conventional E
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Force Detected Magnetic Field Gradiometer

Apparatus and method for detecting and quantifying magnetic field gradients by measuring the magnetic force acting on a mechanical oscillator with an attached spin-containing material (any material that displays a magnetic moment in the presence of a magnetic field) having a modulated magnetic moment with a temporal response that matches the resonance frequency of the mechanical oscillator. Modulation of the magnetic moment in the direction of the measurement is achieved by the action of a spati
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Delay Compensated Doppler Radar Altimeter

A delay compensated Doppler radar altimeter that eliminates the relative delay curvature associated with the energy reflected by a scatterer located in the along-track direction of an aerial platform for which a most accurate estimation of scatterer elevation is desired. By Doppler shifting each return, the range indicated for each scatterer over its illumination history is equal to the minimum range xh experienced when the relative velocity between the aerial radar and the ground is effectively
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Accurate Identification, Imaging and Monitoring of Fluid-Saturated Underground Reservoirs

IB-1663 APPLICATIONS OF TECHNOLOGY: • Search for and contouring of gas and oil deposits • Underground water reservoir imaging • Estimation of the size and shape of contamination zones • Monitoring of underground liquid and gas storage • CO2 sequestration problem ADVANTAGES: • Allows characterization of subsurface fluid reservoirs in situations where other approaches fail • Improves imaging of thin, porous saturated layers • Substantially improves the accuracy of ima
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Method and Apparatus for High-Efficiency Direct Contact Condensation

A direct contact condenser having a downward vapor flow chamber and an upward vapor flow chamber, wherein each of the vapor flow chambers includes a plurality of cooling liquid supplying pipes and a vapor-liquid contact medium disposed thereunder to facilitate contact and direct heat exchange between the vapor and cooling liquid. The contact medium includes a plurality of sheets arranged to form vertical interleaved channels or passageways for the vapor and cooling liquid streams. The upward vap
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