Crystallography Patents for Sale or License

Method for the production of a disc comprising gallium nitride, comprises providing a substrate from monocrystalline silicon with a superficial layer of monocrystalline 3C-silicon carbide

The method for the production of a disc comprising gallium nitride, comprises providing a substrate from monocrystalline silicon with a superficial layer of monocrystalline 3C-silicon carbide, epitactically depositing a layer of monocrystalline gallium nitride with a thickness of 50 mu m to 2 mm on the layer of monocrystalline 3C-silicon carbide, and removing the substrate from monocrystalline silicon. The superficial layer is produced from monocrystalline 3C-silicon carbide in which carbon-ions
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Method for Arylating Ring-substituted Phenols and Phenylethers

The present invention relates to a method for producing biphenyl compounds substituted in the ring. The method can be performed in a cost-effective manner and provides good regioselectivity. Functionalized biphenyl compounds are of great interest in particular as pharmaceuticals and plant protection agents and as precursors of such active substances. Said method for producing a compound of the formula (3) is characterized in that a compound of the formula (1) is reacted with a compound of the fo
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NMP-enriched Extract

The present invention relates to a N-methylpyridinium (NMP)-enriched extract of dewaxed trigonelline-containing organic material having a significantly reduced C5HT-content, a method for its production, the use of said NMP- enriched extract of dewaxed trigonelline-containing organic material as a dietary supplement, and to foodstuff containing said extract.
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Method for Producing Aminobiphenylene

The present invention relates to a method for producing substituted aminobiphenylene, in particular 2-aminobiphenylene, and a method for producing (het)acrylic acid amides of such aminobiphenyenes, in particular 2-aminobiphenyene.
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Method for Producing Photo-crosslinkable Nanoparticles in a Continuous Reactor

The present invention relates to a method for producing photo-crosslinkable polymer nanoparticles having diameters less than or equal to 100 nm and polymer nanoparticle dispersions that can be obtained therefrom. For this purpose, monovinyl compounds are radically copolymerized with divinyl compounds in the presence of an anionic surfactant in a continuous reactor. The monovinyl compounds are, for example, acrylates, methacrylates, styrenes, vinyl acetate, acrylonitrile, monohalogen ethylenes, d
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Method for the Synthesis of A-ring Aromatized Acetyl Minocyclines

The invention relates to a method for the production of A-ring aromatized acetyl minocyclines. The aim of the invention to provide a less complex method for the production of A-ring aromatized acetyl minocyclines of the formula (I), wherein R1 to R5 = acetyl and/or H, which can also be used on an industrial scale, is achieved in that minocycline hydrochloride is reacted with acetanhydride in the presence of a proton catcher, the reaction product is subjected to chromatographic filtration using a
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Transmission diffraction grating with antireflection coating has interrupted top layer for diffracting light, formed on two continuous uninterrupted layers on top of transparent substrate layer

The transmission diffraction grating has a transparent substrate layer (1). A non-diffracting antireflection coating has two continuous uninterrupted layers (2a,2b) formed on the top surface (1a) of the transparent substrate layer. An interrupted top layer (3) for diffracting light is formed on top of the antireflection coating. It consists of strips of transparent material of given thickness (d) given width (s), separated by gaps of equal width. The period (P) of the grating is 50 mu.
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Composite Materials Loaded with Therapeutic and Diagnostic Agents Comprising Polymer Nanoparticles and Polymer Fibers

The invention relates to composite materials comprising polymer nanofibers and polymer nanoparticles, wherein at least one of the two polymer materials is loaded with a substance selected from therapeutic and diagnostic agents. Fibers and nanoparticles can comprise identical or different polymers; the polymer materials are, however, biocompatible in every case. Therapeutic and diagnostic agents can be hydrophilic or lipophilic and the two polymer materials likewise. The at least one polymer mate
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Laser-irradiated Thin Films Having Variable Thickness

A crystalline film includes a first crystalline region having a first film thickness and a first crystalline grain structure; and a second crystalline region having a second film thickness and a second crystalline grain structure. The first film thickness is greater than the second film thickness and the first and second film thicknesses are selected to provide a crystalline region having the degree and orientation of crystallization that is desired for a device component.
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Collections of Laterally Crystallized Semiconductor Islands for Use in Thin Film Transistors

Collections of laterally crystallized semiconductor islands for use in thin film transistors and systems and methods for making same are described. A display device includes a plurality of thin film transistors (TFTs) on a substrate, such that the TFTs are spaced apart from each other and each include a channel region that has a crystalline microstructure and a direction along which a channel current flows. The channel region of each of the TFTs contains a crystallographic grain that spans the l
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Multilevel laser medium has layer that is made of laser material, which is excited to stimulate emission on laser wavelength, and has another layer that is made of absorber material that works to abso

The multilevel laser medium has a layer (3) that is made of a laser material, which is excited to stimulate emission on a laser wavelength, and has another layer (1) that is made of an absorber material that works to absorb the same wavelength. The two layers are optically coupled together directly or over an intermediate layer (2). The entire layer structure has five-angular form, and extends perpendicularly to the cross section over a desired length. An independent claim is included for gadoli
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Surface-modified structures, useful e.g. in optical or catalytic applications, comprise substrate, e.g. of glass, silicate primary coating and secondary coating, e.g. of metal

A novel surface-modified structure (I) comprises (a) a substrate, (b) a silicate primary coating and (c) a secondary coating and/or particles containing element(s) other than silica and oxygen. The chemical composition of (b) differs from that of (a) and (c). Either (b) is located between (a) and (c); or (b) and (c) together form a gradient coating, having the compositions of (b) and (c) on the sides facing towards and away from (a) respectively. Independent claims are included for: (1) a surfac
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Inhibitors of the Myelin-associated Glycoprotein (mag)

The invention relates to a composition having the general structure (formula), wherein R1 is a hydrophobic group, R2 is hydrogen (H), a cation or an alkyl ester, R3 is hydrogen (H) or a group that can be converted into the hydroxy group under physiological conditions, R4 is a hydrophobic group, R5 is hydrogen (H) or an alkyl group, an amino acid residue or a peptidyl residue, R6 is hydrogen (H), a cation, a hydrolyzable group, an amino acid residue, or a peptide group, and X is an oxygen atom (O
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Method for Producing Phosphate-bridged Nucleoside Conjugates

The invention relates to a method for producing phosphate-bridged nucleoside conjugates. In the method a nucleophile is first dissolved in a non-aqueous solvent and dried, and a cyclosaligenyl phosphate compound is subsequently added to the solution.
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Method for locally modifying the elasticity of a substrate designed for the growth of cells thereon

The present invention describes a method for locally modifying the elasticity of an elastic substrate (1) designed for the growth of living cells thereon and/or therein, comprising: emitting laser radiation (2a) by a laser (2), locally depositing energy in at least one designated spatial area located inside and/or on the surface of the substrate (1) by focusing (F) the emitted laser radiation (2a) onto at least one spatial area, wherein the amount of locally deposited energy is sufficient to loc
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Single crystal conversion process

A solid state method for converting polycrystalline alumina components to single crystal or sapphire. The single crystal conversion method includes sintering a pre-fired polycrystalline alumina component doped with a magnesia sintering aid in an atmosphere containing a gas mixture of hydrogen and an inert gas, such as nitrogen in one embodiment. A sintering temperature is selected that preferably depends on the percentage of hydrogen selected. The component is held at the sintering temperature f
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Crystal Structure of a MarR Family Polypeptide

The crystal structure of the product, crystals of the MarR protein, a regulator of multiple antibiotic resistance in Escherichia coli, and methods of crystallization of the MarR protein are described.
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Production of polyazol composites

Producing polyazole-composite (I) from polyazole homopolymers and/or polyazole-copolymers by a polycondensation reaction of a monomer A comprising hydrazine and/or its derivative and monomer B comprising dicarboxylic acid and/or its derivatives with a filler, comprises: (a) functionalizing the filler in a condensation agent, preferably phosphoric acid by heating under inert gas atmosphere; (b) mixing the monomers (A) and (B) with a mixture of step (a) to a solution; (c) heating the solution unde
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Systems and Methods for Determining Process Conditions in Confined Volumes

Systems and methods for the determination of properties in confined volumes are generally described. Generally, a gradient in at least one parameter (e.g., temperature) may be established across a plurality of confined volumes. In addition, at least one property (e.g., whether a crystal has been formed in the confined volume) of an interaction in at least one confined volume may be determined. In some embodiments, based upon the property determining step, a relationship between at least one para
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Crystal Structure of PfA-M1 and the Pfa-mi Co4 Complex

The invention relates to the X-ray crystal structure of PfA-M1 aminopeptidase alone, and in complex with the phosphinate dipeptide analogue hPheP[CH2]Phe. More specifically the present invention provides the structure coordinates of PfA-M1 and PfA-M1 in complex with Co4. The invention also includes the use of the X-ray crystal structures as drug target models for anti-malarial drug design and a method for identifying or designing novel anti-malarial drugs, for example using high-throughput chemi
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Liquid Crystal Composition and Method of Use

The present invention provides a method, system and composition for controlled compound delivery, the composition comprising a liquid crystal carrier and a compound to be delivered. An external stimulus can be applied to control transition of the liquid crystal from a first phase having a first capacity for retention of the compound to a second phase having a second capacity for retention of the compound. The 'capacity for retention1 is the ability of the liquid crystalline matrix to reduce the
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Method of Fabricating a Structure from Diamond Material Or Diamond-like Carbon Material

A method of fabricating a structure from diamond material or diamond-like carbon material, and a structure according to the method, the method comprising the steps of imposing a structural transformation on the crystallographic structure of the material in a first region located at a first depth below a surface of the material; imposing a structural transformation on the crystallographic structure of the material in a second region located at a second depth below the surface of the material and
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Photonic Crystal Structure and Method of Formation Thereof

The invention provides a method of forming a photonic crystal structure by means of a polymerisable material comprising the steps of: forming a layer of the polymerisable material, the polymerisable material being arranged to experience photoinduced mass transfer upon irradiation with optical radiation; and exposing the polymerisable material to said optical radiation at locations corresponding to a photonic crystal structure to be patterned thereby to form said structure by photoinduced mass tr
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Phase Change Devices and Methods for their Manufacture

A phase change memory element can be temperature-controlled in order to change the crystal structure of at least a part of the memory element from a first structure (amorphous) to a second structure (crystalline), these structures having different electrical resistivity. A templating interface is provided in contact with the phase change memory element to promote, on phase change of the element, the crystallization of at least a part of the phase change element into the second structure. The sec
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Oligosiloxane Modified Liquid Crystal Formulations and Devices Using Same

A liquid crystal formulation is described. The liquid crystal formulation comprises a first oligosiloxane-modified nano-phase segregating liquid crystalline material; and at least one additional material selected from a second oligosiloxane-modified nano-phase segregating liquid crystalline material, non-liquid crystalline oligosiloxane-modified materials, organic liquid crystalline materials, or organic non-liquid crystalline materials, wherein the liquid crystal formulation is nano-phase segre
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