Agriculture Patents for Sale or License

Detection of Signaling Molecules in a Biological Environment

This Patent focus on the detection of bacteria and other pathogens within the medical or agricultural areas. The detection uses a unique method of detecting in real-time, in situ, the Quorum Sensing signaling molecules rather than the bacteria itself.
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Detection of Signaling Molecules in a Biological Environment

This Patent focus on the detection of bacteria and other pathogens within the medical or agricultural areas. The detection uses a unique method of detecting in real-time, in situ (within the field or on a person), the Quorum Sensing signaling molecules rather than the bacteria itself. These signaling molecules are much smaller than the bacteria, diffuse much more readily within the environment and identify only live bacteria. This technology could also be useful for Quorum Quenching methods whe
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Cutting Device

A cutting device that can be used, among other things, for efficiently removing items such as trees and vegetation by cutting the subterranean root systems in situ with a powered blade system. Among other uses, the cutting device may be implemented and deployed as a powered multi-blade device with cyclic, reciprocating or ellipsoid cutting action that severs root and other comparable matter such as cabling in situ, without having to drag same to the surface. Across the US and EU there are more
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Subterranean Material Dispensing Apparatus and Method

A material dispensing device delivers material directly into the ground. According to one embodiment of the material dispensing device, the device comprises an elongated hollow shaft, a receptacle, a helical flange and on or more openings formed in the shaft or helical flanges. The receptacle is disposed adjacent one end of the shaft for holding material. The receptacle is communicatively open to the shaft such that the material or a liquid-material mixture dissolved from at least a port
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Energy Efficient Lighting Apparatus and (Horticulture) Use Thereof

What is claimed is: 1. A lighting apparatus for providing substantially uniform light distribution, the apparatus comprising: an elongate reflector housing with an inner surface having a substantially constant profile in cross section which is generally concave, an optical center being defined at a geometric focus of the profile of the inner surface; at least one light source positioned within the elongate reflector housing, said at least one light source having a geometric center situated spa
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Method and Device for Assessing the Level of Microbial Activity of Soil

The invention concerns a method, a device and a related kit for assessing the level of microbial activity of a substrate, for example cultivated soil, biomass and other environments where there is an enzymatic activity, based on the biodegradation of a material that allows the detection of the same. Various applications of the method and the device are described. An important sector for application is agriculture. Pub. No.: WO/2012/140523 International Application No.: PCT/IB2012/00115 In
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Improved Pet Leash Device

An apparatus, method, and means to increase safety and convenience of pet leashes comprising of an electrical generator, power storage device, and electronic accessories.
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Pathogen derived effectors and their use in enhancing plant resistance to pathogens, insect pests and freezing stress

ABSTRACT Method for producing transgenic plants that are resistant to at least one pathogen and one insect pest are provided. Plants expressing a pathogen-derived effector that are resistant to at least one pathogen, at least one insect pest, and freezing stress are provided. Genes and gene sequences comprising pathogen-derived effectors chosen as to not trigger the hypersensitive response and to be capable of enhancing gene silencing on a given plant are also provided, as well as plants, plan
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On Site Carbon Dioxide Generation

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Methods and Compositions for Selecting Soybean Plants Resistant to Southern Root Knot Nematode

The present invention is in the field of plant breeding and disease resistance. More specifically, the invention includes a method for breeding soybean plants containing one or more quantitative trait loci (QTL) associated with resistance to Southern Root Knot Nematode (SRKN). The invention further provides germplasm and the use of germplasm containing QTL conferring disease resistance for introgression into elite germplasm in a breeding program, thus producing novel elite germplasm comprising o
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Methods to Identify Soybean Aphid Resistant Quantitative Trait Loci in Soybean and Compositions Thereof

The present invention is in the field of plant breeding and aphid resistance. More specifically, the invention includes a method for breeding soybean plants containing quantitative trait loci that are associated with resistance to aphids, Aphis glycines. The invention further includes method for monitoring the introgression quantitative trait loci (QTL) conferring aphid resistance into elite germplasm in a breeding program.
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Plant Production and Delivery System for Recombinant Proteins As Protein-flour Or Protein-oil Compositions

The present invention relates to a plant flour material comprising a ground, dried plant material, wherein the plant material contains a recombinant protein comprises a bactericidal or an insecticidal protein toxin, or combinations thereof. The present invention further relates to a seed oil body composition comprising a seed oil body fusion, said oil body fusion comprising an oil body protein fused to a recombinant protein comprising a bactericidal or an insecticidal protein toxin. The present
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Switchgrass Cultivar EG1101

A switchgrass cultivar designated EG1101 is disclosed. Also disclosed are seeds of switchgrass cultivar EG1101, plants of switchgrass EG1101, plant parts of switchgrass cultivar EG1101 and methods for producing a switchgrass plant produced by crossing switchgrass cultivar EG1101 with itself or with another switchgrass variety. Methods are also described for producing a switchgrass plant containing in its genetic material one or more transgenes and to the transgenic switchgrass plants and plant p
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Compositions and Methods Useful for Site-directed Recombination in Plants.

This invention relates generally to useful compositions and methods related to plant site-directed recombination. In particular, the invention relates to novel nucleic acid sequences unique to a portion of the sorghum NBS-LRR region, as well as vectors, seeds, plant parts and plants comprising these sequences. Methods to investigate recombination co-factors, and methods to investigate potential herbicides are within the scope. This invention also relates to fungal pathogens of sorghum, particula
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Nematode Resistant Transgenic Plants

Compositions and methods for providing nematode resistance are provided. One aspect provides transgenic plants or cells comprising an inhibitory nucleic acid specific for one or more nematode esophageal polypeptides. Other aspects provide transgenic plants or cells resistant to at least two different root-knot nematode species.
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Pennisetum 'Tift-23'

The new variety Pennisetum 'Tift-23' is provided. The new and distinct variety has increased tillers under drought conditions; superior Helminthosporium leaf spot resistance; high ornamental value; narrow canopy; narrow base; and narrow leaves. The asexually reproduced inter-specific variety is reliably propagated vegetatively.
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Southern Highbush Blueberry Plant Named 'TH-682'

The new variety 'TH-682' is provided. The new and distinct variety ripens early compared to rabbiteye varieties generally available to homeowners and produces an abundance of attractive, light blue fruit that are generally large and have good flavor. The plant of the new variety 'TH-682' is vigorous, produces an attractive fall foliage color and is estimated to have a chilling requirement of approximately 500 to 550 hours below approximately 45 DEG F. The asexually reproduced variety is reliably
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Biological-based Catalyst to Delay Plant Development Processes

The present invention is directed to methods for delaying a plant development process comprising exposing a plant or plant part to one or more bacteria or enzymes. In specific embodiments, the one or more bacteria are selected from the group consisting of Rhodococcus spp., Pseudomonas chloroaphis, Brevibacterium ketoglutamicum, and a mixture comprising any combination of these bacteria. Apparatuses for delaying a plant development process comprising a catalyst that comprises one or more of the a
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Induction and Stabilization of Enzymatic Activity in Microorganisms

Provided herein are methods for inducing and stabilizing an enzyme activity. Optionally, the enzyme is in a microorganism capable of producing the enzyme. In some embodiments, the enzyme can be nitrile hydratase, amidase, or asparaginase I. Provided are compositions comprising enzymes or microorganisms having induced and/or stabilized activity. Also provided are methods of delaying a plant development process by exposing a plant or plant part to the enzymes or microorganisms having induced and/o
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Development of Herbicide-resistant Grass Species

The invention relates to a selected and cultured ACCase inhibitor herbicide-resistant plant -resistant plant from the group Panicodae, or tissue, seed, or progeny thereof, and methods of selecting the same. The invention also relates to methods for controlling weeds in the vicinity of an ACCase inhibitor herbicide-resistant plant.
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Non-invasive Methods and Apparatus for Detecting Insect-induced Damage in a Plant

Lesions caused by insects feeding on plants are associated with the generation of regions of blue-green fluorescence in such as the cotton boll carpel wall and in the lint region. The present disclosure now provides methods and devices to rapidly and non-invasively detect and measure the insect-related fluorescence and relate the fluorescence generated to the likelihood of insect damage in a crop. In particular, the methods are related to stink bug damage in the cotton plant, but are also suitab
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Removing organic residue from natural or artificial kerogen containing silicate-carbonate material, useful e.g. in field of biotechnology, comprises applying alternating electric or magnetic field or

Removing organic residue from natural or artificial kerogen containing silicate-carbonate material, comprises applying an alternating electric or magnetic field or an alternating pressure field.
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Preparing a granular carbonate-silicate material, useful e.g. agriculture, comprises adding a carbonate-containing liquid and an organic component to a silicate-containing material, and heating the si

Preparing a granular carbonate-silicate material, comprises adding a carbonate-containing liquid and an organic component to a silicate-containing material, and heating the silicate-containing material to 250-400[deg] C. An independent claim is also included for the carbonate-silicate material comprising 5-20% of the mass fraction of the organic component, where the organic component does not comprise algae.
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Agent, useful for soil improvement, in agriculture and land recultivation, comprises phosphate-containing sludge of the processing residues obtained during the wet processing of phosphate ores

Agent comprises phosphate-containing sludge of the processing residues obtained during the wet processing of phosphate ores. An independent claim is also included for the soil improvement by phosphate addition, comprising mixing a soil-type dependent component of the phosphate sludge to the soil. - ACTIVITY : Fertilizer. Test details are described but no results given. - MECHANISM OF ACTION : None given.
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Rotor Blade Design for a Wells Turbine

The invention relates to a Wells turbine, comprising - a hub with a plurality of rotor blades with a profile of a teardrop-shaped nose based, symmetric profile The rotor blades have a Auffädellinie, whose course in the rotation plane of the wells to a turbine rotor blade to the respective associated radial jet at least in parts of the radial extent of the blade is different.
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Radio Guided Seed Localization of Imaged Lesions

A method of removing lesions by implanting a radioactive seed at the location of the lesion, locating the lesion with the radioactive seed, and removing the lesion with the radioactive seed.
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Methods for Producing Fertile Crosses between Wild and Domestic Soybean Species

Methods for producing hybrids between domestic and wild soybean that are fertile and can be further bred with other soybean plants are provided, thus allowing transfer of desirable traits and genes from the wild soybean into the domestic soybean. This invention also provides novel media for producing callus and multiple somatic embryos, as well as novel media for producing multiple shoots from the embryos. The hybrid plants are made fertile by colchicine treatment to double their chromosome numb
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High Lift Mower for Plastic Mulch

A high-lift mower is disclosed. The mower includes a frame, at least two wheels disposed along opposite sides of the frame and having a space between them, and a blade rotation mechanism, mounted to the frame, for providing a rotational force relative to the frame. A blade assembly is coupled to the blade rotation means. The blade assembly comprises a plurality of cutting blades. Each of the plurality of blades includes a front face having a cutting blade and a rear face disposed away from the f
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Alteration of Phospholipase De (plde) Or Phospholipase Da3 (pld A3) Expression in Plants

Transgenic plants and seeds with altered expression of phospholipase De (PLDe) are described, i.e., plants and seeds either overexpressing or underexpressing PLDe. Methods for producing such transgenic plants and for increasing a plant's ability to capture and utilize nitrogen, increasing a plant's biomass production, increasing the yield of a plant or increasing a plant's ability to grow under hyperosmotic stress by overexpressing PLDe are also disclosed. Further disclosed are transgenic plants
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Methods of Insect Control By Inhibiting Or Modulating the Trpa1 Ion Gated Channel Or Family Members

The present invention is directed towards methods of inhibiting thermo- and chemo-sensing in insects and pests by inhibiting TRPA1 ion gated channel or family members. The present invention is also directed towards methods of insect control by modulating the TRPA1 ion gated channel or family members. The methods are applicable to a wide variety of insects and pests including agricultural and horticultural pests.
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Method for Controlling Flower Development in Plants

The present invention provides a method of controlling the sexuality of a plant comprising treating the plant with a composition comprising a compound selected from the group consisting of jasmonic acid, a jasmonic acid derivative, and a salt thereof.
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Use of Menadione to Increase Saline Stress Tolerance in Plants

The invention relates to the use of compositions containing menadione (vitamin K3 or pro-vitamin K) and/or some of the water-soluble derivatives thereof in order to improve saline stress tolerance in affected plants. The treatment comprises the application of solutions containing the aforementioned compounds by any means by which the compositions are brought into contact with any part of the plant and/or seeds.
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Tank for Collecting Rainwater for Watering Purposes with a Nurse-plant-like Protective Effect

Device for protecting and watering plants that comprises a cylindrical structure with a mesh sunshade and a water tank with a concave cover, and with a check valve that allows rainwater to enter by gravity, said tank being connected to a drip-watering tube that may be controlled by a timer or delayed-discharge device, with the option to install a photosensitive mechanism. The tank may have an awning-type extension made of microperforated material, and may be connected in series with other, simil
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Dendrometer

The invention relates to a dendrometer based on a linear positioning sensor which transforms variations of the position of its corresponding piston, which is in contact with the plant, into voltage differences captured by an electronic recorder connected to the sensor, in the vicinity of same, by means of a cable consisting of three high-impedance wires, in such a way that the reading of the radial variations of the plant studied or measured is taken in volts, the ratio between voltage and lengt
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Herbicide Compound

The invention relates to the use of guazatine as a herbicide, and to a herbicidal method comprising the application of an effective amount of a composition containing guazatine to plants, especially the organs and seeds of plants.
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Precision Weeders

The invention provides a method for intra-row and/or inter-row weeding of crop plants, and a controller and apparatus for achieving the same. The method is for tilling the soil between crop plants using a rotor device with a rotating tine rotor having a tine offset from an axis of rotation, a rotational speed and a translational speed. It includes the steps of: (i) predicting a trajectory of the tine; and (ii) if the minimum distance between the predicted trajectory and a crop plant position is
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Precision Seeders

The invention provides a seed metering mechanism and a method for controlling the seed metering mechanism. The seed metering mechanism includes a seed metering disc (10) that rotates to drop a plurality of seeds in succession. The rotational speed of the seed metering disc (10) between successive seed drops is varied to control the seed spacing independently of the forward velocity of the seeder (4) whilst maintaining zero ground speed effect when the seeds are dropped. The variation of the spee
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Reverse Osmosis Irrigation

A plant watering device (10) is disclosed. The device (10) has a preferentially water permeable membrane (12) arranged to separate a supply of water (22) from a root system (24) of a plant. The membrane is arranged to allow water (22) to permeate to water the roots (24).
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Agricultural Treatment

A method for the control of microorganisms, fungi or oomycetes in agriculture, said method comprising applying to plants or to the environment thereof, an anti-microbial, anti-fungal or anti-oomycetes effective amount of a combination of: <SL> <LI>(i) an agriculturally acceptable acidifying agent, and <LI>(ii) an agriculturally acceptable source of nitrite ions or a nitrate precursor thereof, wherein the combination of (i) and (ii) acts as a source of nitric oxide. </SL> The acceptable acidifyin
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Improvements in and Relating to Plant Protection

The invention provides seed treatment compositions as well as their use, methods for treating seeds, methods of protecting plants against pests and also treated seeds and plants. In one embodiment there is provided a method of treating a seed with a seed treatment composition to induce a plant resistance mechanism against one or more pests in a plant grown from said seed.
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A Plant Protecting Device

The present invention provides a plant protection device (10), for example for use with young plants (P) or vines or the like, which consists of a mulch base (16) through which the plant projects directly from the ground, and to which base is fixed a transparent cylindrical sidewall (12) which surrounds the plant (P), and from the top of which the plant (P) can extend in order to allow unhindered growth.
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Modified Xylan Production

Methods and means for producing xylan structures in plants having a non-native saccharide moiety substitution side chain component, plants and plant cells comprising modified xylan structures, methods of identifying mutant plants comprising xylan structures in plants having a non-native saccharide moiety substitution pattern side chain component, uses thereof, and isolated xylan structures and uses thereof.
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Cytokinin Riboside Phosphorylase from Potato and Its Use

Method of obtaining transformed tuber-producing plants comprising cytokinin ribose phosphorylase nucleic acid sequences that effect altered tuberisation patterns from tuber precursor structures such as the stolon tip in stolon-producing plants or altered patterns of sprouting from dormant shoot buds on tubers at germination, transformed plant cells produced by such methods and transformed plants derived therefrom, nucleic acid sequences, vectors and constructs therefore, proteins, and uses there
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Silaging aid for use with green fodder contains lactic acid-produced bacteria and an inhibitor against Clostridium activity

A silaging aid comprising lactic acid-produced bacteria and an inhibitor against Clostridium, is new. An Independent claim is also included for treatment of green fodder to be ensilaged, the treatment involving addition of lactic acid-produced bacteria and an inhibitor against Clostridium.
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Compression determining method for agricultural horizontal silo, involves considering characteristics of agricultural goods in horizontal silo during determination of local compression, and detecting

The method involves determining local compression achieved by repeated riding of a silo surface with a compressor vehicle. A position of the compressor vehicle is detected using optical and Global positioning systemdetermination during each riding of the silo surface and is fed to a controller together with detected sensor signals. The characteristics of agricultural goods in a horizontal silo are considered during determination of the compression. Dried substance content is considered during th
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Preparing mineral organic fertilizer from process water of hydrothermal carbonization of plant material comprises separating carbon and organic residual components from process water and isolating min

Preparing mineral organic fertilizer from process water of the hydrothermal carbonization of plant material, comprises separating carbon and organic residual components from the process water and isolating the mineral components from the process water by drying. An independent claim is included for the organic fertilizer produced by the above method. - ACTIVITY : Fertilizer. - MECHANISM OF ACTION : None given.
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New Yeast Strain for Ethanol Fermentaion Acceleration and Side Effect Elimination

Diacetyl, a four carbon diketone, as an off-flavour component costs the brewing industry millions of dollars annually through impeded productivity. In my research, effects of the ILV5 gene expression in the yeast on the diacetyl content in wine were studied. The yeast ilv5 gene was amplified and fused to yeast specific promoter, which was introduced into S. cerevisiae . The recombinant yeast showed 3-4 fold increase in the reductoisomerase activity compared with that in the strain TCY15 used
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Precision Particles for Controlled Release

BACKGROUND Current particle encapsulation technologies are often inadequate, producing a broad particle size distribution and having many complicated steps. The need for uniform particle production methods is great; uniformity allows for efficient and specific release profiles and a higher rate of utilization of all production materials. DESCRIPTION Precision Particle Fabrication (PPF) technology, owned by our company, produces uniform microparticles or microcapsules exhibiting a narro
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Peptide Enhancing Plant Pathogen Resistance

Tech ID: 11175 / UC Case 2009-480-0 Full Description Innate immunity is the first line of defense against pathogen attack. A plant or animal’s innate immune system is triggered only when its pathogen (or pattern) recognition receptors (PRRs) recognize pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs). While PRRs play a significant role in triggering innate immunity in plants and animals, the PAMPs recognized by the receptors have not been well characterized. Researchers at the Univers
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Transgenic Plants with Increased Tolerance for Stress and Pathogens

Tech ID: 11283 / UC Case 2000-285-0 Abstract Transgenic Plants with Increased Tolerance for Stress and Pathogens Full Description X99 is an animal-derived gene. When expressed in plants, X99 confers markedly increased tolerance to both abiotic stress and pathogens. Experimental results show that X99 plants are more tolerant to: * Heat stress * Salinity * Fungal infection and fungal toxins * Herbicides Although they have greatly increased stress and pathogen tole
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Enhance Glucosinolates in Plants

Tech ID: 11379 / UC Case 2001-463-0 Abstract Isolation of Key Gene Related to Dietary Cancer Prevention Full Description A key gene related to dietary cancer prevention has been isolated by University of California, Davis researchers. Cancer prevention linked to the consumption of cruciferous vegetables has long been established. The high levels of compounds known as glucosinolates in cruciferous plants are the basis of their anticarcinogenic action, which works by inducing enzymes that
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Systemic Small RNA Signaling Systems in Plants

Tech ID: 11334 / UC Case 2003-555-0 Abstract Systemic Small RNA Signaling Systems in Plants Full Description A Systemic Small RNA Signaling System in plants has been developed by University of California, Davis researchers, working with researchers from AgriGenesis. This research provides a foundation for the manipulation of the pathways and mechanisms utilized by plants to exert long-distance control over epigenetic events. Systemic translocation of RNA exerts non-cell-autonomous epi
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Processing and Application of Cereal Processing Byproduct-Based Adhesives

Tech ID: 11321 / UC Case 2004-311-0 Abstract Processing and Application of Cereal Processing Byproduct-based Adhesives Full Description A novel processing and application method for cereal processing byproduct-based adhesives has been developed by researchers at the University of California, Davis. Rice bran, a by-product of rice milling, is mainly used as animal feed with low economic value. New processing applications can serve to increase its value. In this invention, rice bran is
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Cucumber Mosaic Virus Inducible Viral Amplicon (CMVIVA) Expression System

Tech ID: 11438 / UC Case 2006-640-0 Abstract A Chemically Inducible Cucumber Mosaic Virus Amplicon Expression System for Production of Recombinant Proteins in Plant-Based Systems Full Description Plant cell cultures and transgenic plants have been developing as a potential platform for production of recombinant proteins, particularly playing an increasingly important role in production of human therapeutics. However, efficient expression systems that can be tightly regulated are curre
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Improved Regeneration and Transformation of Cotton

Tech ID: 11402 / UC Case 1998-189-0 Abstract Improved Regeneration and Transformation of Cotton Full Description New and improved somatic embryogenesis methods of regeneration and transformation of cotton have been developed by UC Davis investigators. This unique system for generating transgenic cotton in elite genetic backgrounds is efficient and near genotype-independent. This system: * Improves the initial induction media; * Decreases recovery of transgenic plantlets to several m
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Improved Cotton Fiber Yield and Quality

Tech ID: 11400 / UC Case 1999-158-0 Abstract Characterization of cotton transcription factors to improve cotton fiber yield and quality Full Description University of California, Davis researchers have characterized cotton transcription factors essential to controlling cotton fiber gene expression, of such traits as yield, length, fineness, uniformity and strength. The transcription factors offer an opportunity to create novel transgenic cotton plants with needed improvements in fib
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Invert Emulsions for Biological Control and Stabilization of Microalgae

Tech ID: 11309 / UC Case 2004-641-0 Abstract Storage of Microalgae Full Description Researchers at the University of California have developed a new type of water-in-oil emulsion formulation that ensures longer, more stable shelf life for improved storage and augmentation of microorganisms in environmental systems. These include delivery of microbial agents for the control of plant pathogens and insects (biocontrol agents) and augmentation of microalgae in open pond production processes su
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Genetic Construct Functions as a Transcriptional Activator that Enhances Disease Resistance

Tech ID: 11210 / UC Case 2008-587-0 Abstract Genetic Construct Functions as a Transcriptional Activator that Enhances Disease Resistance Full Description Systemic acquired resistance (SAR) is an induced defense response in plants; it induces expression of pathogenesis-related (PR) genes and confers lasting broad-spectrum resistance to viral, bacterial and fungal pathogens. Researchers at the University of California, Davis have developed an invention that enhances induction of PR gene
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Sequential Sampling within a Portable Computing Environment

BACKGROUND: In industrial, agricultural, and warehouse/retail settings, there are many situations where sequential sampling and hypothesis testing could markedly improve productivity and quality control. However, the underlying mathematics can be very complicated, leading to very high computing requirements. Also, the logistics of sequential data collection is difficult. Thus, existing systems typically use simplified protocols (e.g. fixed sample sizes) or use advanced hardware that is relativel
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A Novel Class of Pre-Emergent Herbicides

The University of California is seeking industrial partners to commercialize a novel class of herbicidal compounds, the DHC’s. The DHC’s were developed by a major producer of ag chemicals. This company decided to follow different leads and recently donated patents applications claiming the DHC’s as well as a significant amount of DHC formulation and test data to the University of California. The DHC’s show great promise as pre-emergent herbicides in numerous crops. Testing has identif
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A Chemical Enhancer of Net Photosynthesis

A University of California researcher has isolated genes (described in PCT application #WO00029607A1) from the soil bacterium Sinorhizobium meliloti (a symbiont naturally found with alfalfa) that produce a molecule that increases net photosynthesis by 25% to 30% within 20 hours after being applied to alfalfa roots. Shoots of treated plants show a 10% increase in dry weight within two weeks. The UC molecule and its associated genes are a previously unknown mechanism for the bacterial promotion
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A Methyl Bromide Substitute for Agricultural Use

Methyl bromide is extremely important to United States and World agriculture (64,000,000 lbs. used in the U.S. in 1990), and is the most widely used and efficacious general-purpose fumigant in the world. It has extensive applications in soil fumigation, quarantine treatment of exports and imports, post-harvest commodity fumigation, and as a structural fumigant for wood-destroying organisms. Under the terms of the Montreal protocol of 1991 and subsequent amendments, and under current federal law
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Glucanase Regulation of Plant Growth and Development

Hydrolysis of the polysaccharides that compose plant cell walls is critical to cell expansion, and is therefore a key process in governing the growth and development of plants. Specifically, beta-glucan polymers form a ubiquitous matrix in plant cell walls, forming a molecular fabric around cells that must be loosened and broken down before a cell can expand. Since there is a dynamic balance between beta-glucan polymerization and depolymerization, subtle changes in the glucanase enzymes that cat
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Commercial Auxin Substitute

A University of California researcher has identified a low-cost, non-toxic compound that can be exogenously applied to plants as foliar sprays to annual vegetable and perennial tree crops under commercial production to elicit an auxin response. Currently, various auxin derivatives are used for this purpose (notably 2,4-D), but they are mutagenic and carcinogenic, which has made the use of such compounds in agricultural applications unacceptable to consumers in a number of European and Pacific-ri
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Prevention of Browning in Fruits and Vegetables

Bruising or other mechanical wounding of fruits and vegetables cause many post-harvest problems; including the browning of injured and adjacent tissue. Currently, the only way to control browning induced by mechanical wounding is with refrigeration or chemical treatment. While these treatments slow down browning, such procedures can add significantly to costs and may have a negative effect on product quality; e.g. they may leave chemical residues and alter texture. University of California sc
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Seed Size Regulation using Parent-Specific Hypomethylation

BACKGROUND: In plants, hypomethlyation of genomic DNA helps regulate seed size. At present, antisense MET1 transgenic plants can be used for creating seeds with increased size and weight. However, the dominant nature of MET1 means that a parent's genome, the genome of its gametophytes, and both sets of chromosomes inherited by the seed (maternal and paternal) are all hypomethylated. Hypomethylation of both sets of chromosomes causes reduced fertility and makes it impossible for a plant geneticis
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Edible Protective Food Coatings

Highlights Edible, biodegradable hydrocolloid film coating for shelf-life extension and improvement of the appearance of food and agricultural products Two different types of coatings have been developed: a very thin, film like, coating and a chaotic, unstructured, coating Preserves freshness and appearance of, and prevents insect attack from, mushrooms, fresh and dry garlic, flower corms and more Coatings can be adapted for products with various surface properties Our Innovation These ne
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Hydrocolloid Sponges

Highlights A single hydrocolloid (water-soluble polymer) or a combination of hydrocolloids is used to produce hydrocolloid sponges (cellular solids) Versatile basis for range of manufacturers who can adapt properties to product requirements Sponges routinely produced in laboratory Wide range of applications: functional food, medicine, agriculture, environment, packaging Our Innovation An assortment of methods to produce hydrocolloid sponges that are dry, porous, tasteless, and colorless.
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Preventing Photodegradation of Pesticides

Slow release formulations of pesticides Abstract Slow-Release agrochemical formulations for the prevention of leaching and contamination of soil and ground water, are described. The agrochemicals are organic compounds with non-ionic and non polar molecular structures, which are adsorbed to clays whose surface properties have been transformed from hydrophilic to hydrophobic by previous adsorption of an organic cation, usually of quaternary ammonium structure, having at least one aryl group at
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Featherless Broilers

Background Current commercial broilers require low temperatures for fast growth and high meat yield Hot conditions significantly reduce the efficiency, or increase the costs, of broiler production Featherless broilers easily dissipate excess body heat, avoiding the need for costly cooling or ventilation (even at high stocking densities), allowing sustainable, low-cost production Our Innovation Development of a unique stock of fast-growing
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Herbicides Inhibiting Plant Acetyl-CoA Carboxylase for Insect Reproductive Management

Highlights Inhibitor is selected from aryloxyphenoxypropionates in free acid, ester or salt form, and cyclohexanediones or salts and mixtures thereof To be formulated with a suitable carrier, including an insect attractant and/or phagostimulant Non-toxic: Suitable for use in an agricultural unit, grain or crop storage area, or in areas with animals, according to the chemical registration Our Innovation Inhibition of female sex pheromone production Inhibitors are selected from aryloxyphenox
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Control of Color and Fragrance in Carnations

Highlights The carnation (Dianthus caryophyllus L.) is a vegetatively propagated crop, very detrimentally affected by inbreeding Carnations are leading ornamentals in the world flower market and their genetic modification is a highly desirable goal for both researchers and commercial companies. This innovative method offers an efficient, straightforward and reproducible alternative for generating carnation flowers in a variety of colors and with enhanced fragrance. Our Innovation Three exp
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Enhanced Growth of Transgenic Crop Plants

Highlights Use of cyanobacterial gene (from algae) improves efficiency of photosynthesis in crop plants Plants in the C3 grouping—wheat, rice, barley, potatoes, tomatoes, cabbage, flowering ornamentals, and others—expected to respond strongly to the cyanobacterial gene Enhances growth, especially in low humidity environments typical of agricultural field conditions in many parts of the world Seeds of transgenic plants expected to have enormous value to seed companies and farmers growing r
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Hydrocolloid Carriers with Filler Material

Highlights Composite carriers (capsules) with improved mechanical properties Inert filler material improves carrier properties and controls release rate of bioactive components Controlled release of agents used in pest control, herbicides, and fertilizers; active agents in food industry Preparation of carriers for embedding nutraceuticals such as vitamins, preservatives, pigments, and flavor enhancing compounds; active agents in chemical industries and biotechnology Our Innovation Technolo
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Viability of Microorganisms Entrapped in Dried Cellular Hydrocolloid Carriers Under Ultraviolet Radiation

Highlights There is a need for a method to protect live biological control agents that have been deposited on the ground or sprayed on plants against UV radiation Viable micro organisms are entrapped in dried solid hydrocolloid carriers The hydrocolloid beads are porous, allowing release of products derived from micro organisms to control plant pathogens or of the micro organisms themselves Enables effective, sustained release in field conditions of biological control agents against plant pat
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Iodine Veterinary and Agricultural Applications

Highlights Iodine is a powerful bactericide and fungicide and is active against viruses. Iodine and iodine complex preparations are widely used as disinfectants in veterinary medicine, particularly in the post-milking disinfection of udders. These new preparations are more potent antiseptics than current iodine preparations and have counter-irritating properties. They are useful for treating animals’ skin problems and as general veterinary antiseptics Our Innovation This new formulation
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A Method for Generating Plant Variability

Highlights Method enhances the generation of a spectrum of new variants in a specific plant Creates a high rate of variability that allows subsequent selection of phenotypes with improved traits, e.g., increased resistance to disease or environmental factors or for biofuel production When tested in tobacco plants as a model, created a broad spectrum of phenotypes at a high rate (~20%) via random integration of unique regulatory elements into the genome Our Innovation Specific non-coding DN
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Drought-tolerant Trees

Highlights Molecular breeding, routine in agriculture, has not been widely applied to forest-trees, leaving a need for biotechnology solutions to create superior genotypes and direct introduction of specific traits via genetic engineering. Methods for efficient identification of molecular and metabolic markers, culture and large-scale propagation of forest trees and other species that are resistant to drought, harmful chemicals and other environmental factors. Advanced results in pine, citrus
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Sustained-release Treatment System for Oral Disorders in Pets

Highlights Novel system for coating animals’ teeth with long-lasting varnish capable of sustained delivery of therapeutic ingredients Overcomes problems of compliance with veterinary medications for oral diseases Development of the system in very advanced stage and advanced clinical trials Our Innovation Novel coating system provides sustained release of therapeutic agents for the treatment of oral disorders in companion and farm animals Key Features Provides improved oral hygiene
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Genetically Controlled Carotenoid Production

Highlights Carotenoid-associated proteins (CHRC and CHRD) were isolated from cucumber flowers From these, new genes, promoters and their nucleotide sequences were derived that can be used to produce, accumulate, and sequester high levels of carotenoids in cells. Enables the production of large quantities of carotenoids in an efficient and inexpensive way in any cell, not only those of plant origin. Provides a new way of producing high levels of carotenoids for the production of nutraceuticals
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New Fungi to Control Plant Mites and Powdery Mildew

Highlights Naturally occurring, unmodified fungi as biological pesticides No associated health or environmental problems Trials demonstrate control of citrus mites and grape powdery mildew, resulting in better quality and yields Environment-friendly alternative to chemical pesticides Our Innovation Several new fungus species have been collected in the wild and are being cultured and tested as biological pesticides against various plant mites (Acari) and fungi pathogenic to plants. Key F
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Plants Transformed with a Potato Virus Y Gene

Plants transformed with a potato virus Y gene Abstract The invention relates to chimeric plasmids comprising at least one non-sttural potyvirus gene or fragment thereof, which gene is capable of being expressed in a plant transformed with the chimeric plasmid, the thus transformed plant being resistant to an infection by a plant potyvirus. The invention also relates to vectors comprising a chimeric plasmid according to the invention, particularly microorganisms transformed with the chimeri
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An Expression Silencing System and Different Uses Thereof

Highlights Provides a process for hybridizing plants with selectively altered genomes Transforms a plant cell with a T7 RNA polymerase gene (T7-pol), a NLS sequence, and at least one promoter and at least one terminator sequence Plants are capable of regeneration Suppresses expression of targeted DNA sequences at the post-transcriptional level (RNA silencing) in cells, tissues and organs regenerated from said cells or their progenies Our Innovation Silences targeted sequences in transgenic
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Method for Large Scale Mutagenesis and Gene Knockout in Crop Plants

The present invention relates to a rapid and large-scale production of tomato mutants by utilizing miniature tomato plants which can be crossed with tomato commercial plants. Mutations are induced in the miniature tomato cultivars and desired mutants are subsequently identified in the resulting mutant tomato population.
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Synchronous Ripening of Tomatoes

A method of cultivation of tomatoes resulting in the essentially simultaneous ripening of the entire crop, enabling "one time over" harvesting, saving time and manpower. Sterile tomato plants are cultivated, parthenocarpy is induced by application of a growth regulator. Suitable substances resulting in parthenocarpic fruit set are auxins are auxin transport inhibitors.
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Method of Producing Fruits from Any Commercial Virus-susceptible Tomato By Grafting on Resistant Stocks

Highlights Plants are resistant to tomato yellow leaf curl virus (TYLCV) Eliminates need for insecticides through resistance to whitefly vector Resistance to TYLCV proven across four generations Our Innovation Circulative viruses such as TYLCV strongly bind to GroEL chaperonins produced by the insect vector endosymbiotic bacteria, in vivo and in vitro Whitefly GroEL was expressed in the phloem of tomato plants; upon whitefly-mediated inoculation, GroEL protein produced by the plants was
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Transgenic Plants with Enhanced Resistance to Plant Pathogens

Highlights Demonstrates genetic constructs and amino acid sequences conferring resistance to plant pathogens, especially resistance to Botrytis cinerea, Sphaerotheca fuliginea and the viruses TMV, PVY, YLCV No undesired effects when consumed: Resistance achieved by transfecting plants with sequences naturally occurring in cucumber plants or homologous genes from other plants Facilitates selection of pathogen-resistant plants Research demonstrates that infection on the leaves of plants with in
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Genetically Controlled Carotenoid Production

Highlights Carotenoid-associated proteins (CHRC and CHRD) were isolated from cucumber flowers From these, new genes, promoters and their nucleotide sequences were derived that can be used to produce, accumulate, and sequester high levels of carotenoids in cells. Enables the production of large quantities of carotenoids in an efficient and inexpensive way in any cell, not only those of plant origin. Provides a new way of producing high levels of carotenoids for the production of nutraceuticals
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Plant Scent Enhancement

Highlights Breeding for other qualities has resulted in the loss of scent in many flowers and plants. Genetically enhancing production of scent compounds and changing the plant’s rhythm of volatile scent compound production to a continuous steady state so that daytime scent production is essentially at the same level as nighttime production. Our Innovation Genetic modification leading to an up to tenfold increase in the production of volatile phenylpropanoid compounds, irrespective of th
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Decision Support System for Agrotechnology Transfer (DSSAT)

Description The Decision Support System for Agrotechnology Transfer (DSSAT) is a software package integrating the effects of soil, crop phenotype, weather and management options that allows users to ask "what if" questions and simulate results by conducting, in minutes on a desktop computer, experiments which would consume a significant part of an agronomist's career. It has been in use for more than 15 years by researchers in over 100 countries. DSSAT is a microcomputer software product that
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Human Consumable Essential Oil Highly Toxic to Pest Tephritid Fruit Flies

Description We discovered that an essential oil and its constitutes are very toxic to pest tephritid fruit flies including Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann) (Mediterranean fly), Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel) (oriental fly) and B. cucurbitae (Cocquillett) (melon fly). Pest tephritid fruit flies directly damage crops and are quarantine species. The insecticidal action of the essential oil or its constitutes is very fast (lethal time of 90% population, 15-38 min) and follows a very steep dose-response
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A P. falciparum Merozoite Surface Protein-1 Malaria Vaccine Produced in Transgenic Plants

Description This technology describes a method of producing transgenic tobacco plants that synthesize the complete P. falciparum MSP1 p42 polypeptide. This structure of the plant MSP1 p42 recombinant polypeptide appears to be similar to that obtained from P. falciparum as well as from the baculovirus expression system. Applications Malaria vaccine Main Advantages Production of a malaria vaccine by transgenic plants would reduce raw material costs and make the vaccine more affordable for di
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Efficient Regeneration and Transformation of Banana Using Secondary Somatic Embryogenesis via Microprojectile Bombardment

Description Secondary somatic embryogenesis was established using immature male flower buds of banana cultivar 'Apple' (Musa ssp. AAB group). An average of 75 to 85% of the secondary somatic embryos were regenerated into plantlets. This regeneration system has also been used to develop procedures for the efficient production of 'Apple' banana transgenic plants using microprojectile bombardment-mediated transformation. The bombardment conditions were optimized and fully transformed banana plants
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Synthetic Peptides for Tuberculosis Vaccine and Diagnostic Development

Description A unique and modular bioinformatic process for the discovery of potential peptide vaccines against Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) has been developed by UH researchers. This process is based on the identification of diverse Human Leukocyte Antigens (HLA) involved in the response and protection to Mtb exposure and/or infection. The antigens are selected based on the host HLA genotype, making them designer vaccine peptides. The peptides can be combined in recombinant peptides or used
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Cleanup of Agricultural Wastewater

Description A new way has been developed to treat waste water from agricultural operations such as concentrated animal feeding operations ( CAFOs ). The system reduces pollutants arising from lagoons of dairy and swine manures and other agricultural operations generating waste water. The system uses local materials such as soil and organic materials in a way that enhances the natural cleansing properties of soils. The system is particularly effective in removing phosphorus, nitrogen, and colifor
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Termite Barrier

Description An environmentally acceptable barrier against subterranean termites has been developed and is now available for use. The barrier is formed by placing a four inch layer of a granular material between the building and the ground. A minimum of 60% of the granules in the barrier must have at least one dimension measuring between 1.7 to 2.4 millimeters. The granules should be very hard and dense. Granules with these characteristics form a barrier which the termites cannot move, cannot che
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Altered circadian rhythms regulate growth vigor in hybrids and allopolyploids

Background The ability to manipulate plant gene expression allows for improved yield and quality in many crop and vegetable plants. In fact, genetic improvement and modification of plants may prove to be the answer to the global food crisis. Although the ability to produce plant hybrids with superior characteristics was discovered over a century ago, scientists have yet to elucidate the underlying genetic mechanisms. Strikingly, researchers at UT Austin have found a specific genetic mechanism
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A New Method for the Detection of Food and Grain Pests

Background In the United States alone, insect damage to grains totals almost one billion dollars per year in lost product. Much of this loss results from the lack of adequate methods to detect and quantify early infestations in grain samples. Wheat represents a prime concern, where stored grain is prone to infection by the wheat weevil, Sitophilus granarius, and closely related insects. These insects favor storage vessels, typically used in the wheat industry, that trap and hold grain for long p
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A Method for Enhancing or Defeating the Potential of Ectophosphatases to Influence the Toxin Resistance of Cells

Background Cultivated plants, including food, fiber, and oil crops, are treated with a number of chemical products during their life cycle. These include various insecticides, herbicides, fungicides, and other pesticides. The use of these compounds is often essential to achieve economically relevant production efficiencies; however, each of these products poses environmental and health risks. Therefore, a means to reduce the amount of chemistries applied to crops is urgently needed. Many inve
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Rotating Composter

My design uses forced aeration, combined with rotating for mixing, for complete aerobic decomposition without odor. We have built and sold over 50 of these in various sizes over the last 5 years, and I am ready to retire now and would like to sell the patent, or license in a long term deal. The Canadian patent rights are available also. The largest units built to date are 6 foot diameter and 24 foot long, but I have designed larger units, and also improved the design from what was patented. The
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Centrifuge Permeameter for Unsaturated Soils System

Current testing methods cannot measure the unsaturated hydraulic properties of granular materials simultaneously, and require long testing periods. They are impractical and involve the use of several granular specimens as well as destructive or intrusive measurements of the relevant testing variables. The significantly time-consuming testing period may take up to one year to collect final results. Invention Description The centrifuge permeameter method identifies the relationships between so
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GENE ENCODING AN INVERTEBRATE a1 CALCIUM CHANNEL SUBUNIT

This invention describes the cloning and sequencing of cDNA strands that encode calcium channel subunits from the fruitfly Drospophila melanogaster. Their temporal and spatial patterns of expression have been determined. The deduced amino acid sequences of these subunits can be used in researching and designing insect specific pesticides. In addition, expression of these clones can be used for screening for new insecticidal compounds and for analysis of mechanism of action. Further, it can be e
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Smart Ladder

Introduction A leading cause of worker injury in the fruit tree industry involves orchard ladder stability and the level of awareness of the user when climbing and dismounting the ladder. Due to cultural and economic reasons, industry acceptance of all-new designs has been low. Rather than radically changing ladder design to address these issues, a better approach is to design safety features into currently-used ladders. Technology description Researchers at the University of Washington have dev
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Safe last step

Introduction A common cause of injury among orchard workers in Washington state occurs when the user dismounts the ladder. The user often cannot accurately gauge the last step of the ladder because the line of sight is obscured by the apple bag when descending the ladder, with their back facing the ladder. The user may inadvertently step off the ladder at an upper rung causing falls that can be dangerous, especially with loaded fruit bags. Technology description Researchers at the University of
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Redesigned third leg

Introduction Ladder injuries are among the most common injuries among orchard workers in Washington state. Ladders tipping over, sliding of the third leg, worker falling off the ladder, and worker missing the last rung were the most common sources of injuries. Due to the resistance in the industry to embrace all-new ladder designs, improvements to existing designs are the most promising advances in ladder technology. Technology description Researchers at the University of Washington have develop
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