Automotive Patents for Sale or License

Articulated Off-road Vehicle

Articulated Off-Road Vehicle

Includes a pivotable chassis and an upper frame extending from the pivotable chassis. Wheels, an engine, and a steering assembly are coupled to the chassis, and the upper frame defines a compartment for drivers and passengers.
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Spark Free Jumper Cables *HUGE Market *Safest Product in its Industry!

Our Spark Free Jumper Cables is the only cables with a unique design to prevent the clamps from sparking when connected to a live car battery. Our Spark Free Jumper Cables eliminates the biggest problem when you jump start your vehicle. We eliminate the risk of spark, shock and damage to vehicle's electrical system. The rule of thumb is to never let the clamps touch each other when your jumping a vehicle. With our cables, it eliminates the most dangerous process. How it works: All jumper cabl
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Articulated Off-Road Vehicle

The articulated off-road vehicle includes a pivotable chassis and an upper frame extending from the pivotable chassis. Wheels, an engine, and a steering assembly are coupled to the chassis, and the upper frame defines a compartment for drivers and passengers. The pivotable chassis is divided into a front chassis section and a rear chassis section, and a hinge joint pivotally connects the front chassis section to the rear chassis section. A front suspension assembly having a pair of shock absorbe
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New Gas-Distributing Mechanism (for automotive industry)

We would like to offer the following invention – Gas-distributing mechanism (desmodromny type) for 4-stroke engine (Russian Federation Patent #2527801/German MRP #202015101057, author: Timonin Alexander Stepanovich). The key advantage of the new gas-distributing mechanism – increased horsepower and longer life/durability. The key advantage over the “Ducati” mechanism – simplicity, lower construction cost, possibility to be installed on one side of the cylinder head and the temperat
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Electric Drive Vehicle and the Procedure of Use

Our patent is a breakthrough in the electric car charging technology and in the electric mobility. Today's electric cars have a very big problem: the charging of the batteries is too slow, and the driver has to stop even while "fast charging", wasting her/his time. Our patent is about FAST CHARGING AT MOTION, that means, we have found a technical solution in that the electric car user don't have to stop and wait while electrically charging his/her electric car. Due to our patent the electric car
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First of Their Kind vehicle Interior accessory: Stabilized Ornamental Pillow

Intelligent BOTTOM-WIEGHTED design and custom dimensions keep this STABILIZED ORNAMENTAL PILLOW upright and in place (they don't fall off seats and onto floors when you take those hard turns, accelerate or brake)! You've got to see this pillow to believe it; you've got to hold this pillow to get it. First of their kind. Eminently stylish and sophisticated. Decisively sexy. Luxurious. Simple. Yet far from ordinary. Trailblazing visual/tactile/versatile accoutrements for any movin
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Built-In Baby Seat

This is a detachable child safety seat designed with numerous function. It holds a unique mechanism that allows rear facing for infants and forward facing for toddlers. This one of a kind James Bond like invention has a futuristic 360 degree rotation that enables the child seat to be hidden for prototypical adult space. Meanwhile, since the seat is detachable it can always be removed from the car when it's not needed.
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Fuel Delivery System

A super-efficient fuel delivery system for internal combustion engines which mimics the transpiration process of plants to produce a homogeneously mixed combination of fuel vapor and air with a variable fuel to air ratio.
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The first Continue Variable Fransmission with High Efficiency and suitable for High Power Transmission

Primus Transmissions, LLC (Primus) has designed the “HP-CVT,” a new continuously variable transmission (CVT) that operates more efficiently, at lower cost and at higher power (torque) than existing automatic transmissions and other current CVTs. As a result, the HP-CVT can save up to 25% fuel consumption on any kind of vehicle! The HP-CVT is a patent-pending design that achieves the infinite gear ratio advantages of a CVT, without the noise from friction, chains or pulleys. It is comp
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Portable and Foldable Lift

The portable foldable lift is a lightweight lifting device that mounts to the tailgate of a pickup truck. It can also mount to the underside of a workbench. The lift collapses and stows nicely while not in use, and can quickly be deployed and set up in seconds allowing the user to load as much as 300 lbs to the bed of a truck or workbench using an 18 volt battery or the power source from the trailer light connection. It takes up minimal bed space and stays attached to the tailgate while stow
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Machine providing for an advanced headlamp system with peripheral beam technology

An advanced headlamp system is proposed for providing a headlamp assembly for vehicles that has peripheral beam technology built in that has a multiplicity of filaments and reflectors built in to provide at least one forward beam and at least one or more peripheral light beams offset in angles to the left (for the driver side) and to the right (for the passenger side) of the forward beam in each assembly each also having a low-beam and a high-beam. The filaments and reflectors are located within
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Load Coupling Apparatus for Wheeled Vehicle

The Easy Go Trailer (EGT) Patent 7,703,789: Load coupling apparatus for wheeled vehicle The Easy Go Trailer (EGT) is the marketing name for our patented process that allows a tractor to achieve significantly better fuel economy while towing a trailer. With understanding of the concept you will realize the EGT process follows naturally occurring events, which will begin developing a reaction force according to the basic laws of physics as motion is developed by the EGT load reaction assembly. F
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Maksimatic Centrifugal & Gyroscopic Anti-Spill Cup Holder Technology

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oJEnEfonGGY https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xyZM4_dMTqA www.maksimatic.com , www.bettercupholder.com Maksimatic is a centripetal-force-utilizing cup holder that is held by a half-spherical upper member on a 360 degree swiveling joint and helps prevent your beverage from spilling or coming out altogether regardless of how fast or hard you accelerate, brake or turn or any combination of the two. It is also gyroscopic which means it will automatically leve
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Design to Improve Turbulence in Combustion Chambers

A combustion chamber design layout of grooves or channels or passages formed in the squish band to further enhance turbulence in the charge prior to ignition as compared to existing designs with squish bands or hemispherical layouts in I.C. Engines. These grooves or channels or passages after ignition direct the flame front to cause multipoint ignition during the combustion cycle resulting in the following distinct advantages over existing designs in practice. First, quicker and complete clea
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VAM security - unique device for locking gear stick knob for the electronically controlled automatic transmissions

Our company VAM system s.r.o, located in Slovakia has been dealing with car security for more than 16 years. VAM security® is a unique device for locking gear stick knob. It is a mechanical security system designed to lock and block the gear lever handle of BMW´s electronically controlled automatic transmissions (but can be produced literally for every electronically controlled automatic transmissions with a gear stick knob). There exists no other similar system in the world, and, because
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System for converting industrial engines into clean, more powerful energy converters

Powerful two stroke industrial motor producing high torque at low RPM. Most existing industrial Diesel or Gas engines can be converted to technology. After conversion engine is about 1.5 times more powerful, has double power/weight ratio and generates little or no NOX. Engine works with all gazeaous fuels. Production costs of new engine are lower than those of similar capacity engine. Technology developed to replace all current Diesel engines whose emissions are carcinogenic. Engine uses include
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Circuit Continuity/ Function Monitor

Monitors operation of DC components and notifies a failure. Works when the source is off, checks for continuity Works when the source is on, check operation. Only notifies if the monitored item fails. no setting or re setting, it automatically displays proper function.
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Removable track drive

This is a patent for a track device which turns a regular vehicle into a rover capable of riding on snow or sand. Compared to Mattracks, this design is more reliable and less expensive. The attached pictures are not photos but, rather, graphic representations made by an artist.
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Mechanical Transmission for Electric Motors

Most systems use a clutch to change gear - Our system uses brake. The system is unique propulsion system suitable for electric motors, the system includes an innovative combination of an electric motor with a mechanical transmission with two speeds or more in order to increase efficiency and allow different capacities. Changing gear is instantly. The system is simple and easy to manufacture, reliable, with low maintenance level. From google patent: A driven mechanical transmission system
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Process for making reinforcing elastomer-clay nanocomposites

A process for producing a natural rubber nanocomposite containing exfoliated organically modified montmorillonite and maleic anhydride grafted elastomer in a dispersion of natural rubber and reinforcing filler/inert filler wherein the cured nanocomposite has improved mechanical properties compared to conventional rubber compound containing a mixture of the reinforcing filler, carbon black and the inert filler, CaCO3. Economic and financial information of the patent are as follows. The inno
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BioFuel-based Penetrating Oil - Petroleum Free

1. A kerosene replacement, consisting of a biodiesel and ethanol mixture, wherein said mixture is between 70 and 90 percent ethyl-ester fatty acid derived biodiesel by volume, and between 10 and 30 percent ethanol by volume, and is suitable for use as penetrating oil. 2. A composition as in claim 1, wherein said mixture is 70% ethyl-ester fatty acid derived biodiesel and 30% ethanol by volume, and is suitable for use as penetrating oil.
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NEW 110mpg HP2g™ HYBRID Internal combustion engine and method of operating same # US 8616175 B2

** US 8616175 Patent with International applications also An internal combustion engine and a method for maximizing fuel efficiency of an internal combustion engine. The internal combustion engine includes an engine block assembly having an electromagnet coupled thereto and an engine component movable relative to the engine block assembly. The engine component includes a permanent magnet coupled thereto. A control system is provided to selectively provide an electrical current to the electrom
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Engine Block Component Brace

Valley Girdle™, Valley Girdle Pro™, United States Patent for Engine Block Component Brace : Patent # 7,258,094 One or more component braces may be installed into the upper valley of a V-styled engine block to provide resistance to deformation of the block when used in an operating motor. The component braces include first and second mounting portions separated by a body portion, where the mounting portions may be constructed as arms extending from the body portion. An intermediate mountin
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Security and Tracking System for Cargo Containers

US Patent 7,414,527 refers to a Confirmation Security Pad and Weight Detection Sensor. The primary purpose of the Confirmation Security Pad is to prevent theft and unauthorized activity. The Confirmation Security (CS) Pad containing a weight detection sensor detects the presence and absence of weight, and communicates, via broadband and wireless, to a programmed network at a particular location. For example, a loaded cargo container parked unattended on the C/S Pad will communicate its w
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Device for Increasing Tire Friction and Method of Using the Same

A revolutionary new alternative tire traction device (ATTD); a unique apparatus for preventing slipping of a tire under winter weather conditions; smart and simple decision solving a lot of the difficulties and disadvantages of the currently existing conventional tire snow chains and other ATTDs. It is especially designated for semi-trucks and heavy vehicles aiming to help the professional drivers and the trucking industry. It has been created and designed to acquire numerous benefits to make it
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RimPro-Tec (Wheel Band)

RimPro-Tec Wheel Protection Patents and Trademarks in 97 countries world wide . RimPro-Tec win prestigious Global Media Awards. These awards came from a panel of international media judges, they selected RimPro- Tec for four awards for introducing one of the best new products at the SEMA show. RimPro-Tec also wins Best Product at the Performance Aftermarket Industry Awards. SEMA November 2011 was the launch venue for RimPro-Tec. RimPro-Tec adds innovation to the market with a patented
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Improved Continuous Variable Transmission System and Use Thereof

The HP-CVT is a patent-pending redesigned continuously variable transmission (CVT) for use in vehicles and other motorized applications, with unique capabilities in high power/high torque contexts (thus the name—HP-CVT) such as for use in large vehicles and machinery. The HP-CVT functions not only as a CVT but also as an infinitely variable transmission (IVT), which allows the transmission output to be zero RPMs, and as a torque converter. By combining the CVT, IVT and torque converter func
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Combination Trunk Cover with Spoiler and Scrolling Display

A trunk lid cover in combination with a car spoiler. The trunk lid cover is of flexible material and is disposed for covering the trunk lid only of an automobile. The trunk lid cover is held tightly against the surface of said trunk lid. A car spoiler attached to the trunk lid cover. A message display is mounted to the trunk lid cover or to the car spoiler. Once an Internet connection is established, merchants can send their advertising materials directly to the message display, to be dis
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Locking device for motorcycles

theft prevention device for motorcycles, where the lock fits on the break/lever gas handle of the motorcycle handle.
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Needle bearing hinge assembly

Disclosed is an enclosed needle bearing hinge mechanism having externally rotatable race surfaces, internal needle bearings, an internal pathway for introducing grease into the assembly for improved lubrication, reduced wear and a construction adapted to support large door or latch loads. The assembly comprises a housing having at least one needle bearing in contact with an outer rotating race, stationary or counter-rotating interior races, a central pin shaft and an internal pathway for lubrica
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Method of Torque Conversion with Conservation of Energy (No Power Loss)

This machine allows for a truly torque conversion with smoothly changed ratio while at work. It complies with the following formula: any number to any number including negative numbers. Because of this properties, it allows to eliminate need for a transmission. It can be used in any kind of vehicles like: cars, trucks, locomotives, ships and wind mills. Please see attached file.
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Tire Handling Device

The " Tire Handling Device " of the present invention is a portable device for holding and manipulating a vehicle tire while changing a flat. The tire-handling device (10) is a compact, lightweight tool for carriage within a motor vehicle trunk or storage compartment to facilitate handling of a tire (T) during a tire change or similar operation. The device includes a tire support cradle (30) supported by opposed vertically adjustable handles (32). The handles (32) and cradle (30) therebetween
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A portable folding electric tricycle that can be folded into a chair and a suitcase

A piece of new invention to fill the hole in the current transportation system. It is perfect for day-to-day travels and can be easily taken onto trains/buses for long journeys. You don't need to worry about your bike being stolen or paying congestion charges (well, if you are in London...) The one in the attached video is a prototype for illustration purpose only. The inventor is now looking for a strong industry partner to develop this into a series of final products.
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Self Starting Method and an Apparatus for Sensorless Commutation of Brushless DC Motors

Brushless DC (BLDC) motors have been gaining popularity in the Appliance, Automotive, Aerospace, Consumer, Medical, Computer and Industrial Automation industries and possess many advantages over other motors. Some of these advantages are: (a) High power density, low inertia and high torque to inertia ratio and high dynamic response due to the small size, low weight and high flux density neodymium-iron-boron permanent magnet rotor. (b) High efficiency due to the low rotor losses as a res
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External Combustion Engine

The technology permit an instantaneous torque management for Stirling engines. The technology enable a bi-cylindrical external combustion engine to modulate instantaneously the torque delivered to the drive shaft, thanks an action on the moving parts that produce a variation of motor phase characteristic, and the reciprocal, angular, position of the hot and the cold cylinder. The main innovation of the engine is based on the possibility of varying in a simple way the power on the shaft, so
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Vehicle Registration pocket

* Simplifies the task of changing windshield registration, inspection or any mandated stickers. * Saves the time and effort normally spent scraping and removing old stickers, cleaning and drying the windshield and applying new stickers. * Easily installed; Simplifies all future sticker changes * Avoid the frustration of messy, falling or half-stuck on stickers
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An automatic Engine Working by Air Pressure and Electricity

The present invention relates to an automatic motor working by air pressure and electricity. The currently used engines depend completely on petroleum and gas oil, which are oil products in the possession of petroleum-producing countries. In contrast, the inventive engine works by Air pressure and electricity.
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The AC Power Solid State Generator (Self Recharging 100%)

“The AC Power Solid State Generator” (self-recharging) - upgraded “The Ac power solid state generator” can provide clean (non toxic) electricity in the terra watt range (billions of watts of electricity) and recharge it self while providing such massive power to homes, offices, and industrial plants, which is why it is worth trillions of dollars. The patent is being sold for only $2 billion dollars. License agreement and joint venture partnerships are also optional at this time. Ma
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Revolution in Vehicles Towing and hanging systems

New Electro mechanical vehicle towing and hanging plug in system CTowing system is a new towing & hanging system allowing to connect 2 electro mechanical vehicles or objects together in a single operation. This system permit to plug securely and quickly 2 vehicles together or 2 objects together transfering signals, data, electricity mechanical force in a single plug in: a lot of configurations are possible: - a vehicle to a trailer 1 axel Ctowing single ball - a vehicle to a trailer 2 axe
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Transit Switching System for Monorail Vehicles

PATENT NUMBER 6,393,993 TRANSIT SWITCHING SYSTEM FOR MONORAIL VEHICLES relates to providing a monorail switching system for individually and selectively routing vehicles between a main track and merged tracks on a dedicated route. Furthermore, vehicles can be public, business, or privately owned and are specially designed with a longitudinal keel to safely guide the vehicle on the monorail system. Vehicle suspension and propulsion can be any of the present wheeled systems (e.g. trains, cars)
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Absorption system of shock waves and armor for military vehicles

Absorption system of shock waves and armor for military vehicles System absorption of shock waves for armored military vehicles and construction consisting of the body and interior of the vehicle by a structure pre hollow interior frameworks available boxes (Fig. 1) with a considerable thickness and closed once these boxes with inner shield is injected inside these boxes or hollow type synthetic rubber elastomer. (Fig. 2 / a), to thereby form an absorption system which mitigates shockwaves let
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Construction diagram and construction of KOLEV MOTORS internal combustion engine

Engine layout With the innovative layout KOLEV MOTORS internal combustion engines provide for: • Reduced overall dimensions of constructions; • Reduced specific mass рег power unit; • Reduced friction losses and increased mechanical efficiency; • Reduces production and operational costs; The alteration is in the original construction of drive unit and cylinder unit. KOLEV MOTORS engines аге built in engine groups - оnе, two, three, etc. depending оn the capacit
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Variable Duration Camshaft or Helical Camshaft.

This invention (usually referred to as the "Helical Camshaft") allows a conventional four-stroke engine to be able to vary the duration of its valve opening over a very wide and continuous (that is; stepless) range. The system is totally mechanical (that is; not "camless" - solenoid or electro-hydraulic). The range of variation is all at full valve lift - the lift remaining constant; the opening and closing rates of valve velocity, acceleration, jerk etc. are unchanged no matter what th
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Wheel assembly with electric power generator

A wheel assembly includes a carrier and a wheel mounted adjacent to the carrier for rotation relative to the carrier. A first array of magnets is carried by one of the first side of the wheel and the carrier, and a first array of coils is carried by the other of the wheel and the carrier corresponding to the first array of magnets. A spinner is mounted adjacent to the wheel for rotation relative to the wheel. A second array of magnets is carried by one of the wheel and the carrier, and a second
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The Automated Rail-Jack

I RECENTLY RECIEVED A UNITED STATES PATENT, FOR MY INVENTION CALLED THE RAIL JACK,IT IS A RAIL SYSTEM WITH A JACK, THAT IS PLACED UNDERNEATH A VEHILCE...THE UNIT JACKS YOUR CAR UP FOR YOU ...SO THERE IS NO NEED TO MANUALLY JACK UP THE CAR..WITH MY INVENTION THE CAR IS AUTOMATICALLY LIFTED TO MAKE CHANGING YOUR TIRE EASY. NO MORE LOOKING IN THE TRUNK OF THE CAR, FOR THE JACK, WHEN YOU CATCH A FLAT. BECAUSE ALL YOU HAVE TO DO IS PUSH A BUTTON ON THE DASH BOARD TO DECIDE WHICH TIRE YOU WANT THE
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Two/three-dimensional multi-layer circuit carrier producing method for e.g. automobile industry, involves applying layer of strip conductor and dielectric layer on topmost dielectric layer alternative

The method involves applying a dielectric layer (4) i.e. thermoplastic polymer layer, on certain regions of a set of electrical strip conductors (2) and the surface of a two/three-dimensional basebody (1) by injection moulding. Another set of electrical strip conductors (6) is applied on the surface of the dielectric layer by metallization process. Another dielectric layer (8) is applied on certain regions of the conductors (6). A layer of a strip conductor and a third dielectric layer are appli
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Electrocoating Process for Mixed-metal Automotive Bodies-in-white

Mixed-metal automotive vehicle bodies-in-white comprising ferrous metal surfaces, zinc surfaces, aluminum alloy surfaces, and magnesium alloy surfaces are cleaned and immersed in an aqueous bath comprising an adhesion promoter and an aqueous electrocoat bath (the adhesion promoter may be in the electrocoat bath. The adhesion promoter, which may be a cerium salt, is selected to react with each metal in the body surfaces to form an oxide layer that provides corrosion resistance for the surface and
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Multi-sensing Fuel Injection System and Method for Making the Same

A multi-sensing fuel injection system for internal combustion engines. The system includes a fuel injector for injecting fuel into the internal combustion chamber. The fuel injector is electrically insulated from an engine body of the internal combustion engine by way of a first electrically insulated member. A second electrically insulated member is provided for fixedly disposing the fuel injector within the combustion chamber. The electrical insulation of the fuel injector, in conjunction with
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Electric-field Assisted Fuel Atomization System and Methods of Use

An apparatus (100) for reducing the size of fuel particles injected into a combustion chamber is disclosed. The apparatus includes fuel line (110), a first metallic mesh (114) disposed within the fuel line (110), and a second metallic mesh(112) disposed within the fuel line (110), upstream of the first metallic mesh (114). An electrical supply (130) is electrically coupled to the first metallic mesh (114) and the second metallic mesh (112). Operation of the electrical supply (130) generates an e
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Vehicular Information Systems and Methods

Disclosed is a method and system that receives sensor information from each of a plurality of sensors. Each sensor in the plurality is associated with a vehicle. The sensor information includes location coordinates of each vehicle in the plurality. The sensor information associated with each vehicle in the plurality then is translated to parking statistics information. In one embodiment, the translation is based on an aggregate of sensor information corresponding to the plurality of vehicles. Th
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Active Head Support for Rear Bench Seats in a Passenger Vehicle

The present invention relates to a headrest to be installed in seats of vehicles that is moveable from a normal position to an accident position via a mechanism that is activated by sensor control.Thus, the head restraint is used and cared for an accident for impaired crash burden on individuals, such a head restraint is proposed, in which a) a housing body (14) of headrest fixed to the seat connected, b) an upper baffle plate (16 connected) and a lower baffle plate (18) with the housing body th
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Active Headrest with Multi-jointed Mechanism Transmission

The present invention relates to a headrest for installation in seats of vehicles which can be moved from a normal position into an accident position by means of a mechanism which can be activated under sensor control. So that the headrest can be re-used and ensures reduced crash loading on persons in the event of an accident and at the same time a design is obtained which is easy and cost-effective to manufacture, a headrest of this type is proposed in which a) a housing body (14) of the headre
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Apparatus Designed As a Robot for the Autonomous, Unmanned Determination of Leaks Releasing Substances Into the Surroundings from Pressurized Systems, Particularly Pipe Systems, and Method for Operati

The invention relates to an apparatus designed as a robot for the autonomous, unmanned determination of leaks releasing substances into the surroundings from pressurized systems, particularly pipe systems, said apparatus comprising a motor-operated movement platform, such as a chassis, having a sensor system for localizing and navigating the chassis in the region of the pressurized system, said apparatus further comprising at least one optical remote measuring device for detecting and localizing
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Wavefront Aberration and Distance Measurement Phase Camera

A system consisting of a phase camera with microlenses placed in the focal point of a converging lens, wherein the camera data, processed using a combined Fourier "Slice" and 10 fast Fourier transform edge detection technique, provide both a three-dimensional wavefront map and a real scene depth map within a broad range of volumes.The invention is suitable for use in any field where wavefronts need to be known such as earth-based astronomical observation, ophthalmology, etc., as well as in field
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A method of determining the tire conditions of a vehicle

A method of determining the tire conditions of a vehicle comprises constructing a plurality of models of vehicle behaviour, each model being associated with one or more tires having varying cornering stiffness; measuring vehicle behaviour during a cornering manoeuvre of the vehicle; comparing measured vehicle behaviour with behaviour predicted by said models; and determining which of said models most effectively predicts the behaviour of the vehicle.
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A System and Method for Autonomous Navigation of a Tracked Or Skid-steer Vehicle

An autonomous navigation system for a tracked or skid-steer vehicle is described. The system includes a path planner (54) that computes a series of waypoint locations specifying a path to follow and vehicle location sensors (82). A tramming controller (60) includes a waypoint controller (62) that computes vehicle speed and yaw rate setpoints based on vehicle location information from the vehicle location sensor and the locations of a plurality of neighbouring waypoints, and a rate controller (64
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Temperature Sensor for Monitoring Exhaust Gases

A temperature sensor (34) for determining the temperature of exhaust gases of a diesel engine is disclosed. The temperature sensor comprises a silicon support (46) and a thin electrically conducting platinum layer (36) separated from the substrate by a silicon nitride layer (44). Changes in electrical resistance of the platinum layer as a result of changes in the temperature of exhaust gases expelled from the engine and coming into contact with the platinum layer can be rapidly measured to provi
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Self-correcting Crash Energy Absorber

An energy absorber (102) for absorbing kinetic energy of a vehicle is disclosed. The energy absorber comprises a housing (104) adapted to be mounted to a vehicle body, and energy absorber blocks (112, 114, 116, 118), each of which has at least one respective deformable material adapted to absorb energy by being deformed and having a respective deformation resistance. The energy absorber blocks are arranged substantially in order of sequentially increasing deformation resistance, and the energy a
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An Exhaust Arrangement for an Internal Combustion Engine

An exhaust arrangement (16) for an internal combustion engine (10), and internal combustion engine (10) including such an exhaust arrangement (16) comprises a first exhaust duct (18) and a second exhaust duct (20) for the exhaust flow from the engine. A valve arrangement is provided, preferably comprising separate first and second exhaust valves (22,24) associated with each cylinder (12) of the internal combustion engine (10), to selectively direct exhaust from engine (10) to the first exhaust d
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Method of operating an internal combustion engine

A method is disclosed for operating an internal combustion engine of the type having an engine cylinder (10) with a reciprocating piston (20), first (24) and second (22) intake ports for admitting gas from an ambient air supply into the engine cylinder, first (14) and second (12) intake valves each arranged between a respective one of the intake ports and the engine cylinder, a non-return valve (32) arranged in the second (22) of the intake ports at a distance from the second intake valve (12) a
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Air motor

An air motor is described having a variable volume air chamber 10 controlled by a reciprocating piston 12, intake and exhaust ports to and from the air chamber 10 controlled by respective cyclically actuated intake 14 and exhaust 18 valves for receiving compressed air from a compressed air storage tank 20 and discharging expanded air to the ambient atmosphere. The air motor is characterised in that it operates according to a four stroke cycle with an additional pair of air metering strokes prior
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Engine for an Air Hybrid Vehicle

An engine for use in an air hybrid vehicle comprises at least one cylinder having a piston (20) defining a variable volume working chamber (10) and intake (12, 14) and exhaust (16) valves controlling the flow of air into and out of the working chamber. The cylinder is operable in any one of at least two modes, namely a first mode in which power is generated by burning fuel in the working chamber (10), and a second mode in which the cylinder acts to compress air drawn into the working chamber (10
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Method of Starting an Internal Combustion Engine

A method is disclosed for starting an internal combustion engine having a compressed air supply. The engine is provided with cam actuated poppet valves adapted to operate selectively with a first valve timing schedule that causes the engine to act as a compressed air driven motor and with a second schedule that causes the engine to perform as an internal combustion engine. In the invention, prior to each engine shut down, the engine is operated with the first valve timing schedule for a short pe
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Method of starting a four stroke engine using compressed air

A method is disclosed for starting a four stroke engine having a compressed air supply, the engine being provided with cam actuated intake and exhaust valves adapted to operate selectively with a first valve timing schedule that causes the engine to act as a compressed air driven motor and with a second schedule that causes the engine to perform as a four stroke cycle internal combustion engine. Prior to each engine shut down, the invention proposes operating the engine with the first valve timi
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Two stroke internal combustion engine with a blower air reservoir

A two-stroke internal combustion engine has a cylinder 10 with an intake port 18 and an exhaust port 14, and an external air blower 22 for generating pressurised air to charge the cylinder 10 and to scavenge exhaust gases remaining in the cylinder. A blower air reservoir 20 is connected to the air blower 22 and to the intake port 18 of the cylinder for storing excess air generated by the air blower 22 and not used by the engine when the engine is operating in idling and low load conditions and t
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Method for supplying EGR in an i.c. engine

Each cylinder of the engine has at least one intake valve and one exhaust valve operating on a four stroke cycle. The method comprises selectively interchanging in timing relative to the engine strokes the opening events of the intake and exhaust valves of one or more cylinders when EGR is required so that the exhaust valve is opened during a downward stroke drawing exhaust gases from the exhaust system into the cylinder and the intake valve is opened during a upward stroke discharging exhaust g
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Air Braking System

An air braking unit for use in an air braking system. The air braking unit is arranged to be positioned, in use, at a vehicle wheel, and comprises an inlet for receiving, in use, compressed air from a central source. At least one first valve is arranged to selectively allow compressed air from the inlet to enter a wheel brake chamber in use. At least one second valve is arranged to selectively allow air from the brake chamber to be released via an outlet to the atmosphere in use and control mean
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Active Steering Controller

A system for controlling a vehicle. The vehicle (1) has a steerable front axle (3) and at least one further steerable axle (6) and the system comprises means for determining the path of a reference lead point (5) at the front of the vehicle (1). There is also means for determining the path of a follow point at the rear of the vehicle, and means for driving the at least one further steerable axle (6) of the vehicle such that the deviation between the path of the lead point (5) of the vehicle and
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Installation for painting and drying of vehicles and vehicle parts

The vehicle, or vehicle parts, are positioned in a chamber with air vents and lighting in the roof section through which heated or cooled fresh, mixed and forced air are circulated and exhausted through the floor. Circulation and forced air fans are provided with a heat recovery system.
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Device and Method for Diffused Lighting for Vehicle Interiors

This invention relates to a device for diffused lighting for vehicle interiors that includes one or more light sources and that is located outside the field of vision of the driver of the vehicle. Drivers, especially following refractive surgery, manifest debilitating effects and symptoms of dazzling. The miosis caused by the diffused light of this invention improves the driver's visual performance, in terms of quality of vision.
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Leg Shield for Vehicle

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide leg shields for a vehicle capable of supplying an adequate amount of air to feet, and supporting a door stably. ; SOLUTION: A pair of right and left leg shields 37 covering the foot sections of a rider from the front is provided with a shield body 40 with an opening 39 positioned ahead of a foot placing section 25, and the door 43 opening/closing the opening 39 by being rotated around the rotating shaft center C. The door 43 is rotatably supported at one end 43a
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Petrol Saving Device

This device is based on the patent filed for the method of stabilizing the turbulence created by valves in a flow system (patent pending). Based on the technology we fix this device through pneumatic tubes before and after the throttle valve (carburetor) in a petrol vehicle,which controls the turbulence created by the throttle valve making the flow smooth and giving right condition for the petrol to evaporate evenly for a good combustion. On road tests, the petrol saver actually a fluid capacit
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Vehicle Rollover Control Using Pulsed Active Steering Control Strategy

Vehicle rollover crashes, particularly with the increasing popularity of Sport Utility Vehicles (SUVs), continue to be a serious safety and liability problem for auto manufacturers. Various rollover and yaw control strategies have been attempted including, active steering control, differential braking control and integrated control (using both of the previous strategies) but have only provided limited success in addressing this problem. For instance active steering systems, which have been onl
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Diagnostic software used to remotely connect to a Driver Monitoring System to perform calibration routines or check on the health/status of the system through wired or wireless communication with a la

According to the Administration on Aging, persons 65 years or older numbered 35.6 million in 2002. They represented 12.3% of the U.S. population and are expected to grow to be 20% of the population by 2030. In the last twenty years, the percentage increase in older drivers has been three times greater than the growth of the total driving population. The aging U.S. population generates considerable concern about driver safety, as crashes per mile driver are more frequent in older drivers compared
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Data acquisition software for Driver Monitoring System

According to the Administration on Aging, persons 65 years or older numbered 35.6 million in 2002. They represented 12.3% of the U.S. population and are expected to grow to be 20% of the population by 2030. In the last twenty years, the percentage increase in older drivers has been three times greater than the growth of the total driving population. The aging U.S. population generates considerable concern about driver safety, as crashes per mile driver are more frequent in older drivers compared
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Anomalous Vehicle Detection System and Method

The need to detect and isolate a suspicious vehicle before it has the opportunity to cause harm to personnel and equipment is increasing. This is at military, border, many building and parking garage entrances. This invention is called an Anomalous Vehicle Detector (AVD). Vehicles loaded with explosives are a common method of terrorism. This invention in designed to measure multiple physical parameters of a vehicle (such as: Infrared and imaging /sensor, speed sensor, profile detector, weight
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Variable Ratio Transmission Elements for Motor Drive Shafts

A motor transmission element includes an axle, an expandable circumferential component and multiple rolled electroactive polymer (EAP) devices. The circumferential component is located at a contact radius from the axle for connection to a different rotating body and is mechanically connected to the axle. The rolled EAP devices are mechanically connected to the circumferential component and the axle. Each rolled EAP device has a pair of input electrodes and is configured to deform substantively p
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Dielectric Motor Configurations and a Variable Speed Transmission Element Using Electroactive Polymers (EAPs)

Conventional electric motors and combustion engines are widely used in commerce but are not appropriate for all applications. Combustion engines explode fuel in chambers in which a directional element, such as a piston or rotor moves. Such engines dissipate a great deal of energy as heat, require massive engine blocks to withstand the explosions, are made of metals that have high reflectivity to radar, and require oxygen that may be in short supply at high altitudes. The oxygen requirement alone
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Planar Pulsed Plasma Thruster

Pulsed Plasma Thrusters (PPTs) use a high energy electrical spark to vaporize and ionize a small amount of material. PPTs have a weight advantage over chemical thruster in that they use a solid fuel and electricity for thrust. As the satellites have become smaller, there is a need for smaller, lighter housekeeping thrusters and those that can produce smaller increments of thrust. Smaller satellites are important in that they can be deployed in larger quantities in an array. The improvement of PP
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Mono-Track Vehicle

The invention generally relates to a vehicle (large or small), cart, robot, etc. that uses a mono-track (e.g., single-track or uni-track) for its main motion in place of wheels or multiple tracks, although the invention could be applied to multi-track and wheeled vehicles as an aid toward turning. The mono-track vehicle (MTV) steers with a set of appendages that extend from the sides of the vehicle. These steering appendages steer by either causing drag on one side of the vehicle or by titling t
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Full Signal Translator (FST)

small, lightweight and low-cost device that frequency translates and downlinks Global Positioning System (GPS) signals to enable precise post-flight trajectory reconstructions used in testing and evaluation of different flight systems.
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A Method for Half-duplex Relative Navigation Among Multiple Distributed Vehicles

Current relative navigation technology typically assumes that simultaneous two-way signal tracking (i.e. full-duplex communication) is operating between two vehicles engaged in a relative navigation estimate, and that data modulation is present on the signals to share pseudo range information. Researchers at the Johns Hopkins University, Applied Physics Laboratory have developed a new method which operates under half-duplex communication conditions, thereby leading to less complex radio frequenc
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Moving Belt Metal Detector

For efficient and fast detection of landmines and unexploded ordanance (UXO0, metal detectors are sometimes mounted to vehicles. Typically, the vehicle mounted metal detector is used to clear road and paths for advancing troops or to clear bombing range for military base cleanups. The military base cleanup effort by itself is estimated to cost $200 billion over the next 300 years just in the US using conventional metal detection and clearing technology. Conventional metal detectors that are moun
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Commercial Vehicle Electronic Screening Hardware/Software System

Commercial Vehicle Screening uses a selection mechanism to make use of limited fixed Weigh/Inspection Station resources. E-Screening is the application of technology to this process, in order to make an informed and automated decision about whether further examination of a vehicle is required. Properly implemented, E-Screening results in improved station traffic flow, focused vehicle enforcement, increased compliance, and ultimately achieves the goals of increased highway safety and reduced trav
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A Method for Using GPS and Crosslink Signals to Correct Ionospheric Errors in Space Navigation Solutions

Distributed spacecraft systems (e.g. distributed satellite systems or spacecraft systems with some type of propulsion device) use multiple spacecraft to augment the capabilities of monolithic space system approaches. These systems, also referred to as formation flying systems, enable complex sensing tasks such as distributed aperture processing, co-observation, multipoint observation, and distributed interferometry, which are beyond the abilities of single spacecraft systems. Depending on the de
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Method for Establishing Heliocentric Spacecraft Formations Using Gravity Assist from a Natural Satellite

Spacecraft are launched and deployed to various locations to serve a variety of different purposes. Different techniques can be used place these spacecraft in their desired orbits. One technique that can be used is a lunar fly-by maneuver. The related art generally employs lunar flyby maneuvers and lunar gravity assist to establish geosynchronous orbits for satellites. This means that the satellites eventually orbit the earth after completing a lunar flyby maneuver. While these mission desig
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Method and System for Storing Compressed Hydrogen and/or CNG Fuels on Automotive Vehicles (Suspension Systems)

It is desirable to increase stiffness of a rear suspension while providing for a large open space between the wheels, unencumbered by stiffening arms in order to house a longer tank and thus a large volume of compressed gas fuel. This objective of this invention is to provide a system consisting of a rear suspension subassembly shaped to extend around the fuel tank and operatively attached to the front and rear portions of the vehicle so that the front and rear portions of the vehicle provide
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GPS Jamming Circumvention Scheme

A method and apparatus for circumventing jamming of receivers for a global positioning system (GPS) include determining that a receiver is being jammed by a jamming signal not originating from the GPS. A first signal is transmitted from a portable unit including the receiver to a component of a second positioning system that is different from the GPS. A second signal is received from the second positioning system. The second signal includes data that indicates a position for the portable unit de
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Hardware and Software Implementation of Non-Coherent Navigation for Low Frame Rate Telemetry Applications

This invention is a method and apparatus for obtaining measurements, on a spacecraft that employs a transceiver, at intervals that are shorter than the telemetry frame duration for use in correcting ground-based Doppler measurements so as to remove the effects of drift in the spacecraft oscillator frequency reference. Samples of navigation counters on the spacecraft that supply information that may be used to compare the uplink frequency with the downlink frequency at the spacecraft are triggere
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A Tracking Receiver for Global Positioning System Signals Implemented in Software. (GPS Software Receiver)

The invention is a receiving station tracking system for receiving GPS data and tracking a mobile vehicle. The receiving station tracking system includes a plurality of processing stages receiving and processing at least a portion of the GPS data, and a control module receiving and filtering the processed GPS data and outputting at least one control signal in accordance with filtering results. The at least one control signal controls decreasing or increasing a quantity of processing stages of th
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Autonomous Solar Navigation System

method and apparatus for autonomous navigation for deep space missions using the sun as the reference body and determining the spacecraft orbit based on observations made on the sun using onboard instruments. Two types of observation data, the direction of the spacecraft relative to the sun as a function of time and the optical Doppler shift due to the motion of the spacecraft relative to the sun, can be used for the spacecraft orbit determination. A dual imaging system which functions as a sun
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GPS Roadside Integrated Precision Positioning System (GRIPPS) for Detecting Drowsy Drivers

According to studies done by the National Highway Transportation Safety Administration in 2003, 55% of fatal accidents in the U.S. are caused by lane departure. Various factors, including driver distraction, inattention or drowsiness can be responsible for these dangerous movements. Warning systems to alert drivers that their vehicle is about to move out of its lane could help minimize these avoidable accidents. Many different on-road vehicle systems exist or are being developed to address indiv
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Flexible Architecture Receiver for GPS

This software-controlled buffer captures the incoming sampled RF signals at a rate consistent with the GPS bandwidth and can provide previously captured samples to the tracking hardware in batches at rates consistent with FPGA/ASIC technology. The ratio of tracking rate to the capture rate provides significant leverage permitting a single hardware channel to act as a full multi-channel receiver without multiplexing loss. This approach also permits the implementation of a minimum-acuisition-time
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Low Cost, Compressed Gas Fuel Storage System

It has been demonstrated that compressed gasses such as hydrogen, propane, methane or natural gas are viable alternatives to petroleum as a fuel source for motor vehicles. Such vehicles have been restricted to fleet trucks, delivery vans, buses and taxis due to their limited range. The restrictions and limitations are caused by the space required for existing compressed gas fuel systems. This space penalty results in lost truck bed volume, automobile trunk volume and range. Furthermore, higher i
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Autonomous Satellite Navigation System

This invention is an autonomous navigation system for an orbital platform incorporating a global positioning system based navigation device optimized for low-Earth orbit and medium-Earth orbit applications including a 12 channel, GPS tracking application-specific integrated circuit operating in concert with a computer system implementing an extended Kalman filter and orbit propagator which autonomously generates estimates of position, velocity and time to enable planning, prediction and executio
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Method and Apparatus for Precise Noncoherent Doppler Tracking of a Spacecraft

Method and Apparatus for Precise Noncoherent Doppler Tracking of a Spacecraft
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Method for Model-Free Control of General Discrete-Time Systems

A method and apparatus for model-free, real-time, system-wide signal timing for a complex road network is provided. It provides timings in response to instantaneous flow conditions while accounting for the inherent stochastic variations in traffic flow through the use of a simultaneous perturbation stochastic approximation (SPSA) algorithm. This is achieved by setting up several (M) parallel neural networks, each of which produces optimal controls (signal timings) for any time instant (within on
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Propellant Utilization System

Provide a propulsion system which meets the weight and propellant requirements while providing adequate space within the flight vehicle for the tankage, airframe, crew and their life support systems as well a payload. The invention is a propellant utilization system for flight vehicles operating in both the subsonic an supersonic speed ranges. In particular, the invention uses steam and water produced in the system to replace hydrogen for power generation and as a coolant, respectively. It a
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Translating and Rotating Cowl Inlet with Retractable Propellant Injection Struts

The invention is an inlet system for a variable geometry transatmospheric air-breathing engine. It incorporates a rotatably translatable cowl provided with a rotating lip used in combination with insertable and propellant injection struts.
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Moving Belt Metal Detector

For efficient and fast detection of landmines and unexploded ordanance (UXO0, metal detectors are sometimes mounted to vehicles. Typically, the vehicle mounted metal detector is used to clear road and paths for advancing troops or to clear bombing range for military base cleanups. The military base cleanup effort by itself is estimated to cost $200 billion over the next 300 years just in the US using conventional metal detection and clearing technology. Conventional metal detectors that are moun
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High-Strength and Wear-Resistant Aluminum Alloy (MFS-0016)

Abstract: Developed to meet U.S. automotive legislation requiring low-exhaust emission, the novel NASA 398 aluminum-silicon alloy offers dramatic improvement in tensile and fatigue strengths at elevated temperatures, enabling new pistons to utilize less material, which can lead to reducing part weight and cost as well as improving performance.
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Word Mark ADVISOR � 2002 Software

The ADVISOR trademark represents NREL�s ADVISOR � 2002 (ADvanced Vehicle SimulatOR) software. This software provides a specialized tool for the automotive engineering community to quickly simulate the performance of a large number of vehicle design options, therefore reducing the time and expense involved in building and testing prototypes. ADVISOR � software can simulate and analyze light and heavy vehicles�including hybrid electric and fuel cell vehicles. It tests the effec
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Vehicle Cabin Cooling System for Capturing and Exhausting Heated Boundary Layer Air from Inner Surfaces of Solar Heated Windows

The cabin cooling system includes a cooling duct positioned proximate and above upper edges of one or more windows of a vehicle to exhaust hot air as the air is heated by inner surfaces of the windows and forms thin boundary layers of heated air adjacent the heated windows. The cabin cooling system includes at least one fan to draw the hot air into the cooling duct at a flow rate that captures the hot air in the boundary layer without capturing a significant portion of the cooler cabin interior
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Radiation-Controlled Dynamic Vacuum Insulation

A compact vacuum insulation panel comprising a chamber enclosed by two sheets of metal, glass-like spaces disposed in the chamber between the sidewalls, and a high-grade vacuum in the chamber that includes apparatus and methods for enabling and disabling, or turning "on" and "off" the thermal insulating capability of the panel. One type of enabling and disabling apparatus and method includes a metal hydride for releasing hydrogen gas into the chamber in response to heat, and a hydrogen grate bet
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Passive Cooling System for a Vehicle

A passive cooling system for a vehicle transfers heat from an overheated internal component, for example, an instrument panel, to an external portion of the vehicle, for example, a side body panel. The passive cooling system includes one or more heat pipes having an evaporator section embedded in the overheated internal component and a condenser section at the external portion of the vehicle. The evaporator and condenser sections are in fluid communication. The passive cooling system may also in
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Method and apparatus for thermal management of vehicle exhaust systems

A catalytic converter is surrounded by variable conductance insulation for maintaining the operating temperature of the catalytic converter at an optimum level, for inhibiting heat loss when raising catalytic converter temperature to light-off temperature, for storing excess heat to maintain or accelerate reaching light-off temperature, and for conducting excess heat away from the catalytic converter after reaching light-off temperature. The variable conductance insulation includes vacuum gas co
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Material-Controlled Dynamic Vacuum Insulation

A compact vacuum insulation panel comprising a chamber enclosed by two sheets of metal, glass-like spaces disposed in the chamber between the sidewalls, and a high-grade vacuum in the chamber includes apparatus and methods for enabling and disabling, or turning "on" and "off" the thermal insulating capability of the panel. One type of enabling and disabling apparatus and method includes a metal hydride for releasing hydrogen gas into the chamber in response to heat, and a hydrogen grate between
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Low Thermal Resistance Power Module Assembly

A power module assembly with low thermal resistance and enhanced heat dissipation to a cooling medium. The assembly includes a heat sink or spreader plate with passageways or openings for coolant that extend through the plate from a lower surface to an upper surface. A circuit substrate is provided and positioned on the spreader plate to cover the coolant passageways. The circuit substrate includes a bonding layer configured to extend about the periphery of each of the coolant passageways and is
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Increasing Jet Entrainment, Mixing and Spreading

A free jet of air is disturbed at a frequency that substantially matches natural turbulences in the free jet to increase the entrainment, mixing, and spreading of air by the free jet, for example in a room or other enclosure. The disturbances are created by pulsing the flow of air that creates the free jet at the desired frequency. Such pulsing of the flow of air can be accomplished by sequentially occluding and opening a duct that confines and directs the flow of air, such as by rotating a disk
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Gas-Controlled Dynamic Vacuum Insulation with Gas Gate

Disclosed is a dynamic vacuum insulation comprising sidewalls enclosing an evacuated chamber and gas control means for releasing hydrogen gas into a chamber to increase gas molecule conduction of heat across the chamber and retrieving hydrogen gas from the chamber. The gas control means includes a metal hydride that absorbs and retains hydrogen gas at cooler temperatures and releases hydrogen gas at hotter temperatures; a hydride heating means for selectively heating the metal hydride to tempera
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Tactile Pattern Display (26012/27004/27005/27025)

Tactile Pattern Display (26012/27004/27005/27025) INVENTOR: J. Edward Colgate, Michael Peshkin, John Glassmire, Laura Winfield INVENTION: While far more advanced than mechanical buttons, switches, and knobs, devices like touch screens and touch pads fail to provide (despite their name) the sense of touch. They have no shape, no texture and no clickiness. They are dead to the finger and as such, must provide information with visual graphics or sound. Wouldn’t it be wonderful
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Constant Force Suspension

There are several drawbacks to a traditional, passive suspension system. First, the system cannot eliminate the transmission of ground irregularities to the passenger. Second, ground disturbances are magnified by the suspension system, resulting in large disturbances to the passenger. Further, choosing spring and damper constants for optimum low-frequency ride quality results in poorer high-frequency ride quality. Additionally, choosing the best compromise set of constants for vehicle ride quali
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Coiling/Uncoiling Actuators

Introduction Shape memory alloys (SMA) are metals which can return to their original shape after deformation through the application of heat. They are in wide use for applications ranging from cardiovascular stents to reversible energy-absorbing bumpers for automobiles. SMA’s take advantage of the metal’s transition between two distinct structures, providing rapid motion at moderate forces. Technology description Inspired by the tendrils of pea vines and the cucumber plant, SMA-based actuato
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Valve and Injector Apparatus and Method for Improved Mixing in Diesel Engines

Introduction Uniform mixing of fuel and air is a pre-requisite for low emissions of NOx and soot, which is an essential requirement for new engines. Technology description Researchers at the UW have developed a method to improve the mixing inside the combustion chamber between the injected fuel and the intake air in direct injection engines. This is accomplished by a non-symmetric inlet valve that directs the momentum of inlet flow into the combustion chamber of a diesel engine so as to form a p
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Optimized Transverse Jet Injector for Squish Mixer in Internal Combustion

Introduction Rapid mixing is critical to efficient and clean diesel and gasoline engines, particularly those with direct fuel injection. This has long been recognized in diesel engines because of their greater fuel efficiency. Direct injection is also increasing in gasoline engines. Technology description Researchers at the UW have determined the optimum fuel injector configuration and the precise ratio of transverse to injector speeds for optimal mixing of fuel and air in internal combustion en
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Squish Mixer for Diesel Engines

Introduction Mixing of fuel and air occurs in vortices. The key to reducing the emissions of diesel engines is generating better vortices for mixing. Technology description Researchers at the UW have developed an improved configuration to generate the optimum vortex for mixing in diesel engines using squish and carefully shaped orifices. Business opportunity The cost of gasoline and diesel is continuing to climb. This technology will enable optimal burning of fuel, which will result in both lowe
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Active Aerodynamic Flow Control for Reduced Fuel consumption of Trucks

The Invention The invention improves the flow of air around the aft (rear) section of trucks and other heavy road vehicles (such as UAV's). A small add-on device incorporates a novel air flow control valve which generates suction and high frequency oscillations, forcing the air to conform to the shape of the add-on device and reducing drag. This is most relevant to vehicles traveling at highway speeds for long distances The Need The technology is based on using novel suction and periodic or p
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Compact Vacuum Insulation

An ultra-thin compact vacuum insulation panel is comprised of two hard, but bendable metal wall sheets closely spaced apart from each other and welded around the edges to enclose a vacuum chamber. Glass or ceramic spacers hold the wall sheets apart. The spacers can be discrete spherical beads or monolithic sheets of glass or ceramic webs with nodules protruding therefrom to form essentially "point" or "line" contacts with the metal wall sheets. In the case of monolithic spacers that form "line"
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Gas-Controlled Dynamic Vacuum Insulation with Gas Gate

Disclosed is a dynamic vacuum insulation comprising sidewalls enclosing an evacuated chamber and gas control means for releasing hydrogen gas into a chamber to increase gas molecule conduction of heat across the chamber and retrieving hydrogen gas from the chamber. The gas control means includes a metal hydride that absorbs and retains hydrogen gas at cooler temperatures and releases hydrogen gas at hotter temperatures; a hydride heating means for selectively heating the metal hydride to tempera
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Compact Vacuum Insulation Embodiments

An ultra-thin compact vacuum insulation panel is comprised of two hard, but bendable metal wall sheets closely spaced apart from each other and welded around the edges to enclose a vacuum chamber. Glass or ceramic spacers hold the wall sheets apart. The spacers can be discrete spherical beads or monolithic sheets of glass or ceramic webs with nodules protruding therefrom to form essentially "point" or "line" contacts with the metal wall sheets. In the case of monolithic spacers that form "line"
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Vehicle Cabin Cooling System for Capturing and Exhausting Heated Boundary Layer Air from Inner Surfaces of Solar Heated Windows

The cabin cooling system includes a cooling duct positioned proximate and above upper edges of one or more windows of a vehicle to exhaust hot air as the air is heated by inner surfaces of the windows and forms thin boundary layers of heated air adjacent the heated windows. The cabin cooling system includes at least one fan to draw the hot air into the cooling duct at a flow rate that captures the hot air in the boundary layer without capturing a significant portion of the cooler cabin interior
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Passive Cooling System for a Vehicle

A passive cooling system for a vehicle transfers heat from an overheated internal component, for example, an instrument panel, to an external portion of the vehicle, for example, a side body panel. The passive cooling system includes one or more heat pipes having an evaporator section embedded in the overheated internal component and a condenser section at the external portion of the vehicle. The evaporator and condenser sections are in fluid communication. The passive cooling system may also in
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Method and apparatus for thermal management of vehicle exhaust systems

A catalytic converter is surrounded by variable conductance insulation for maintaining the operating temperature of the catalytic converter at an optimum level, for inhibiting heat loss when raising catalytic converter temperature to light-off temperature, for storing excess heat to maintain or accelerate reaching light-off temperature, and for conducting excess heat away from the catalytic converter after reaching light-off temperature. The variable conductance insulation includes vacuum gas co
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Compact Vacuum Insulation

Improved compact insulation panel is provided which is comprised of two adjacent metal sheets spaced close together with a plurality of spherical, or other discretely shaped, glass or ceramic beads optimally positioned between the sheets to provide support and maintain the spacing between the metal sheets when the gases there between are evacuated to form a vacuum. These spherical glass beads provide the maximum support while minimizing thermal conductance. In its preferred embodiment; these two
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Metal-Coated Carbon Surfaces for Use in Fuel Cells

This invention relates to a highly efficient and inexpensive coating technique for coating a metal onto a carbon surfaces. Generally, the invention provides a method of coating a carbon article with a metal by cyclic voltametrically electrodepositing the metal on the carbon article by using surface electropolymerization, thereby forming a metal coating on the carbon article. Potential commercial uses and users: Stationary and vehicular power applications. Advantages: This invention is us
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Process for the development of epoxy nanocomposites

Solution / invention summary : Recent development in nanocomposite technology using organoclay as nanoscale reinforcement offers an interesting alternative for modifying epoxy resins. The new patented process enhances the degree of exfoliation of the organoclay and breaks up the agglomerates. The nanocomposites formed showed a dramatic improvement in mechanical properties at very low clay loading. Advantages / benefits : - Higher modulus; - Increased fracture toughness; - Decreased gas pe
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