Engineering - Industrial Patents for Sale or License

Alarm condition distributed fiber optic sensor with storage transmission-reflection analyzer

This invention pertains to alarm condition fiber optic sensor with storage transmission-reflection analyzer for detection and localization of any number of consecutive loss-inducing disturbances along the test fiber.
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Lubricant for surface refinement of glass for mold lubricating processes in the hollow glass industry, comprises aluminum salt of fatty acids and/or carbon-based solvents and/or suspensions, which con

The lubricant for surface refinement of glass for mold lubricating processes in the hollow glass industry and also for roller lubrication in flat glass industry for the lubrication of flat glass press molds, for the tube glass production using lubricated mandrels or for the lubrication of rollers during the roller forming of glass, comprises aluminum salt of fatty acids (30-70 wt.%), and carbon-based solvents and/or suspensions (70-30 wt.%). The carbon-based solvent and/or suspension consists of
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Multilayer circuit, particularly three-dimensional ceramic substrate system, is made of sintered ceramic material, where active electronic component is arranged in cavity

The multilayer circuit, particularly three-dimensional ceramic substrate system, is made of a sintered ceramic material. An active electronic component of a micro-system technology or Microelectromechanical systemor microelectronic is made of semiconducting material. The active electronic component is arranged in a cavity if the temperature stability of the semiconducting material and all other materials is correspondent to the sintering temperature of the ceramic substrate system. An independen
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Method and Device for Holding and Machining a Workpiece

The invention relates to a method and to a device for holding and machining workpieces (1). A first adapter piece (31) is exchanged with a second adapter piece (31') by means of a handling device (11). In a second step, the geometry of the second adapter piece (31') is adapted to the geometry of a workpiece which is to be machined by a shaping device (5,7). Then, a workpiece is placed in such a manner such that after placing, it is in surface contact with at least two adapter pieces (31'). Subse
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Chitosan-coated Wires for Biosensing

A method of forming a bioelectronic device including a protein on an electrically conductive substrate, by electrodepositing aminopolysaccharide chitosan on the substrate while applying a cathodic voltage to the substrate, to form an aminopolysaccharide chitosan film thereon, applying an anodic voltage to the substrate in the presence of NaCl to activate the aminopolysaccharide chitosan film so that it is reactive with protein. The method also optionally includes reacting the aminopolysaccharide
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Two/three-dimensional multi-layer circuit carrier producing method for e.g. automobile industry, involves applying layer of strip conductor and dielectric layer on topmost dielectric layer alternative

The method involves applying a dielectric layer (4) i.e. thermoplastic polymer layer, on certain regions of a set of electrical strip conductors (2) and the surface of a two/three-dimensional basebody (1) by injection moulding. Another set of electrical strip conductors (6) is applied on the surface of the dielectric layer by metallization process. Another dielectric layer (8) is applied on certain regions of the conductors (6). A layer of a strip conductor and a third dielectric layer are appli
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Method and Device for the Production of a Grid with Chirp

The present invention relates to a method for the production of a grid with chirp, wherein a grid structure is inscribed in a carrier in that the carrier is exposed in a diffraction field of a diffraction grid (3), wherein the diffraction grid (3) is deformed into a state with a local and/or time-dependant relative change in length for the exposure of the carrier. The invention further relates to a corresponding device for the production of a grid with chirp.
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Hot-melt Adhesive and Method for the Manufacture Thereof

The invention relates to a hot-melt adhesive, comprising at least one polysaccharide ester (6) obtained through the reaction of a polysaccharide (5) with an imidazolide (3) in molten imidazole (1). The invention further relates to a method for manufacturing the hot-melt adhesive in which imidazole (1) is melted and an acid chloride (2) and/or an acid anhydride and/or a lactone is reacted with the melted imidazole (1) to form an imidazolide (3), wherein at least one polysaccharide (5) is added to
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High Mass Throughput Particle Generation Using Multiple Nozzle Spraying

Spraying apparatus and methods that employ multiple nozzle structures for producing multiple sprays of particles, e.g., nanoparticles, for various applications, e.g., pharmaceuticals, are provided. For example, an electrospray dispensing device may include a plurality of nozzle structures, wherein each nozzle structure is separated from adjacent nozzle structures by an internozzle distance. Sprays of particles are established from the nozzle structures by creating a nonuniform electrical field b
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Adaptive Mirror and Method for the Production Thereof

The invention relates to an adaptive mirror based on a ceramic substrate comprising a corresponding reflector and piezoelectric actuators, a cooling device being built into the substrate. The invention also relates a method for producing such a mirror. Said mirror can be used for the modulatation or deformation of a high-power laser wave front.
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Computer Controlled Flow Manipulation for Vacuum Infusion Processes

Methods and apparatus for vacuum infusing resin into a fabric preform within a mold. The methods comprise deploying a VIPR chamber to increase permeability in a desired location identified by predictive modeling as best to achieve a desired flow front geometry. Suitable apparatus comprise a VIPR chamber, an image detector for detecting resin flow fronts, a processor programmed to identify a desired location to deploy the VIPR chamber, and an automatic positioner for moving the VIPR chamber to th
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Flexible Circuits and Electronic Textiles

Embodiments of wearable flexible devices and related methods are described herein. Other embodiments and related methods are also disclosed herein.
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Layered composite material formed from alternatingly arranged ceramic layers and organic polymer layers, useful as implant material and as technical ceramic in process technology or in mechanical engi

The layered composite material formed from alternatingly arranged ceramic layers (1) and organic polymer layers (2), useful as implant material and as technical ceramic in process technology or in mechanical engineering, is claimed. The connections between the layers are firmly bonded.
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Method for Production of a Ceramic Moulded Body

The present invention relates to a method for producing a ceramic molded body, comprising the steps of: (i) applying a liquid, nanosol-containing ceramic slurry on a carrier outside a consolidation liquid bath (Ii) at least partial lowering of the support in the Konsolidierungsflüssigkeitsbad, where (a) the Konsolidierungsflüssigkeitsbad contains a liquid with a pH value of the consolidation of the slurry into a shaped bodyleads, or (b) the Konsolidierungsflüssigkeitsbad a liquid with a te
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Metal Ink Compositions, Conductive Patterns, Methods, and Devices

Metal complexes adapted to form conductive metal films and lines upon deposition and treatment. The metal complex can be a covalent complex and can comprise a first and second ligand. Low temperature treatment can be used to convert the complex to a metal. The metal films and lines can have low resistivity and work function similar to pure metal. Coinage metals can be used (e.g., Ag, Au, Cu). The ligands can be dative bonding ligands including amines, unsymmetrical amines, and carboxylate ligand
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Hollow Structures Formed with Friction Stir Welding

A hollow structure, and a method of forming the hollow structure, where the hollow structure includes first and second metal parts, the second metal part having an interior surface and a tapered support member extending from the interior surface. The hollow structure also includes a friction stir welded joint that extends through the first metal part and into the tapered support member.
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Method and Apparatus for Jet-assisted Drilling Or Cutting

An abrasive cutting or drilling system, apparatus and method, which includes an upstream supercritical fluid and/or liquid carrier fluid, abrasive particles, a nozzle (10) and a gaseous or low-density supercritical fluid exhaust abrasive stream. The nozzle (10) includes a throat section (2) and, optionally, a converging inlet section (1), a divergent discharge section (3), and a feed section (12).
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Assemblies for Use in Evaluating Subsurface Contamination, and Related Methods

A method is provided for determining the presence and/or concentration of at least one contaminant in a subsurface at a test site. The method generally includes inserting a sampling assembly into at least one tree at the test site, processing at least part of the sampling assembly to determine if a contaminant is present in the at least one tree, and then correlating the presence and/or concentration of the contaminant in the at least one tree to presence and/or concentration of the contaminant
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Hollow curved structures formed with friction stir welding

The present application describes a hollow structure, and a method of forming the hollow structure, where the hollow structure includes first and second metal parts (800), the second metal part (800) having an interior surface and a tapered support member (20) extending from the interior surface. The hollow structure also includes a friction stir welded joint that extends through the first metal part and into the tapered support member to form a curved rib having a curved friction stir weld path
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System and Method for Reversible Cation-exchange Desalination

Desalination is accomplished by subjecting feed saline water to a cation exchanger in magnesium form where sodium and scale-forming cations are at least partially exchanged for non-scale-forming magnesium ions. This ion exchange also reduces the osmotic pressure of the solution. When the resultant solution is subjected to a pressure-driven membrane desalination process, scaling is reduced and desalinated water is efficiently produced at a lower pressure. After desalination, the concentrated wast
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Micro-fluidic Interconnector

A method of bonding a capillary tube made of a thermally deformable material to a passage in a glass wafer comprising the steps of treating the surface of the capillary tube to render the surface bondable and wettable by a conventional epoxy resin; inserting a support inside the capillary to prevent inward deformation of the capillary during subsequent fabricating steps; inserting the supported capillary inside the port on the wafer; heating an end of the capillary proximate a bottom portion of
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Method and Apparatus for Nondestructive Evaluation and Monitoring of Materials and Structures

A method and apparatus for nondestructive evaluation (NDE) of structures and materials using a highly nonlinear medium for the generation and detection of one or multiple highly nonlinear pulses (or highly nonlinear waves) impinging on a material or structure. The apparatus includes pulse exciters that induce the propagation of highly nonlinear, weakly nonlinear or linear stress waves in the material, system, or structure to be inspected and/or detectors for the observation and the detection of
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Desalination System and Process

The present invention pertains to an effective system and method for reducing or eliminating the formation of scale in desalination systems. The system utilizes at least one pair of electrodes in direct contact with a liquid to induce an oscillating electric field directly in a portion of the liquid or a liquid stream of the desalination system. The electric field is capable of inducing bulk precipitation of ions, minerals, salts, particulates, contaminants or a combination thereof from the liqu
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Intelligent Modeling and Control of Automation

A system and method for advanced device specific knowledge based modeling as well as intelligent control to yield high performance, low cost automation for optoelectronic design, packaging and assembly. The control loop design is based on knowledge based model predictive control. A knowledge model, specific to the assembled package's characteristics, is used to set the initial "feed-forward" conditions of an automation system. In addition to this feed-forward model for setting the initial set po
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Sample Processing Device

A floating chamber set may include a plurality of containers coupled to a frame such that each container translates vertically within a limited vertical range independent of the other containers. Each container may be perforated to allow liquid penetration.
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Method for producing internally and externally profiled workpiece i.e. hollow profiled double flanged shaft, by extrusion of massive elements in enclosed tool of hydraulic press, involves using blank

The method involves using blank in the form of a cylindrical massive element. Production of a workpiece with an inner profile and an outer profile is enabled by superposition of a bowl-extrusion process and a cross-extrusion process, where the workpiece exhibits higher temperature in areas of high degree of deformation than in areas of low degree of deformation. Forming force is same in corresponding forming areas by selection of corresponding forming temperatures. Partial heating of the workpie
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Methods for Forming Metal-polymer Hybrid Tooling for Forming Parts Having Micro Features

A method (10, 100) for forming metal-polymer hybrid tooling includes patterning a surface of a silicon wafer (20, 420), depositing a polymer material (30, 430) onto the patterned features of the surface of the silicon wafer to form a polymer layer having a reverse of the patterned surface the silicon wafer, removing the patterned polymer layer to expose a patterned polymer layer surface, depositing a metallic layer (30, 430) on the patterned polymer layer surface, and wherein the deposited metal
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Coatings, Materials, Articles, and Methods of Making Thereof

A thermal spray process comprises injecting precursor solution droplets into the hot zone of the thermal spray flame. Also described are materials resulting from the process.
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Design of Dynamic Experiments for the Modeling and Optimization of Batch Process

The present invention relates to systems and methods for the dynamic design of experiments for modeling and optimization of batch processes in a wide variety of fields. In particular, the present invention provides systems and methods for identifying, selecting, implementing, and improving upon batch, semi-batch, and/or fed-batch processes.
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Protective Oxide Coatings for Sofc Interconnections

A dense and well adhered spinel coating such as CuMn1.8O4, when deposited on a stainless steel substrate by electrophoretic deposition, significantly reduces the oxidation rate of the steel compared to the uncoated steel at elevated temperature. The protective oxide spinel coating is useful for preparing solid oxide fuel cell interconnects having long term stability at 800 DEG C.
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Lost pattern casting model used for casting of cast parts, comprises one or multiple segments, where each segment is made of plastic film of predetermined hardness

Lost pattern casting model comprises one or multiple segments, where each segment is made of a plastic film of predetermined hardness. Each segment is hollow. The plastic film has a thickness of greater than or equal to 10mu to less than or equal to 1 mm, particularly 20-150mu . The film has predetermined gas permeability. An independent claim is also included for a method for casting of cast parts, which involves producing one or multiple lost pattern casting models, which are shaped in a flask
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Vacuum Gripper for Picking Up and Setting Down Unit Loads

The invention relates to a vacuum gripper for picking up and sequentially setting down unit loads (80) layer by layer, comprising a suction surface (20) having a plurality of suction openings (21), which are connected to a vacuum supply, and an actuating device (30) for temporarily connecting the suction openings (21) to said vacuum supply. The invention is characterized in that the vacuum gripper (10; 10') comprises at least two air channels (22), each connecting a plurality of suction openings
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Forming and removing mold or core during casting, e.g. of filigree structures, by forming mold or core containing hollow particles, to be collapsed under pressure after casting

A method for forming and removing a mold and/or core during a casting process involves: (a) producing the mold and/or core from a mass containing hollow particles; (b) after the casting has solidified, exposing the mold and/or core to pressure to destroy at least some of the particles and thus collapse the mold or/or core; and (c) removing the mold and/or core residues from the casting.
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Method for the production of a mold insert for a casting mold for injection molding, comprises applying a powder forming material in a thin layer on a base surface and melting a defined area of the la

The method for the production of a mold insert for a casting mold (10') for injection molding, comprises applying a powder forming material in a thin layer on a base surface, melting a defined area of the layer with a high energetic beam through thermal power, applying a further thin layer of the powder forming material on the prior thin layer and completely constructing the mold insert, where a porosity is produced in the form insert. The high energetic beam is laser beam. A compressed gas chan
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Blue-light Cured Adhesives for Joining Fabric

A system is provided for joining fabrics by lines or arrays of dots of adhesive, the system comprising: a blue light source; a dispenser, disposed proximally with the blue light source, the dispensing system being configured to deposit at least one drop of a monomer on first and second proximate fabric surfaces; a conveyance whereby the light source and the dispensing system change position relative to the first and second fabric surfaces.
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Novel Fabric Finishing Methods and Fabrics

This invention provides methods for finishing knitted fabrics and fabrics finished by the novel process. In one embodiment, the method of finishing a knitted fabric includes the steps of: (a) stretching the fabric above about 5% but less than about 25% in width, and above about (-)7% but less than about 10% in length, (b) heat-setting the fabric to the stretched width and length at a temperature above about 120 degrees Centigrade and lowefthan about 250 degrees Centigrade, and (c) applying a pol
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Osmotic Desalination Process

An energy efficient desalination process that does not produce waste products involves the extraction of water from a first solution, such as seawater, by using a second concentrated solution to draw the water from the first solution across a semi-permeable membrane. By manipulating the equilibrium of the soluble and insoluble species of solute within the second solution in favor of the soluble species of the solute, a saturated second solution can be used to generate osmotic pressure on the fir
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Forward Osmosis Separation Processes

Separation processes using engineered osmosis are disclosed generally involving the extraction of solvent from a first solution to concentrate solute by using a second concentrated solution to draw the solvent from the first solution across a semi-permeable membrane. One or both of the solute and solvent may be a desired product. Enhanced efficiency may result from using low grade waste heat from industrial or commercial sources.
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Spiral Wound Membrane Module for Forward Osmotic Use.

A spiral wound membrane module for forward osmotic use is disclosed. The membrane module may generally include a forward osmosis membrane in a spiral wound configuration. The module may include two inlets and two outlets, and may define first and second fluid flow paths. The inlets to each of the fluid flow paths may be generally isolated so as to prevent mixing. In some embodiments, the membrane module may include a distributer region and a collector region.
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High Flux Thin-film Composite Forward Osmosis and Pressure-retarded Osmosis Membranes

One aspect of the invention relates to customized thin-film composite membranes comprising: a porous support; a selective barrier; and one or more polymeric additives dispersed in the porous support in an amount from at least about 1% and about 50% by weight of the porous support. Another aspect of the invention relates to a method of fabricating a porous support comprising the steps of: preparing a polymer solution comprising a polymer, a polymeric additive, and a first liquid; contacting a sur
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Simulated Moving Bed Membrane Reactor, New Hybrid Separation Process and Uses Thereof

The present invention consists in a new technology, a simulated moving bed, absorbent membrane reactor. This technology comprises a reactor that integrates two different separation techniques: i) chromatography (simulated moving bed - SMB); ii) permeable membrane (namely, pervaporation and permeation, inter alia) into a single device, allowing a significant increase in the productivity of the unit and considerable reduction of downstream costs associated with the downstream separation units, for
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Synthesis of Catalytic Subnanometric Au Particles Supported on Surfaces Having Amine Groups

The present invention refers to structures comprising particles of Au of subnanometric size (<3 nm) synthesized on a surface coated with molecules or polymers presenting amine groups. This invention moreover relates to a procedure for the obtainment of these structures and the use thereof as catalysts for industry.
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Platform for Metrology Instruments and Use Thereof

The invention relates to a platform for metrology instruments, comprising a base and an upper plate that rotates on the base by means of rolling spheres, as well as kinematic couplings for anchoring the upper plate in pre-determined positions and sensors for obtaining highly precise measurements of said positions. The invention is intended to be used with portable measuring instruments and to perform verification or calibration operations on said portable instruments.
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Silica and Larnite Powder Aerogel Composite Material and Use Thereof in the Storage and Fixing of Gases

A silica and larnite powder aerogel composite material is described, obtainable through mixing larnite powder (the surface whereof is chemically modified by an aminosilane) with a sol obtained through hydrolysis and polycondensation of a silane. Said material may be utilised in the storage and fixing of gases, particularly CO2.
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Method for Inoculation in Industrial Percolating Biofilters

The invention relates to a method for the inoculation of industrial percolating biofilters. The method can be used to accelerate the activation and optimal operation of a packed percolating biofilter for the removal of hydrogen sulphide. The advantages of said method include the following: a) joint immobilisation of both microbial species through the formulation of a mixed medium that can be used to grow both strains, b) a reduction in the time required for acclimatisation of the microbial popul
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New Method for Synthesis of Diacetone Glucose 3-spiro-oxazolidinone and Derivative Thereof.

The worked out new method for the synthesis of chiral spirooxazolidinone (5), as well as its derivatives (6), (7) . The offered new method for synthesis makes use of cheaper and safer chemicals and conditions, thus expanding field of their industrial application.
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Metallic Coatings on Metallic Substrates

Porous titanium coatings have been produced on Ti-6A1-4V substrates by electrophoretic deposition of TiH2 powder suspensions, followed by vacuum sintering at 850 DEG C. The use of titanium hydride resulted in lower sintering temperatures as compared to pure titanium powders and this allowed maintaining the a-ss microstructure and mechanical properties of the substrate material. Pure Ti coatings with thicknesses varying from 10 [mu]m to over 500 [mu]m, a porosity ranging from 37 to 52 % and a sur
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Emissive Lamps Comprising Metal Clusters Confined in Molecular Sieves

The present invention concerns an illumination system comprising radiation source that when operational emits radiation in wave length range below 280 nm to an emission element that comprises an assembly of oligo atomic metal clusters confined in molecular sieve for converting invisible radiation emitted by a radiation source at room temperature or an higher temperature to visible light and further a transparent envelope said illumination system.
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Environmental Barrier for a Refractory Substrate Containing Silicon

The invention relates to a method for protecting a substrate (10), in which at least one portion adjacent to a surface is made of a refractory material containing silicon, during high-temperature use in an oxidising, humid environment, which consists of forming a boron-free environmental barrier on the surface of the substrate, having at least one layer (22) essentially made of a system of oxides formed by at least one oxide of a rare earth element, silica and alumina and which is capable of sel
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Process for Preparing a Polymer

The present invention relates to a process which comprises preparing polymers. The process uses an appropriate installation, and may comprise determining at least one parameter of a physical and/or chemical conversion. The invention also relates to a corresponding screening process. According to this process, a polymerization reaction medium is made to flow in a tubular flow member (12).
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Polycyclic Molecules Discriminating Neutron and Gamma Radiation

The invention relates to a novel molecule family discriminating neutron and gamma radiation and to a method for the preparation thereof. Said molecules are also useful for detecting radiation (X, gamma, electrons, protons, ions), and thus for manufacturing radar and industrial or medical dosimetry instruments.
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Method of Preparing Surface Chemical Gradients

The present invention relates to a method of functionalizing a substrate, comprising the bringing into contact of at least a part of the surface of said substrate, comprising aldehyde functions, with a solution comprising at least two compounds bearing an amine function and having different pKas, in which the zone of contact between the surface of the substrate and the solution varies over time and where the pH of the solution is modified during this variation.
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Device and Method for Monitoring the Vibratory State of a Rotating Machine

The present invention relates to a device for monitoring the vibrations generated by a bearing of a machine formed by two coaxial races, an outer race and an inner race, with one fixed with respect to the frame of a machine and the other rotating, between which races is trapped at least one rolling element which is able to move, vibrations generated by other members of the machine having a respective frequency signature passing through this bearing, characterized in that the device comprises at
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Method of Fastening Lamellae of a Lamellar Material on a Suitable Substrate

The invention provides a method of fastening lamellae of a lamellar material that is at least partially conductive onto an insulating substrate (2) containing oxides that are suitable for dissociating into mobile ions of given charge and stationary ions of opposite charge, the method comprising the steps of: placing a sample (1) of the lamellar material against a surface of the substrate; causing the oxides of the substrate to dissociate; and subjecting the substrate and the sample to an electri
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Biodegradable Solvents for the Chemical Industry

This invention relates to ionic liquid (ILs) solvents for chemical synthesis based on an alkyl - imidazolium cation core containing ionic liquids which have enhanced biodegradability and reduced toxicity relative to existing imidazolium bases ILs such as 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium (bmmim) salts. Many of the described ILs produce a score of over 60% biodegradability over 28 days in a biodegradability test such as the Sturm Test, the Closed Bottle Test (OECD 301D) or the CO2 Headspace Test (ISO 1
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Apparatus and Method for Welding

The present invention relates to arc welding torch and a method of extracting fume gas from a welding site. The torch comprises a metal electrode and at least one shield gas port adapted to direct a shield gas curtain around the metal electrode and a welding site. At least one shroud gas port is spaced radially outward from the shield gas port and adapted to impart to an exiting shroud gas a radially outward component of velocity. Fume gas is preferably extracted from a position radially interme
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Method for Controlling Weld Quality

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide a method for controlling weld quality and improving the same. ; SOLUTION: The method includes the steps of producing a shield gas curtain 7 around the heat source and producing a shroud gas curtain 16 spaced radially outward from the shield gas curtain 7, wherein the shroud gas curtain includes a radially outward component of velocity. The shield gas curtain and the shroud gas curtain are configured to control the resultant mechanical and/or surface properties of
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Apparatus and Method for Manual Metal Arc Welding

The present invention relates to a method and apparatus for providing additional shielding to a weld site when welding with a consumable self-shielding welding electrode. The method comprises the steps of producing a shroud gas curtain spaced radially outward from the electrode and substantially controlling the axial position of the shroud gas curtain relative to the distal end of the welding electrode during consumption of said electrode during use, wherein the shroud gas curtain comprises a ra
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Apparatus and Method for Monitoring Welding

The present invention relates to apparatus and a method for displaying at least one welding condition. The apparatus comprises: a monitoring unit for monitoring at least one welding parameter, a processor for determining at least one welding condition in real-time in response to said monitored parameter(s), and a display operatively associated with said processor for displaying the so-determined welding condition in real-time. The present invention also relates to a method for automatically cont
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A Method and System for Drying Carbonaceous Material

A method and system for drying a carbonaceous material feedstock to a power station comprises heating the carbonaceous material with boiler flue gases to a temperature sufficient to enable at least partial removal of moisture from the carbonaceous material in a drying operation. Drying carbonaceous material, such as sub-bituminous or lignitic coal, involves flue gas temperature reduction facilitating integration of a carbon capture process, for example a post-carbon capture or oxy-fuel carbon ca
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Pattern Transferring By Direct Current Plasma Based Ion Implantation and Deposition

A method and apparatus is disclosed for pattern transferring by direct current plasma based ion implantation and deposition. The apparatus comprising: a vacuum chamber divided into a first part and a second part; the first part and a second part have a connecting aperture; a means for producing a plasma of charged ions in the first part; a multi-perforated grid proximal to the aperture for limiting expansion of the ion sheath beyond the grid; an ion target; a means for biasing the ions toward th
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Welded connections

A method for welding an end of a polygonal hollow section (PHS) to a member comprises the step of forming a weld across a surface of the PHS. The weld extends continuously from a connection weld connecting the PHS and the member to a location remote from the connection weld. The surface of the PHS is typically one or more flanges of the PHS, and the PHS is typically an RHS or SHS, such that the surface can be part of just one flange. A method for increasing the rotation capacity in a welded mome
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Drill Hole Planning

Forming a sequence plan for a machine to travel to a series of specified locations is described. An initial cost table (414) and a pattern of locations (412) is inputted to a Sequential Ordering Problem (SOP) solver (402). The resulting sequence (410) is processed by a motion planner (404) to derive by a motion planning procedure a plan of machine motions through the sequence. A cost table update (408) is performed based on the motion plan, which is then used for another iteration of the SOP sol
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Water Distribution Systems

A method is disclosed for use in the design of a water distribution by determining whether to locate a pressure reducing valve (PRV) in a given location comprising the steps of. (a) determining the benefit arising from reduced water leakage achieved by locating a PRV in that location; (b) determining the benefit arising from reduced pipe burst frequency achieved by locating a PRV in that location; (c) determining the benefit arising from at least one other parameter achieved by locating a PRV in
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Devices, Systems and Methods of Detecting Defects in Workpieces

This invention relates to devices, systems and methods for use in detecting a defect in a work piece. The device includes a transducer (10) comprising a piezoelectric crystal (11 ) mounted on a tungsten Epoxy backing (12). The transducer (10) is configured to operate in both receive and transmit modes. The transducers (10) can be used in various arrays, with various protocols for determining the mode of operation of any transducer at any particular time. The systems of signal analysis are descri
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An Ice Making System

This invention relates to an ice making system including a clarity of evaporators (7a,b,c), a cooling circuit for circulating refrigerant through the apparatus (7a,b,c) and a defrost circuit for defrosting at least one evaporator (7a) at a time for circulating fluid through said evaporator (7a) to defrost that evaporator (7a) wherein the system includes at reservoir (5) for defrost fluid and wherein there is a heat exchanger (4) in the cooling circuit for allowing the defrost liquid to cool the
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A Resin Applicator and a Method of Using the Same

The present invention provides an apparatus and a method for applying resin to a plurality of fibres, comprising: a housing (10) having at least one fibre entry port (20) and at least one fibre exit port; at least one fibre spreading surface (50a) arranged, in use, to spread a plurality of fibres as they move over the at least one fibre spreading surface; and at least one resin applicator head located within the housing, the at least one resin applicator head being arranged, in use, to apply res
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Diffusely Radiating Led Light System

A lighting device (7) for illuminating objects, the lighting device comprising: a plurality of light emitting diodes (1) wherein at least one of the plurality of light emitting diodes is adapted to generate light having a spectrum different from a spectrum of light generated by another light emitting diode of said plurality of light emitting diodes; and a chamber (8) comprising a first reflective surface (3a) and an opening (5) for allowing light to exit said chamber, said opening having a perip
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Desalination

A desalination system includes a heated separation unit for receiving seawater or other non-potable water under pressure in droplet or mist form through a sprayer. A cyclone separator separates salt and other solids from the droplets or mist and discharges such solids from the separation unit. Water vapor from the droplets or mist is delivered to a condenser which chills the water vapor to thereby form pure water for delivery to an end user. Air from the condenser is preferably returned to the s
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Removable Anchoring Pedicle Screw

A removable anchoring pedicle screw includes an implant mounting screw, an anchor screw, and a nose piece. The anchor screw is configured to be rotated relative to the implant mounting screw such that the nose piece engages an expandable anchor. The expandable anchor is disposed between the implant mounting screw and the nose piece such that rotation of the anchor screw relative to the implant mounting screw causes expansion of the expandable anchor.
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Pressure sensor apparatus and pressure sensor housing

A pressure sensor apparatus and a pressure sensor housing are provided that are capable of preventing the occurrence of frozen moisture, swelling of a gel-like coating member and damage of a pressure sensor element (201) without accumulating moisture, oil, gasoline or the like on a protective wall (108) even when the pressure sensor apparatus is disposed obliquely. The protective wall (108) prevents entry of foreign matter into the pressure detection chamber (102), or a pressure sensor housing o
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Powder Coating Composition

The present invention provides a powder coating composition, and in particular a corrosion protection enhanced high temperature resistant powder coating which, when exposed to high temperature, withstands adhesion failure or cracking, often called mud cracking, which is due to a mismatch in thermal coefficients between the coating and the substrate, the powder coating composition comprising a corrosion inhibitor and reinforcing fibres which increases the tensile modulus, elongation and tensile s
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Metal Forming

A method of forming a sector for a nacelle lip skin from a sheet metal blank comprising the steps of :providing an arcuate or annular punch (7) or mandrel having an inner surface, an outer surface and a leading edge, said punch (7) substantially corresponding in shape to an inner surface of at least a sector of the nacelle lip skin, placing the blank (13) against the outer surface of the punch (7) and clamping a trailing edge of the blank (13) in a clamping means (11,12) to hold the blank (13) a
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Catalysed Dye Systems

The present invention is concerned with a dye system for application to a substrate, the dye system comprising: (a) at least one dye precursor; (b) an oxidising agent; and (c) a catalyst, wherein the catalyst is a homogeneous catalyst or a heterogeneous catalyst. Preferably, the catalyst comprises at least one metal-containing compound. The invention also envisages a method for the coloration of a substrate, the method comprising treating the substrate with the dye system of the invention. In pr
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Erbium-doped Optical Glass

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide an erbium-doped optical glass having the advantage that it has a gain profile which is both smoother and broader than known silica-based glasses. ; SOLUTION: The erbium-doped glass includes: (a) host glass; (b) an effective amount of erbium dopant; (c) a concentration of 10-40 mol% network modifying metal fluoride; and (d) further ingredients, wherein the amounts of (a), (b), (c) and (d) are totally 100%. ; COPYRIGHT: (C)2011,JPO&INPIT
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Device

A device capable of random lasing comprising a substrate and a rare earth-doped glass fabricated on the substrate in the form of a waveguide, wherein the glass comprises a germanium glass, a titanium glass or a chalcogenide glass.
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Counter-current Chromatographic Arrangement

A chromatographic apparatus for separating components of a mixture comprises a fluid- liquid counter-current column (10) having a central supply region (14) for the mixture, upper and lower phase supply pumps (31, 32) at opposite ends of the column and ultra-violet detectors (35, 36) for detecting the composition of an eluant, the apparatus being monitored and controlled by a processor (40). The supply pumps (31, 32) are operated alternately so that one phase moves while the other is stationary.
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Fluorescent Dyes and Complexes

A fluorescent dye comprising a xanthene-derived fluorophore having the formula (I) wherein R1, R2, R3, R4, R5 and R6 are independently selected from H, alkyl, alkoxy, alcohol, ether, alkenyl, alkenoxy, aryl, aralkyl and amido, except that R1, R4 and/or R5 is not H when bonded to Y, Y1 or Y2, respectively; X is either O- or S-; and at least one of Y, Y1, Y2, Y3, Y4 and Y5 is a group for covalently bonding the dye, optionally through, the use of a coupling agent, to a target molecule, and is other
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Pipeline Tracking and Identification

Commercial opportunity: A wireless innovative system of accurate tracking and identification of underground, built-in or hidden, metallics and non metallics structures, as pipes, conduits, cables and other objects, without the need of any invasive or destructive work. The commercial activities also include RFID devices, automation systems and software development. The patenting position of the invention: US Patent Application nº12/046,882 – Date Publication: October 16, 2008 US Pate
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Liquefied Natural Gas Chain

The technology has its main application in the area of LNG handling. An improved transport chain involving CO2, nitrogen and LNG is incorporated to obtain enhanced oil recovery while optimizing ship utilization and saving power by preservation of cooling properties in both ends of the new LNG chain. DESCRIPTION The concept of the new LNG chain is preservation of cooling capabilities both on- and offshore. Using CO2 and nitrogen as cold carriers in a novel LNG offshore process, liquefied CO2
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Recuperative heat exchanger for aluminium production

The production of aluminium results in huge amounts of waste gas which consume a lot of power in disposal because the gas holds a high temperature. It is essential to recuperate as much heat as possible from the waste gas, a procedure that is limited by current technology. If a solution can be found to purify the gas more efficiently, power costs will be reduced, improving the total productivity of the aluminium plant. DESCRIPTION The present invention relates to upstream cooling of crude
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High capacity drill pipe for oil recovery

In the field of oil extraction, drilling new wells is crucial for increased oil recovery. A wide range of measurement and steering tools is needed to improve well placement and identify a reservoir’s “sweet” spot. High-speed, real-time data transmission in wired drill pipe is essential to obtain maximum throughput. Specially engineered to enable maximum drilling efficiency and enhanced well control by delivering bi-directional data transmission between the surface and downhole tools, this
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Metal-composite interface for tubular structures

The technology has its main application as a solution for end-termination of tubular structures of composite materials. Carbon-composite risers for oil and gas production are one important arena where the technology can be used. This interface offers a stronger, more secure and less costly solution than current alternatives. DESCRIPTION NTNU researchers have developed a new design for an interface between a composite tube structure and metal terminations such as flanges or other tube and
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Burner for combustion of gaseous fuels

During the production of heavy oils from, for example oil-sand, it is necessary to burn gaseous fuels produced in the process of cracking the heavy molecules of the heavy oils. DESCRIPTION The inventors of the technology are researchers at NTNU and SINTEF. The invention consists of a burner geometry and a method for using the burner. When burning gaseous fuels it is important to reduce the emissions of nitrogen oxides. This burner is based on a simple geometry that is suitable for burning se
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Tensegrity structure for offshore use

In the aquaculture and fish farming industry, flexible and reliable net cage structures are vital. Large installations which are easily transported/moved without being compromised are a pain in the market. The repeating cell system of the tensegrity structure is of great flexibility and low weight, making it highly suitable for the fish farming industry. The relatively low-cost solution has attracted attention in the USA and Norway and stands out in an industry distinguished by high maintenance
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Contra-Rotating Propeller for Hydropower

Mini- and micro power plants have become more important in recent years, and small-scale water turbines are in demand. The contra-rotating propeller is easily manufactured, easy to move and adapt from one water- course to another. It can serve as a power generator, pressure reducer or as an element in irrigation installations. The versatile invention makes use of well-known technology concepts in a new design. DESCRIPTION The research community at NTNU water power laboratory and SINTEF techn
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Friction Pipe Welding Device

BACKGROUND Various methods are available for joining plastic piping including the use of solvents, mechanical couplings and welding methods. Ease of use, speed of operation and above all robust joints are criteria by which available methods are judged. Researchers at the University of Manchester have developed a novel method for welding polymer and polymer composite pipes of various geometries. The technique does not require any pipe surface pre-treatment. It is also fast, efficient, easy to use
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