Energy Patents for Sale or License

Operating Fuse Deflector

Linesman can be seriously injured by the sparks and debris that shoot out of the bottom of the fuse barrel. The Fuse Deflector is a safety device that shields linesman from sparks and debris that result from the explosion when a fuse is triggered.
[PURCHASE DETAILS HERE]


Generator Tube Bubbles

Generator Tube Bubbles

Thermodynamic principle for electricity generation from the use of geothermal and solar sources of energy avoiding the use of fossil fuels in support of ecology.
[PURCHASE DETAILS HERE]


Operating Fuse Deflector

Overhead high voltage electrical distribution lines in the United States use fuses to protect the integrity of the delivery system from electrical current surges and overloads. These fuses typically are in 100 amp or 200 amp models. When the fuse is triggered, the bottom portion of the fuse barrel explodes and the fuse link is destroyed. This explosion causes a large spark as well as other fuse debris to be discharged downwardly from the bottom portion of the fuse barrel. Once the fuse is blown,
...

Generator Tube Bubbles

Thermodynamic principle for electricity generation from the use of geothermal and solar sources of energy avoiding the use of fossil fuels in support of ecology. Also it serves as decorative item and stress reduction besides being didactic because you can observe the flow and the transformation of energy into helping their bubbles the development of intelligence and imagination. Based on the above, I discovered a system to increase fuel efficiency in automobiles and increase th
...

Active Volume Energy Level Large Scale Sub-sea Energy Fluids Storage Methods and Apparatus for Power Generation and Integration of Renewable Energy Sources

Extremely safe and low cost Large Capacity Energy Gas (natural gas, hidrogen, etc) Subsea Storage System. Systems and methods for storing energy in gaseous form in submerged thin-walled tanks are secured to the ocean or lake floor but are open to the water at the tank bottoms and are configured to be filled with gas while submerged. A conduit operatively connected to the tanks provides flow from a surface source of an energy-containing gas to the tank interiors. Surface or subsurface pumping
...

Solar Collector including a Solar Turbine or a Turbocompressor

The invention relates to a solar collector including a solar turbine or a turbocompressor, comprising: an inlet for external air, a compressor, a regenerative heat exchanger, a conical solar collector formed by a spiral tube that is thermally insulated in the area that is not exposed to solar radiation using a ceramic material, fuel gas injectors, a turbine coupled to the compressor and a generator, and an outlet for releasing air and exhaust gases to the exterior.
...

Power Plant Changing Sea Wave Energy into Electric Energy

This invention is about a power plant changing the potential and kinetic energy within the wave motion into electric energy through the designed system. The pontoon element positioned on a main shaft is moved vertically up/down and this motion is transferred to the pulleys as rotary motion through the belt. As a result of the changing of linear motion into rotary motion, the input shaft of reducer is actuated both clockwise and counterclockwise. This two-way motion is changed into one-way rotary
...

Electric Generator with efficiency more 100% and electricity production without input energy

This invention is an electric generator which can produce electricity by filter of magnetic field and input energy. In other words it is motor which moves without needing for input energy (electricity or any other energy). The period of ending the project is for a year and we need an investor to produce the first sample. We will hostile acts to assure investor including putting any letter of guarantee and security, the possibility of termination of contract and paying establishment changes if we
...

Multifunctional Construction Molding with Integrated Electrical Interconnect and Outlet

"This patent describes an electrical distribution system that includes a power track integrated within structure, trim, or architectural elements. This electrical distribution system also includes electrical adapters or interface plug-to-receptacle device that allows a conventional electrical plug to be plugged into the narrow opening of the power track. This technology provides advantages over conventional electrical wall outlets, including improved aesthetics and an increase in the points-
...

Air Cooled Umbrella

An air cooled sunshade constructed to provide cooling under the canopy of the sunshade.
...

System for converting industrial engines into clean, more powerful energy converters

Powerful two stroke industrial motor producing high torque at low RPM. Most existing industrial Diesel or Gas engines can be converted to technology. After conversion engine is about 1.5 times more powerful, has double power/weight ratio and generates little or no NOX. Engine works with all gazeaous fuels. Production costs of new engine are lower than those of similar capacity engine. Technology developed to replace all current Diesel engines whose emissions are carcinogenic. Engine uses include
...

Hidra Force - Harnessing River Power Without the Dam !

A Single Solution Hidra Force has patented a water turbine for modular in-stream power plants that can be easily deployed within many rivers in the world without affecting the surrounding nature. There’s no need for riverbed or flow modifications as is commonly the case with hydropower. The product offers very high efficiency for power generation, with just 1.5 m/s to 2 m/s required water flow and depth starting from 2 m. That means that th
...

Sample and hold circuit and method for maintaining unity power factor

An AC electrical system has a source voltage and current interconnected through an energy storage device with a load. A unity power factor control circuit maintains unity power factor incorporating the steps of producing a sample and hold voltage related to the input voltage and an output voltage where the sample and hold voltage maintains constant values between pulses of a clock signal. A modulated signal at each clock pulse fall produces a current feedback voltage proportional to the source c
...

Redoxint project

Here are some key phrases that describe the Redoxint project: 1. Completely ecological industrial platform without any gas emittion or other polluting materials. 2. Burning thousands of tonnes of household waste annually per furnace (without needing selection). 3. Alternative fuel production at competitive prices and in massive amounts. 4. Waste processing and industrial pollution neutralising of any kind (even burning gasses) 5. The re-launching and sustaining of the chemical industry on a
...

System and Method for Increasing the Efficiency of a Solar Heating System

A modified evacuated tube solar collector is used to improve the performance of refrigerant based heat pumps. During cooler weather, when the heat pump does not draw sufficient heat from the air to heat effectively, the solar collector provides additional heat to the refrigerant boosting the heat pumps performance and negating the need for using electric or gas heat. The solar collector also helps eliminate "cold blow", which is cool air that is produced for the first several minutes the heat pu
...

Motor running two system.

Motor running two system is a motor that can generate mechanical energy and electric energy at the same time. By this type of motor is designed to have a reunion between the electric motor and dynamo in the same machine made while working motor is able to generate mechanical energy and electric energy at the same time. The electric motor can be created from the electromagnetic field that has major occurring while the motor is running. The electric power that happen to be more or
...

NEW 110mpg HP2g™ HYBRID Internal combustion engine and method of operating same # US 8616175 B2

** US 8616175 Patent with International applications also An internal combustion engine and a method for maximizing fuel efficiency of an internal combustion engine. The internal combustion engine includes an engine block assembly having an electromagnet coupled thereto and an engine component movable relative to the engine block assembly. The engine component includes a permanent magnet coupled thereto. A control system is provided to selectively provide an electrical current to the electrom
...

A System for Detecting, Monitoring, Recording and Transmitting Data on Power Consumption

The present invention aims at overcoming the above drawback and provides a system for detecting, monitoring, recording and transmitting data on power consumption, which comprises in combination - (i) means for observing power consumption such as an energy monitor (1); (ii) power control unit (2) receiving power from 220-230V a.c. supply and converting it to d.c. for supplying power to different units of energy monitoring system; (iii) modem (3), which is a modulator-demodulator receiving signal
...

Wideband Transducer for Measuring a Broad Range of Currents in High Voltage Conductors

This patent describes an instrument that can measure currents almost anywhere but was invented primarily for electrical power systems. This instrument is called a magnetic field current sensor (MFCS). A website at www.frsconsulting.biz describes the instrument in detail and covers the development work done in a test laboratory, installation of a three phase power loss measuring system in a transformer manufacturing plant that has been in operation since mid 2013, and a 115 kV high voltage curr
...

Motor-Generator

An invention in which, due to the non-standard method of generation and unique design of the motor-generator, the electric motor and the generator modes are combined into one and are connected inseparably. As a result, on applying the load, the interaction between the magnetic fields of the stator and the rotor creates a torque, which by its direction coincides with the torque generated by the external drive. In other words, when the power consumption of the generator load is increased, the
...

Smart Pilot Light for a Green World Indicates True Power

Smart Pilot Light (SPL) US Patents 7315255 and 7439874 was design to indicate if a device (pump, fan, oven, air conditioner, lights, heater etc.) is truly on/running (active) and consuming power. Unlike conventional pilot lights which only indicates available power, the SPL will also indicate if the device is active and consuming power. The SPL uses a two color LED (bi-state LED), green to indicate power available and red to indicate device is active. This is accomplished by sensing the operati
...

Thermoelectric power generation method and apparatus

Power is generated using a thermoelectric power generation unit. The thermoelectric power generation unit has at least one thermoelectric module disposed between a first heat sink arranged inside the thermoelectric power generation unit and a second heat sink arranged outside the thermoelectric power generation unit. The thermoelectric power generation unit is inserted into a ducting network carrying relatively hot air during some periods of time and relatively cold air during other periods of t
...

Modular Power Distribution and Control System

The invention describes apparatus for designing and installing power distribution systems for: residential, commercial and industrial applications, as well as for power distribution within electro-mechanical devices. The invention transforms existing labor-intense installations into practically plug-and-power type modular systems. For a specific project, pre-designed, fabricated and tested kit, including factory assembled and tested: power and control enclosures, power outlets and junction boxes
...

Combined outlet for accepting multiple enlarged plugs and surge protector

The COMIBINED OUTLET PLUGS FOR ENLARGED AND ACCEPTING MULTIPLE SURGE PROTECTOR is a Multitake circular current, which converts two outlets for electricity in six starts, four of them spaced at 45 degrees, making it easy to place chargers allowing larger role multipurpose, with surge protector. It also has inputs and outputs phone. Is designed as an extension of wall or on the floor.
...

Wave energy device with lazy tongs

It is a wave energy converter, using a float system to convert the up and down motion of waves into a unidirectional rotary motion to turn a generator or other output devices. It has been tested with collaboration with Newcastle University, under a post graduate MSc course project, with scientific laboratory wave tank testing and numerical analysis. It has been found, among other things, that my WEC has an efficiency rating of 44 percent, compared to wind generators with efficiency rating of
...

Cryogenic Flywheel Generator with C-coil Technology.

Cryogenic flywheel generator (CFG) with C-coil technology this is new type of energy generator. CFG is running on liquid nitrogen. Nitrogen is a colorless, odorless, tasteless, nontoxic, nonflammable gas. Nitrogen composes about four-fifths (78.03 percent) by volume of the atmosphere. Nitrogen is inert and serves as diluent for oxygen in burning and respiration processes. It can be condensed into a colorless liquid. Pure nitrogen is obtained by fractional distillation of liquid air; because
...

Gas Bubble Storage

Nano-bubble storage of hydrogen. A method and product patent. Extremely high pressure storage in a nano-scale water bubble that is producible under at atmospheric temperature and pressure. Product is a quasi-liquid that is comparable to gasoline in energy content. Interested rd&d parties have can take partial ownership. A sale or license of the invention is possible. Inventor/national lab scientist now deceased: Not yet produced or tested.
...

Hydraulic Omnidirectional Eolian Transducer with Carousel Movement

The present discloses a hydraulic omni-directional eolian transducer with carousel movement, with propellant paddles design easy and simple so it can produce a pair of forces at little rotation speed, depending on the area of its paddles and of the arm length in which there are mounted and the number of said paddles; said transducer operates in two movements: general turn of the vertical axis in carousel in which the propellant paddles arms and particular alternate turn of the paddles around the
...

External Combustion Engine

The technology permit an instantaneous torque management for Stirling engines. The technology enable a bi-cylindrical external combustion engine to modulate instantaneously the torque delivered to the drive shaft, thanks an action on the moving parts that produce a variation of motor phase characteristic, and the reciprocal, angular, position of the hot and the cold cylinder. The main innovation of the engine is based on the possibility of varying in a simple way the power on the shaft, so
...

zero atmospheric emissions I/C engine

engine recycles waste stream gases, converting waste stream gases into usable fuel while adding biomass based fuel thru the gasification process. Other byproducts such as biochar and biooil are seperated to be refined again into usable fuel. Steam and hydrogen gas injection systems further eliminate any emissions into the atmoshere, making it a zero atmosphere polluting engine.
...

The AC Power Solid State Generator (Self Recharging 100%)

“The AC Power Solid State Generator” (self-recharging) - upgraded “The Ac power solid state generator” can provide clean (non toxic) electricity in the terra watt range (billions of watts of electricity) and recharge it self while providing such massive power to homes, offices, and industrial plants, which is why it is worth trillions of dollars. The patent is being sold for only $2 billion dollars. License agreement and joint venture partnerships are also optional at this time. Ma
...

High Efficiency LED lighting unit

A LED Light unit which can be installed in a new luminaire or can be used as a retro-fit lamp in existing devices. Complete with proprietary optic system, heatsink and assembly methods.
...

Fast rechargeable electric System for stand-alone Power Sources

The present invention relates to an Electro-Mechanical system capable to recharge in short times: seconds or minutes, an electric storage unit, which remains electrically charged, to operate as power source for electric or electronic equipments, for long times: days, weeks or months. This Electro-mechanical system comprises: a converter unit, 1, typically mounted aboard of a vehicle, 4, able to generate the high current intensity and to provide the power conversion. A power connectors system, 3,
...

Method for removing sulfur dioxide, mercury, and nitrogen oxides from a gas stream

A NOx removal process that also captures mercury. Due to the low concentration of mercury, it is captures almost for free - substantially lower cost than activated carbon. Very high mercury capture process. Very high NOx removal process! Methods for post flue gas desulfurization removal of NOx and mercury. Laboratory tests have peen performed that prove the results! Test results showed near 100% capture. This would apply to many fossil fuel fired applications and offers a big
...

Environmental Energy Conversion Device

Present invention is related to energy conversion and using thermal energy spread out in the outside environment it is the same energy which Sun, and other human devices produce and release in the environment. It is modified process that used for heat pumps; to pump-in the surrounding thermal energy in closed system and convert it to work or mechanical energy by pump into multiple turbines cascaded to thermal insulating chambers filled with refrigerants . By cascading multiple turbine stag
...

Cooling System for Nuclear Reactors

This invention of the cooling system for nuclear power plants, is to use a cooling system rare closed loop, with the particularity of using a cooling coil in a closed circuit liquid nitrogen cooling as an accelerator, and an atmospheric generator water to replace water which has been evaporated in the reactor. On one hand, atmospheric water generator, works by converting atmospheric humidity into water. Allows produce water extraction from atmospheric moisture by a process of condensation, ba
...

Detonation flame arrestor including a spiral wound wedge wire screen for low MESG Gases

With recent explosions of hydrogen in Japanese nuclear plants there is a need for a device that will stop an explosion of hydrogen/oxygen in an enclosed system regardless of the magnitude of the explosion. A Detonation Flame Arrestor (DFA) is designed to extinguish a flame front resulting from an explosion or detonation of a gas in a piping system. However, in addition to extinguishing the flame, the DFA must be capable of dissipating (attenuating) the pressure front that precedes the flame fron
...

Mixotrophic Algae for the Production of Algae Biofuel Feedstock on Wastewater

The disclosure encompasses, among other aspects, mixed algal populations able to survive and proliferate on culture media that have a high proportion of an industry wastewater. In particular, at least one strain of an alga in the algal population proliferates mixotrophically. Embodiments further encompass methods of cultivating mixed populations of freshwater and marine alga comprising a plurality of genera and species to provide a biomass from which may be extracted lipids, or converted into bi
...

Plasmonic Assisted Systems and Methods for Interior Energy-activation from an Exterior Source

A method and a system for producing a change in a medium disposed in an artificial container. The method places in a vicinity of the medium at least one of a plasmonics agent and an energy modulation agent. The method applies an initiation energy through the artificial container to the medium. The initiation energy interacts with the plasmonics agent or the energy modulation agent to directly or indirectly produce the change in the medium. The system includes an initiation energy source configur
...

Lithium Argyrodite

The invention relates to lithium argyrodite of the general formula (I): Li+ (12-n-x)Bn+ X2- 6-x Y- x (I), where Bn+ is selected from the group P, As, Ge, Ga, Sb, Si, Sn, Al, In, Ti, V, Nb, and Ta, X2 - is selected from the group S, Se, and Te, Y- is selected from the group Cl, Br, I, F, CN, OCN, SCN, N3, and where 0 = x = 2, and a method for the production thereof, and the use thereof as a lithium-ion electrolyte in primary and secondary electrochemical energy storage.
...

Thin Flexible Rechargeable Electrochemical Energy Cell and Method of Fabrication

A thin, rechargeable, flexible electrochemical energy cell includes a battery cell, or a capacitor cell, or a battery/capacitor hybrid cell that can be stackable in any number and order. The cell can be based on a powdery mixture of hydrated ruthenium oxide particles or nanoparticles with activated carbon particles or nanoparticles suspended in an electrolyte. The electrolyte may contain ethylene glycol, boric acid, citric acid, ammonium hydroxide, organic acids, phosphoric acid, and/or sulphuri
...

live muscle engine

The aim is to use living muscle tissues as transducers,they will convert glucose into motion or work.USE OF GLUCOSE AS RENEWABLE SOURCE OF ENERGY (THE LIVE MUSCLE ENGINE) The most efficient transducer is the living muscle it converts almost 50% of the glucose it gets from the blood into energy(motion) while the remaining percentage is converted to heat which the body and enzymes need to carry out there metabolic processes. Since there is much talk about renewable energy due to the much depende
...

Gas adsorption and gas mixture separatoins using mixed-ligand MOF material

A method of separating a mixture of carbon dioxiode and hydrocarbon gas using a mixed-ligand, metal-organic framework (MOF) material having metal ions coordinated to carboxylate ligands and pyridyl ligands.
...

Fluorescence Resonance Energy Transfer Assays for Sarco/endoplasmic Reticulum Calcium Atpase and Phospholamban

Provided herein are methods for identifying molecules capable of modulating SERCA, the SERCA-PLB complex or the microenvironment of the complex. An exemplary assay provided herein is fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET). Also provided herein are FRET assays that are optimized for high-throughput screening (HTS) for identifying small molecules that modulate SERCA or the SERCA-PLB complex. Further provided are kits for carrying out said methods for identifying molecules.
...

Novel DNA Nanostructures That Promote Cell-Cell Interaction and Use Thereof

The present invention provides a ligand-nucleic acid nanostructure that promotes cell-cell interaction. Specially, the invention provides a ligand-nucleic acid nanostructure for treating tumor in a mammal. The methods of using and making the composition comprising a ligand-nucleic acid nanostructure are also provided.
...

Applicable Fluorescence of Diamondoids

Provided is a fluorescent diamondoid material which when energized, either by an electric field or by high energy radiation, emits light. The light emitted is generally in the visible range. The diamondoid material can be fine tuned by internal or external doping. The fluorescent materials comprised of diamondoids, have applications in several fields. One application is in solar cells where these materials can be used to improve the overall efficiency of the device. A second application is in in
...

Driving element's continuous movement changing method, involves producing continuous movement of driving element by drive, and transferring kinetic energy of driving element from energy storage to dri

The method involves producing continuous movement of a driving element (16) by a drive (13) that is arranged on a driving side (11). Kinetic energy of the driving element is supplied to an energy storage (18) e.g. magnet. The kinetic energy is transferred from the energy storage to a driven element (20), where the driven element is boundedly fixed. Feeding energy of the driving element is stored in the energy storage when a brake element (21) of the driven element is fixed. The brake element is
...

Fuel cell system for use in electrical or electronic device e.g. computer, has fuel double cell with cathode-sided devices, cathodes, anodes and proton exchange membranes, where cathodes are connected

The system (1) has a fuel double cell (2) comprising two cathode-sided devices (3), two cathodes, two anodes and two proton exchange membranes. The cathode-sided devices are provided for supplying current and for cathode-sided gas diffusion, where the cathodes are connected with oxygen-containing gas layers through the cathode-sided devices. A tubular reformer unit (6) has a container in inner side for accommodating the fuel (7, 8), and an opening for discharging the fuel is provided in an area
...

Method for reducing the thermal background radiation of spectroscopes and detector assembly for use in the infrared range

The method involves cooling a detector heat shield (20) and arranging a filter unit (21) within an evacuated area (17). A diffractive or dispersive optical system (11) is arranged before an aperture (22) facing away from the detector (16) for generating a spectrum. The filter unit is cooled to the temperature of the detector. The detector is shielded from unwanted background radiation by the cooled filter unit. An independent claim is included for a detector arrangement for use in infrared range
...

Sodium Ion Based Aqueous Electrolyte Electrochemical Secondary Energy Storage Device

A secondary hybrid aqueous energy storage device includes an anode electrode, a cathode electrode which is capable of reversibly intercalating sodium cations, a separator, and a sodium cation containing aqueous electrolyte, wherein an initial active cathode electrode material comprises an alkali metal containing active cathode electrode material which deintercalates alkali metal ions during initial charging of the device.
...

Methods and Apparatuses for Monitoring Energy Consumption and Related Operations

Apparatus and method including acquiring a signal indicative of power consumption; detecting a transient in the signal; extracting a feature indicative of the transient, wherein extracting the feature includes: fitting a plurality of models to the transient, selecting one of the plurality of models as a model for the transient, and defining the feature indicative of the transient based on at least one parameter of the model for the transient; and classifying the transient based on the feature.
...

System and Method for Harvesting Energy from Environmental Vibrations

Embodiments of the present invention provide a system and a method for increasing the harvested energy from a piezoelectric element exposed to environmental vibrations via a two-prong system. In a first prong, a cantilever beam is tapered and shaped so as to increase and provide an approximately uniform strain on and along the beam, thus resulting in increased voltage. In a second prong of the system and method, a voltage compensating circuit, when used with a voltage inversion circuit of the pr
...

Fossil Fuel-free Process of Lignocellulosic Pretreatment with Biological Hydrogen Production

The invention provides an isolated haloalkaliphilic microorganism designated as strain sapolanicus belonging to the genus Halanaerobium, which is capable of producing hydrogen from biomass. Methods of producing biohydrogen comprising the fermentation of the microorganism with alkaline pretreated biomass are also provided. Fermentation is preferably carried out without neutralization of the pretreated biomass and at a pH of greater than or equal to about 10.
...

Flame Ionization Detector

The flame ionization detector, which has a feed and an ignition device (7) for the fuel gas, a feed for the sample gas, a combustion chamber (4) in which the sample gas is ionized by the flame, and electrodes (8, 1) to which a voltage is applied in order to generate and measure the ion current, is distinguished by the fact that it is constructed as an integrated planar system from at least three parallel lamellar substrates (1, 2, 3) which are connected to one another and are processed using mic
...

Process and Apparatus for the Microbial Production of a Specific Product

The process according to the invention for the microbial production of a specific product and methane comprises the following steps: a) the production in a bioreactor (2, 10) of a specific product from a specific substrate using a specific organism, the producer, wherein during the production of this product metabolites such as e.g. low-molecular alcohols, aldehydes and acids, hydrogen and CO2, which may inhibit the production of the product, are obtained; and b) the production of methane by mea
...

Method and System for the Selective Oxidative Decarboxylation of Fatty Acids

Selective, radically initiated oxidative decarboxylation may produce low viscosity renewable fuels from biologically derived fats and oils. Fatty acids and triglycerides may be decarboxylated using oxidants at a water/oil interface. The oxidants may be produced using photo-Fenton reagents. The reaction advantageously can be carried out at room temperature and pressure and has fewer unwanted byproducts than traditional decarboxylation techniques.
...

Piezoelectric Vibrational Energy Harvesting Systems Incorporating Parametric Bending Mode Energy Harvesting

Vibrational energy harvesting (VEH) structures that include resonant beams each having a fundamental resonance frequency and a parametric mode frequency and including at least one piezoelectric layer for generating electrical charge in response to each of fundamental-resonance excitation and parametric-mode excitation of that beam. Circuitry is provided for harvesting the electrical charge from the resonant beam. In some embodiments, the parametric mode frequency of the beam is tuned to be close
...

The Effect of Natural and Synthetic Antioxidants on the Oxidative Stability of Biodiesel

Disclosed are biodiesel fuels with improved oxidative stability. Disclosed are biodiesel fuels which comprise two or more antioxidants which increase the oxidative stability of the biodiesel fuel.
...

ZnO NANOPARTICLE CATALYSTS FOR USE IN TRANSESTERIFICATION AND ESTERIFICATION REACTIONS AND METHOD OF MAKING

A method of forming a product, such as a biodiesel product, and a heterogeneous catalyst system used to form said product that has a high tolerance for the presence of water and free fatty acids (FFA) in the oil feedstock is disclosed. This catalyst system may simultaneously catalyze both the esterification of FAA and the transesterification of triglycerides present in the oil feedstock. The catalyst system is comprised of a mixture of zinc oxide and a second metal oxide. The zinc oxide includes
...

Supported Catalyst Systems and Method of Making Biodiesel Products Using Such Catalysts

A heterogeneous catalyst system, a method of preparing the catalyst system and a method of forming a biodiesel product via transesterification reactions using the catalyst system is disclosed. The catalyst system according to one aspect of the present disclosure represents a class of supported mixed metal oxides that include at least calcium oxide and another metal oxide deposited on a lanthanum oxide or cerium oxide support. Preferably, the catalysts include CaO-CeO2ZLa2O3 or CaO-La2O3/CeO2. Op
...

Methods and Catalysts for Making Biodiesel from the Transesterification and Esterification of Unrefined Oils

A method of forming a biodiesel product and a heterogeneous catalyst system used to form said product that has a high tolerance for the presence of water and free fatty acids (FFA) in the oil feedstock is disclosed. This catalyst system may simultaneously catalyze both the esterification of FAA and the transesterification of triglycerides present in the oil feedstock. The catalyst system according to one aspect of the present disclosure represents a class of zinc and lanthanum oxide heterogeneou
...

Composition for Energy Generator, Storage, and Strain Sensor and Methods of Use Thereof

Compositions and devices for harvesting electrical energy from mechanical and thermal energy, storing such produced energy, and sensing strain based on low cost materials and processes. In embodiments, the compositions are flexible and include a flexible polymer embedded and coated with a nanostructured piezoelectric material.
...

Multiple Antenna Energy Harvesting

Energy harvesting circuits and associated methods are provided that employ multiple antennas to optimize the amount of energy that is harvested while at the same time making efficient use of tag space. In some embodiments, matching networks are chosen in a manner that optimizes the DC energy that is created from the harvesting process. In other embodiments, phase shifts are introduced into the received signals to allow the signals to be more efficiently combined after they are rectified.
...

Recharging Method and Apparatus

The present invention provides apparatus and an associated method for remotely energizing power storage devices. Energization may preferably be effected through the use of RF energy from a base station, ambient energy or ultra-wide band energy. The remote station preferably has at least one antenna having an effective area greater than its physical area. The system may have an antenna and associated circuitry provided on an electronic chip such as a monolithic chip or on a printed circuit with a
...

Wireless Energy Transfer System

A wireless energy transfer system includes a first energy transfer unit having at least one resonant frequency, a second energy transfer unit having the at least one resonant frequency, and a load. The first wireless energy transfer unit includes a first coil magnetically coupled to a first wireless energy transfer cell, and the second wireless energy transfer unit includes a second coil magnetically coupled to a second wireless energy transfer cell. The first coil receives first energy and thro
...

Polymer Dispersed Liquid Crystal Photovoltaic Device and Method for Making

A novel photovoltaic device including a polymer dispersed liquid crystal (PDLC) material that is capable of converting solar energy to electrical energy and method for making. The device may optionally include a conductive container for holding the PDLC material. In an exemplary embodiment, the invention is directed to a self assembled PDLC material, a holographically synthesized PDLC material or a block co-polymer dispersed liquid crystal material. It is envisioned that the invention may be use
...

Titania Dispersion and Method for Making

A novel method for preparing a titania dispersion by blending two different titania dispersions synthesized by a solvothermal process and a hydrolysis process. The titania dispersion has a plurality of titania particles substantially uniformly dispersed therein and can be blended to provide a high concentration of titania with an anatase crystalline structure to provide the desired level of photocatalytic activity. The present invention also permits the preparation of transparent titania dispers
...

Iron Oxyfluoride Electrodes for Electochemcial Energy Storage

The present invention provides electrochemical energy storage systems comprising metallolyte composites, iron fluoride composites and iron oxyfluoride composites. The present invention further provides methods for fabricating metallolyte composites.
...

Method and Device for Measuring the Temperature in a Line Or in a Line Bundle and Vehicle Equipped with Said Device

The invention relates to a method and a device for measuring the temperature in pre-selected locations of a line or a line bundle and to a vehicle equipped with said device. The temperature is measured using a calibrated measuring line (3) through which a measurement current flows and which comprises a plurality of taps (6a to 6h) for measuring potential. The measurement line (3) can be arranged either in or on the line or the line bundle and evaluation can be carried out in such a manner that t
...

Implantable System for Restoring Accommodation Capacity Using Internal Energy

The invention relates to an implantable system for restoring accommodation capacity, comprising a ring (1) that can be implanted into the ciliary sulcus (12) and a plate condenser (5). According to the invention, one plate (5a) is arranged on the implantable ring (1) and the other plate (5b) can be joined to the capsular bag (10).
...

Nucleic Acid Materials for Nonradiative Energy Transfer and Methods of Production and Use

Nucleic acid materials for FRET-based luminescence and methods of making and using the nucleic acid materials are provided. The nucleic acid materials provide an innovative and synergistic combination of three disparate elements: a nucleic acid material, the processing technique for forming a nucleic acid material into films, fibers, nanofibers, or non-woven meshes, and nonradiative energy transfer. This combination can be formed into electrospun fibers, nanofibers, and non-woven meshes of a nuc
...

System for Wave Energy Harvesting Employing Transport of Stored Energy

A system employs wave energy harvesting apparatus and a water vessel (e.g., a ship) carrying an energy storage apparatus (e.g., array of batteries). The energy harvesting apparatus is preferably also carried by the water vessel, but may be fixed or carried by a separate water vessel. The water vessel is operated in an energy storing mode at an energy harvesting location subject to wave activity, during which the energy storage apparatus stores energy from the wave activity as harvested by the en
...

Methods and Compositions for Regulating Sporulation

Methods and compositions are provided for producing fuel utilizing various strains of Clostridium phytofermentans with reduced sporulation activity. In some embodiments, the activity of a gene associated with sporulation is reduced. In some embodiments, a fuel producing strain of C. phytofermentans with reduced sporulation activity is provided.
...

Methods and Compositions for Improving the Production of Fuels in Microorganisms

The invention relates to compositions, systems, and methods for producing fuels, such as ethanol and hydrogen, and related compounds. More specifically, compositions and methods are provided for making recombinant microorganisms for the production of fuels using genes from the Clostridium phytofermentans ethanol and hydrogen pathways disclosed herein.
...

Osmotic Heat Engine.

A method of converting thermal energy into mechanical work that uses a semi- permeable membrane to convert osmotic pressure into electrical power. A closed cycle pressure-retarded osmosis (PRO) process known as an osmotic heat engine (OHE) uses a concentrated ammonia-carbon dioxide draw solution to create high osmotic pressures which generate water flux through a semi-permeable membrane against a hydraulic pressure gradient. The depressurization of the increased draw solution volume in a turbine
...

System for Generating Energy from Marine Dynamics

The invention relates to a system for generating energy from marine dynamics by means of compressing the air housed in contained inside conductor pipes and turbines, through a unit with a spherical geometry in the surface of which various holes are made, capturing the energy which is produced in the environment thereof, independently of marine dynamics. The holes of the sphere are connected to conductor pipes by a conical structure to allow capturing a larger volume of water and at the other end
...

Direct-bandgap Nano-crystalline Optoelectronic Devices

A photovoltaic device is provided comprising a thin-film of an energy conversion material. The energy conversion material includes one or more quantum structures, where the quantum structures comprise a semiconductor material having an indirect band-gap in the bulk. The average size of the quantum structures is selected such that a direct and an indirect band-gaps are modified in the semiconductor material such that the direct band-gap provides charge carrier generation when the quantum structur
...

Solar Module for Summer Houses

Invention is connected with civil and thermal engineering technologies and proposes solutions for use of renewable energy sources - solar energy in case of periodical use of houses particularly summer houses in late autumn, winter time and early spring. Prolongation of life time of building outer constructions (doors, walls etc) of summer houses is main goal of invention. Specific conditions of operation are in summer houses connected with periodical use of building: heat flux from different sou
...

Method for Prevention of Tripping of Generating Sources During a Frequency Decline Emergency

The protection method relates to the field of power engineering, particularly, to the anti-emergency automatics, and can be used for prevention of a blackout as a result of tripping of generating sources caused by a frequency decline emergency (frequency avalanche). Under the conditions of power deficit the frequency declines; as a result, the productivity of the auxiliary equipment (boiler feed pumps, gas turbine compressors and the circulating pumps of nuclear power plants) decreases. Conseque
...

Method and Device for Producing and Storing Energy

The invention relates to a method and a device for producing and storing electrical energy using iron complexes, using a molecular complex of iron + III as well as a photoreduced iron +II complex, both complexed chemically by a ligand of the benzoic hydrazide type.
...

Energy accumulation system and method

The invention provides an energy accumulation system and method comprising at least on redervoir, for storing sea water, elevated above sea level and located in the vicinity of sea shore. At least one turbine is located in the vicinity of the sea level and substantially below the level of at least one of said reservoirs, said turbine being connected to at least one power generator. At least one conduit connecting said at least one reservoir to said turbine, wherein the downward flow of sea water
...

Method of Manufacturing Mesoscopic Solar Cells

A method of manufacturing a dye sensitised solar cell or other mesoscopic solar cell, including the steps of coating at least a portion of a surface of a substrate with an electrode film or other functional layer, and applying an isostatic pressure over the coated substrate to thereby compact the electrode film or functional layer on the substrate.
...

Variable hydraulic transmission for wind turbines

Electricity is generated from wind or water turbines 15, 16 using a hydraulic transmission between the turbines and the shared generator 130. The transmission is controllable so that the blade 40 tip speed ratio (TSR) of the turbine 15, 16 is infinitely adjustable independently of the generator 130 speed, so turbine efficiency can be improved. Adjustment may be achieved by an adjustable pump 50 or motor 120 e.g. using a swash plate. The system could alternatively control the pressure or flow of
...

Bottom hinged plate wave energy converter with floats to increase rotational stiffness

A wave energy converter of the bottom-hinged plate type has at least one buoyancy body 101 rigidly connected fore or aft of the collector plate 103. This increases the effective stiffness of the plate by increased rotational restoring torque (201 figure 2) and decreases rotational inertia as the float displaces some of the undisturbed water (301, figure 3) around the collector plate 103 that would increase the effective mass of the plate 103. This allows larger devices to be built with desirable
...

Fluid turbine

A shaft-less axial flow (inline) turbine for insertion into a fluid pipe, providing pressure regulation and by doing so generating useable energy. A turbine rotor 104 may be the only moving part of the turbine. The flowing fluid 301 may provide a hydrodynamic bearing 309 between the rotor 104 and a turbine casing 205. The rotor 104 may include a plurality of magnets, and a stator may include a plurality of wire coils to generate electricity. The stator may be located within the casing 205 or out
...

Enclosure for sea-motion generator

A machine for generating power from the motion of the sea incorporates a gas-tight buoyant enclosure 101 which is normally filled with air and open to the sea forming a moonpool 105 at its lower end. Generating machinery 121 can operate within a gaseous atmosphere and the machine allows human access, wet via the moonpool and/or dry via an airlock 111 and gas-tight hatches 113 which can be above sea surface 107. The internal gas mixture can allow work such as installation, maintenance and upgrade
...

Wave energy device with flaps hinged on inclined axes

A flap type wave energy converter has one or more buoyant paddles 121 that are hinged about an inclined (diagonal) axis. They may be hinged to the arms 107 of a V or Y shaped frame 101. The frame may be filled with air. The adjacent edges of two flaps may be provided with a part conical tube (411, figure 3) so that they maintain an approximately constant clearance. The tubes may be filled with air to provide buoyancy for the flaps. The device may be tethered (303, figure 2) and adjusted by winch
...

Inertial Energy Storage System

Inertial energy storage systems are provided that include a generator and a rotor system. Non-rotating and rotating components of the system, such as a generator and a flywheel, are supported compliantly through the use of a gimbal system. The purpose- designed gimbal has software algorithms for proper operational control of an axially elongated pendulum flywheel. The inertial energy storage system further includes a mechanical adjustment system for permitting initial alignment of the generator
...

Photovoltaic module for use on roof to produce energy, has solar cells arranged on substrate, predominantly covered with expandable material and arranged in such manner that solar cells are partly spa

The module (1) has solar cells (6) arranged on a substrate (2), which consists of an expandable material. The cells are predominantly covered with another expandable material and arranged in such a manner that the cells are partly spaced to each other, where the latter expandable material is polyurethane or thermoplastic. The cells cover a surface of the substrate to about 50 to 80 percent. The cells are designed as printed solar cells, organic solar cells and thin film solar cells such as carci
...

Microbial Fuel Cell

It is an object of the present invention to provide a microbial fuel cell capable of increasing a current density without employing a mediator. The microbial fuel cell 1 includes a 3-dimensionally structured agglomerate formed from conductive fine particles 2 and microorganisms 3. In the agglomerate 4, the conductive fine particles 2 disperse among pieces of Shewanella 3 and the conductive fine particles 2 are coupled to one another to hold Shewanella 3, thus forming the 3-dimensional structure
...

Very high permittivity dielectric component used at high frequencies

The composition is expressed by La ( 2 - X )Sr XNiO 4, in which X lies in the range 0 to 0.5 and the relative permittivity epsilon ris no less than 8000 above 10 MHz. Alternatively or in addition, X lies in the range 0 to 0.3 and the relative permittivity epsilon ris no less than 15000. Further variant relative permittivites are quoted, up to 25000. High values of relative permittivity are quoted for frequencies ranging from 10 MHz up to 3 GHz. Values of x are specified in the range 0.05 to 0.3.
...

Surface plasmon resonance spectrometer, has sensor film arranged on transparent substrate for radiation, where radiation source is attached in layer construction on transparent substrate

The spectrometer (13) has a radiation source (15) with a radiation detector (25) and a sensor film (2) controlling a radiation from the radiation source to the radiation detector. The sensor film is arranged on a transparent substrate (1) for the radiation. The radiation source is attached in a layer construction on the transparent substrate. The radiation source has a substrate-near electrode (16), an electroluminescent intermediate layer (17) and a substrate-far electrode (18), where the subst
...

Method for Manufacturing Solar Cell

A method for manufacturing a solar cell having a single crystal silicon substrate and an amorphous silicon layer provided at least on one side surface of the single crystal silicon substrate is provided. The method includes the steps of: (a) forming an intrinsic amorphous silicon layer by coating a first liquid containing silicon atoms on one surface of the single crystal silicon substrate, and sintering the first liquid coated; and (b) forming an impure amorphous silicon layer on the intrinsic
...

Heat Exchanger

A heat exchanger assembled from multiple heat exchanging tubes. Each of the multiple heat exchanging tubes is formed as a flattened tube of 0.5 mm in thickness by press work or bending work of a stainless steel plate member having a thickness of 0.1 mm. Each of the multiple heat exchanging tubes is structured to have multiple lines of sequential wave crests and multiple lines of sequential wave troughs formed on each of flattened faces of the heat exchanging tube. The multiple lines of the seque
...

Heat Recovery System

A plurality of flat tubes formed as a tube having notches by linearly cutting upper and lower parts from a hollow flat circular doughnut shape are stacked to structure a tube laminate. It is attached to a case so that a notch aligns with the notch and faces upward by an exhaust inflow end plate and that a notch aligns with the notch and faces downward by an exhaust outflow end plate. A cutoff valve is provided at an exhaust outflow end of an exhaust communication tube passing through the center
...

Heat Exchanger

Each fin 30 is designed to have continuous lines of wave crests 34 and continuous lines of wave troughs 36 arranged at a preset angle in a specific angle range of 10 degrees to 60 degrees relative to the main stream of the air flow and symmetrically folded back about folding lines of a preset folding interval W along the main stream of the air flow. A ratio (a/p) of an amplitude 'a' of a waveform including one wave crest 34 and one adjacent wave trough 36 to a fin pitch 'p' satisfies a relation
...

Brazing fin material for heat exchangers, heat exchanger, and method of manufacturing same

A brazing fin material for heat exchangers includes a core material and a filler metal clad on each side of the core material, wherein the core material is an aluminum alloy including manganese, the filler metal is an aluminum alloy including 6 to 9.5 mass % of silicon, silicon particles in the filler metal have an average circle equivalent diameter of 3 mum or less, and the brazing fin material has a thickness of 0.06 mm or less.
...

Solar Cell Module and Method of Producing Same

A solar cell module and method of producing the same. The solar cell module has a configuration in which busbars (21) are bonded by a conductive adhesive (18) onto the back surface electrode layer (14) of a solar cell (10) comprising a translucent insulation substrate (11) on which a transparent conductive layer (12), photoelectric conversion layer (13), and back surface electrode layer (14) are formed, said busbars (21) configured so that there are portions where a plurality of conductive wires
...

Method for Manufacturing Thin Film Solar Cell

Disclosed is a thin film solar cell manufacturing method provided with an adhesion step wherein a bus bar is adhered to the backside electrode layer of a solar cell string comprised of a transparent electroconductive film, a photovoltaic conversion layer, and the backside electrode layer which are formed on a translucent insulation substrate. The adhesion step includes a first step wherein an electroconductive tape is adhered to the adhesion face of the bus bar which is to be adhered to the back
...

Solar Panel, Manufacturing Method Therefor, Solar Cell Module, and Solar Panel Manufacturing Device

Disclosed are a solar panel having high reliability and productivity with improved insulation properties and moisture resistance at the peripheral edges, a solar cell module, a solar cell manufacturing method, and a solar cell manufacturing device. The solar panel (1) is equipped with a solar cell element (11), a surface protecting section (10) that is positioned on the surface of the solar cell element (11) and which protects the solar cell element (11), and an underside surface protecting sect
...

Biomass

The present invention relates to altering the biomass and/or structure of a plant, in order to maximise its potential as a source of feedstock or increase its potential as a feedstock for the paper industry. CLE41 and/or CLE42 are used to manipulate growth and structure of the vascular tissue of the plant. The present invention also provides plants in which the levels of CLE41 and/or CLE42 are increased compared to those of a native plant grown under identical conditions, and parts of such plant
...

CCN - Carbon Capture and NEUTRALIZATION

Cuyha Innovation Oy was founded in 2004 by renowned nuclear physicist Matti Nurmia to manage and develop his inventions. Most of Dr. Nurmia’s inventions relate to energy production and environmental issues. Dr. Nurmia’s most notable invention is the neutralization of CO2. This revolutionary invention uses feldspar, common all over the world, to processes environmentally harmful carbon dioxide into harmless bicarbonates. Carbon dioxide neutralization With emission standards tightenin
...

Device for the Exploitation of Sea Wave Energy

The Asset relates to a submarine/underwater device intended to be used over a short distance from the coast at depths of 20/30 meters which operates by differential pressure (use of differential pressure ridge/trough), to generate electricity. With the smallest cell (about 7 meters diameter) is expected to generate 250 kilowatts (figure likely to increase articulating the dimensions of the cell and the set of diaphragms). By the tests performed and data collected, this device is able to so
...

Monopolar fuel cell stack coupled together without use of top or bottom cover plates or tie rods

BRIEF SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION A novel stack design is disclosed below that overcomes the limitations of the conventional bipolar fuel stacks bipolar fuel stacks is proposed. This new stack design offers a two-to-three fold improvement in power densities, suitable for manufacturing, uses inexpensive plastic materials, and straightforward to troubleshoot and assemble. Such a stack design will substantially improve the commercialization of portable direct methanol fuel cell power sources.
...

Biomass Gasifiers using Agri-waste for Generation of Electricity

Joint Venture in -- Amazing Futuristics - Agri Farm Biomass - THRU 'BOOSTED Power Gasification' We are a New Zealand based Biomass Gasifier manufacturing Company that is finally going the much wanted step further, in POWER BOOSTING the LHV of 'Producer Gas' generated through our gasification process. For those of us who may need to revisit the process involved - very briefly, is as follows:— Generally, Biomass Gasification is a thermal conversion technology where a solid fuel (suc
...

Extremely High Voltage DC Electric Energy Storage System - Seamless Power for the National Grid!

A patented soft-switching inverter designed especially for de-energizing high-voltage, high-energy capacitors is revealed in US Patent 7,157,884 (Hacsi) and used in conjunction with a very large in-ground conventional capacitor (a PIT capacitor) to convert high-voltage AC electricity from a nearby generating station into DC at one million volts. In words, a high-voltage rectification system is first used to convert AC to DC and energize the capacitor to one million volts at night with electrica
...

Low-energy On-demand Personal Cooling System

Abstract Conventional HVAC cooling systems are very energy intensive. In addition, most systems do not offer individual control over cooling. Desk fans are one answer to these problems, but normal desk fans produce a turbulent airstream that is noisy and disruptive to office work. To address these limitations, Researchers at UC Berkeley have developed a personalized cooling system that allows for high comfort levels while maintaining high energy efficiency. The system is based on extensive f
...

Commercial Retrofit of Power Plant for Major Fuel & Co2 Savings

This worldwide available technology is retrofitted into any size or any fuel type power plant units and has proven efficiency improvement of about 10% in 600mw over the past 5 years. The inventions major CO2 reductions in a coal plant same as 25% reduction in gas plant. This improvement is due to more expansion in turbine. Payback occurs in a few days. At today's fuel costs it saves over $100,000 per week in even smaller size units. Certain cap-and-trade of CO2 and other gases will incre
...

Sun Thermodynamic Power Station

Sun Thermodynamic Power Station
...

Solid Base Transesterification Catalysts for Biodiesel Production

BACKGROUND: Biodiesel presents physical-chemical properties similar to petro-diesel, and can be used directly in the motor with no further significant mechanical modifications or expenditure in maintenance. The base catalyzed transesterification of triglycerides produces a non-toxic, biodegradable, renewable and clean burning fuel that can directly replace petroleum diesel in most applications. However, commercial technology for biodiesel production generally employs homogeneous bases as catalys
...

Soluble Tetrahedral Compounds for use in Electroluminescent Devices

BACKGROUND: Recent research efforts have produced stable amorphous materials that can be cast into films directly from solution. However, a tendency towards crystallization minimizes the utility of these materials as the electroluminescent layer in light emitting diodes (LEDs). Attempts to use these materials as the emissive component for organic LEDs were discouraged because the restricted conjugation length would potentially inhibit efficient charge transport. DESCRIPTION: Scientists at t
...

Techno-Economic Cellulosic Biorefinery Simulation Model

Project Goal: JBEI proposes to develop a comprehensive Techno-Economic model of a cellulosic biorefinery to better understand the biorefinery process and estimate the operating costs, research needs, environmental impacts, and the overall viability of these biorefineries. The first stage of the project will develop a detailed plant design using targeted feedstocks (switchgrass, corn stover, miscanthus, and poplar) as the inputs and ethanol as the output, plus estimates of capital and operatin
...

Processes for Catalytic Conversion of Lignin to Liquid Bio-Fuels like High-Octane Gasoline

Lignin, a complex biopolymer found in all vascular plants is the second most abundant renewable carbon source and is currently obtained as a byproduct in the pulp/paper industry. Lignin conversion into higher value fuels and additives can significantly enhance the competitiveness of lignocellulose-to-ethanol technology. Our technology describes a multi-step catalytic process for the conversion of lignin to liquid fuels (high-octane gasoline) and fuel additives of high quality. <i>Benefits<
...

Non-Toxic, Biodegradable Fluids for the Simulation of Crude Oil Behavior in Oil Spill Environments

This technology is related to the development of a suite of fluids tailored to simulate specific crude oils. The base fluid would consist of a blend of one or more vegetable oils, naturally occurring, non-toxic oils and/or synthetic oils. The fluids would also have a slate of additives that modify physical and chemical properties of the base fluid blend to closely approximate key properties of the targeted crude oil. The simulant formulations may also contain secondary phases that contain nut
...

Fossil Resin Flotation from Coal by Selective Coagulation and Depression of Coal

Natural resins are generally separated from coal by froth flotation. The resins are important commercially, being used for adhesives, varnishes, coatings, waterproofing, linoleum, etc. Extracting resin from resin-bearing coal is important in Western North America where certain cola fields contain significant quantities of resins. This invention describes fossil resin recovery from coal by a pH modified selective flotation process. <i>Benefits</i> Most prior art flotation techniques for resi
...

Sensors for Failure Modes in Fuel Cells

Researchers at the University of British Columbia have developed a novel fuel cell diagnostic apparatus and method. The system uses micro-scale sensor electrodes strategically placed at various places in the fuel cell such that the electrodes provide an electrical response indicative of the fuel cell performance. The localized information of the fuel cell operating conditions can be used to rapidly detect failure modes in the fuel cell in real-time. The size and nature of the electrodes means th
...

Mixed Reactant Fuel Cell

Conventional fuel cells feed a fuel and an oxidant separately into distinct zones of the fuel cell. This requires specialized, costly materials and components to maintain the physical separation of the reactants. A key component to achieve this in conventional low temperature fuel cells is the polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM). Another such component typical in fuel cell stacks is the bipolar plate. Mixed reactant fuel cells allow the fuel and oxidant to be fed together directly into the fuel c
...

Liquid Fed Direct Fuel Cell based on a Membraneless Architecture

Researchers at the University of British Columbia have developed a new type of fuel cell with a novel architecture that can operate without the conventional polymer electrolyte membrane. The fuel cell operates similar to a conventional liquid fed fuel cell and is compatible with most types of fuel cell. Conventional membranes and fuel cell designs present limitations to fuel cell performance such as: fuel cross-over, degradation or contamination of membrane, ohmic losses and reduced active tripl
...

Energy Absorbing Protective Shroud Against High Speed Machinery (MSC-22823)

Abstract: The subject technology is a lightweight containment shield that both prevents escape of fragments and dissipates kinetic energy associated with the fragments in a controlled manner. The protective barrier system of the subject technology is comprised of the energy transfer system, the energy dissipating system and the encapsulating shell.
...

Adaptive Power System for Extending Device Life

Advantages • Allows the device to maintain full operation while at the same time charging the battery with an alternate energy source that is not large enough to do both at the same time. • Maximizes the energy collected from the alternate energy source. • Because the charging of the battery is independent of the operation of the overall device, the power system is more customizable to both the battery technology and power needs of the application. Technology The purpose of this
...

Chalcogenoxanthylium Dyes as Photosensitizers for Photoinduced Charge Transfer

A major reason why the commercialization of organic dye-sensitized solar cells (organic-DSSCs) has been slow is because of their low global energy conversion efficiencies, especially when compared to inorganic dye-sensitized solar cells such as those incorporating polypridyl ruthenium sensitizers. The organic dyes that are the subject of this invention offer the potential to overcome that limitation due to two important factors. First, the absorption spectra of these dyes are red-shifted rela ti
...

Highly Effective Li2O /Li3N with ultra-fast Kinetics for H2 Storage

This invention describes a novel product and procedure to store (and release) hydrogen as an energy source in fuel cells; it is a new material based on a combination of Lithium Nitride (Li3N) and Lithium Oxide (Li2O). Li3N leads as a solid state abso rber and releaser of Hydrogen (11.4 % by weight). Adding Li2O lends stability and protects against sintering. Other values are: a) It absorbs and releases hydrogen from 180 degrees Celsius upwards, a significant improvement over other materials t
...

Chalcogenoxanthylium Dyes as Photosensitizers for Photoinduced Charge Transfer

A major reason why the commercialization of organic dye-sensitized solar cells (organic-DSSCs) has been slow is because of their low global energy conversion efficiencies, especially when compared to inorganic dye-sensitized solar cells such as those incorporating polypridyl ruthenium sensitizers. The organic dyes that are the subject of this invention offer the potential to overcome that limitation due to two important factors. First, the absorption spectra of these dyes are red-shifted rela ti
...

Highly Effective Li2O /Li3N with ultra-fast Kinetics for H2 Storage

This invention describes a novel product and procedure to store (and release) hydrogen as an energy source in fuel cells; it is a new material based on a combination of Lithium Nitride (Li3N) and Lithium Oxide (Li2O). Li3N leads as a solid state abso rber and releaser of Hydrogen (11.4 % by weight). Adding Li2O lends stability and protects against sintering. Other values are: a) It absorbs and releases hydrogen from 180 degrees Celsius upwards, a significant improvement over other materials t
...

Low Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFCs) that are highly scalable and cost effective

Summary Low temperature, compact solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) technologies. A series of new Harvard technologies enables operation of SOFCs at low temperatures (300 deg. C to 600 deg. C). Operation at these temperatures (vs. the current ~1000 deg. C) is a sought-after goal of the fuel cell industry – because it will significantly expand practical applications for SOFCs. The Harvard SOFCs are made using novel nano-fabrication techniques based on well-proven semiconductor processes. The
...

A Low Cost and Versatile Microbial Fuel Cell

Summary A novel, low-cost microbial fuel cell (MFC) capable of delivering high power, high-efficiency energy. The MFC takes advantage of an easily accessible and ubiquitous carbon source. The organic carbon source can be metabolized by a wide number of microbial types and the Girguis laboratory has identified many microbial types that can grow on a fuel cell’s anode and stimulate power production. Thus, using extremely simple electronics, they can configure the microbial fuel cell to sele
...

Plasma Heated by Intense Radiation Engine (PHIRE)

Introduction Plasma systems provide substantial savings over chemical propulsion systems but require higher power to attain any appreciable thrust. UW researchers have developed a basic system that enables high power plasma propulsion without electrodes so the system lasts longer and is more compact. Technology description PHIRE is a high thrust plasma engine that uses intense microwave or radio frequency heating of the plasma within a magnetic nozzle. The basic system allows high power (hundred
...

Bacterial Strains for Hydrogen Production

Introduction Hydrogen biofuel has the potential to solve a variety of challenges related to the global need for a clean and sustainable form of energy. Hydrogen can be produced from a variety of domestic resources including: fossil fuels such as natural gas and coal; renewable resources such as solar, wind, and biomass; or nuclear energy. The current challenge, however, is to develop technologies for hydrogen production from these resources that are clean, efficient, and cost effective. Technolo
...

Process for Amineborane Dehydrogenation/Dehydrocoupling Using Organometallic Catalysts

Introduction Hydrogen storage is widely recognized as a critical enabling technology for the development of hydrogen-fueled vehicles. The conventional storage method, compressed H2 gas, requires a large tank volume and the possibility of a tank rupture poses a significant safety risk. Condensing and cooling the H2 gas to liquid H2 provides a significant volumetric improvement over compressed H2 gas, though a considerable amount of energy is wasted on maintaining the low temperature required to k
...

Advanced Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells (DSSC): Flexible Film and Glass

Introduction Solar power is becoming more and more important with the increasing global effort to reduce petroleum consumption and is already vitally important as the planet’s primary source of energy since plants convert it into biomass on a daily basis. There is more solar energy bombarding the earth every hour than all of its people consume in a year, and if a fraction of that power could be effectively and efficiently harnessed, many of our energy problems would be solved. Unfortunately, t
...

Method of Detecting, Characterizing, and Quantifying Bulk, Light- Element Materials Using High-Energy, Penetrating X-Rays

Introduction X-rays have long been used in the characterization of a wide variety of materials. However, conventional techniques for dealing with light-element (or low-Z) materials, such as those containing nitrogen and carbon, are too low in energy to penetrate significant distances into enclosing material or into the bulk of the material of interest. A higher energy technique is required to solve this problem. Technology Description Researcher Elam at the University of Washington has developed
...

Energy Harvesting Composite Made of Piezoelectric Ceramic/Shape Memory Alloy (SMA)

Introduction Shape memory alloy (SMA) materials are easily deformed at low temperature and return to their original configuration by heating. Via the piezoelectric effect, some materials will produce an electric potential as a result of stress from changes in temperature. The alternating current (AC) potential produced may then be converted into direct current (DC) and stored in a capacitor. Thus, an energy harvesting system is possible. Technology description Researchers at the University of Wa
...

Removal of Toxic Contaminants from Water

BACKGROUND Industries are under increasing pressure to reduce the pollution being discharged in their effluents. This is due to increasingly stringent legislation in the UK, Europe and elsewhere, such as the ‘Urban Waste Water Treatment Directive’. There is heightened public awareness, concern over the long term environmental and health effects of toxic pollutants and improved analytical techniques that are detecting ever lower pollutant concentrations. Some of the most difficult effluents t
...

Manchester bobber

BACKGROUND Wave energy is a major potential source of renewable energy especially for an island nation. The total power of waves breaking on the world's coastlines is estimated at 2 to 3 million megawatts. In favourable locations, wave energy density can average 65 megawatts per mile of coastline. The majority of wave energy devices have little visual impact and are therefore unlikely to offend countryside groups as wind turbines have done. Although there is increasing involvement in offshore ma
...

Increased Fungal Biomass for Bio Ethanol Production

The Invention Dr. Amir Sharon and his team from Tel Aviv University have developed a transformation-based approach through which fungi can be modified to be less sensitive to external conditions and environmental stresses, have increased sustainability in culture during fermentation, and have both enhanced growth rate and spore production. As a result, the fungal cultures exhibit a dramatic increase in fresh and dry biomass production, reduced sensitivity to stress conditions, enhanced spore pr
...

Zero Bias Switch

ZBS (Zero Bias Switch) patent # 7,106,188 A long range radio receiver without an amplifier (no battery drain) This RF receiver is acitvated by the incoming signal no stand-by power is needed. Make new hybrdid RFID tags that need no battery replacements and much more
...

Novel Support Structure for Ceramic Electrochemical Devices

APPLICATIONS OF TECHNOLOGY: Gas separation Fuel cells Catalytic reactors Energy generation Coal gasification Selective oxidation of hydrocarbons ADVANTAGES: Economical Increased reliability ABSTRACT: Berkeley Lab researchers Lutgard DeJonghe, Steven Visco, and Craig Jacobson have focused their attention on solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC) and related technologies. Fuel cells "burn" hydrogen or hydrocarbons to produce electricity. They are highly fuel efficient and almost nonpoll
...

Method for Making Flat, High Performance Thin Membrane Structures on Porous Substances

APPLICATIONS OF TECHNOLOGY: Planar solid oxide fuel cells Planar gas separation devices Planar membrane reactors ADVANTAGES: Produces high-quality thin films with no warping or cracking Solid oxide fuel cells fabricated with this method show exceptional performance at reduced temperatures Minimal or no compressive loads required for sintering A wide variety of conductors can be deposited with minimal or no alteration of fabrication equipment Requires only small amounts of bilayer fabri
...

Metal Current Collector Protected by Oxide Film

ADVANTAGES: Inexpensive Structurally sound APPLICATIONS OF TECHNOLOGY: Electricity production (e.g. solid oxide fuel cells) Electrolytic gas separation Electrolytic syngas production by partial oxidation ABSTRACT: Steven Visco, Craig Jacobson, and Lutgard DeJonghe have designed a cost-efficient, structurally sound technology for current collection and cell-to-cell interconnection of high temperature (>600 �C) planar electrochemical devices. Current collection is normally achie
...

Low-Cost Layered Structure for High Temperature Electrochemical Devices

APPLICATIONS OF TECHNOLOGY: Solid oxide fuel cells Oxygen generators Electrochemical reactors ADVANTAGES: Offers less expensive manufacturing Displays excellent mechanical bonding between layers and a robust structure Expands the choice of electrode catalysts Applies to planar or tubular cells geometries ABSTRACT: Berkeley Lab researchers Mike Tucker, Grace Lau, and Craig Jacobson have invented a novel layered structure for preparing a high-operating temperature electrochemical ce
...

Low Cost Fabrication of Thin-Film Ceramic Membranes for Nonshrinking Substrates

APPLICATIONS OF TECHNOLOGY: Tubular solid oxide fuel cells Ceramic membrane fabrication Electrolytic separation ADVANTAGES: Produces high quality films on non-shrinking substrates Scalable for low cost industrial production Minimum number of processing steps Enables sintering at lower temperatures by increasing the green (pre-sintered) density of the film ABSTRACT: Certain fuel cell manufacturing specifications require deposition of a thin ceramic membrane onto a substrate that d
...

Inexpensive Production of High Density Thin Ceramic Films on Rigid or Porous Substrates

APPLICATIONS OF TECHNOLOGY: Solid oxide fuel cells Electrochemical devices Protective barrier coatings Gas separation membranes Membrane reactors Sensors ADVANTAGES: Achieves thicknesses between 1 mm and 100 mm without cracking Less expensive than vapor or plasma techniques Films are fully dense and thicker than those produced by alternative methods Substrate may be fired separately from the film to avoid chemical interactions and allow a wider choice of substrate materials ABSTRACT
...

Improved Segment-in-Series High Temperature Electrochemical Device

APPLICATIONS OF TECHNOLOGY: Solid oxide fuel cells Oxygen generators Electrolyzers ADVANTAGES: Greatly expands the choice of sealing materials Promises inexpensive manufacturing, high sealing quality, and long lifetime Applicable to devices of any geometry, including planar and tubular Allows alternative electrical and mechanical connection strategies between neighboring devices, manifolds, etc. ABSTRACT: Sealing of high temperature electrochemical devices is a major technical bar
...

Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Technologies: Improved Electrode-Electrode Structures for Solid State Electrochemical Devices

APPLICATIONS OF TECHNOLOGY: Gas separation Fuel cells Catalytic reactors Other devices ADVANTAGES: Improved performance Improved reliability ABSTRACT: Berkeley Lab researchers Lutgard DeJonghe, Steven Visco, and Craig Jacobson have focused their attention on solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC) and related technologies. Fuel cells "burn" hydrogen or hydrocarbons to produce electricity. They are highly fuel-efficient and almost non-polluting, making them an attractive alternative for ener
...

High Quality, Dense Thin Films Using Metal/Metal Alloy Additives

APPLICATIONS OF TECHNOLOGY: Solid oxide fuel cells Gas separation Mixed ionic electronic thin film devices Sensors Magnetic films Various barrier coatings Potentially LaCrO3 interconnects ADVANTAGES: Produces high quality, gas-tight, dense films in a single step Net zero volume change in film during sintering allows for firing a broad range of films onto non-shrinking substrates Because co-firing is unnecessary, the sintering profiles of the substrate and film need not match Works with
...

Fuel Cell Housing for Rapid Start-Up Auxiliary Power and Gas Separation

APPLICATIONS: Assembling planar SOFCs into stacks for power generation Auxiliary power for autos and RV Individualized oxygen production for use in homes or hospitals ADVANTAGES: Start-up temperatures reached in 3.5 minutes for 400 thermal cycles without failure Survives the most extreme thermal shocks of any fuel cell to date Tolerates large thermal gradients across the stack Demonstrated peak power density of 0.45W/cm2 at 720°C Enables the use of conventional fuel cell materials A
...

Braze for Robust Seals with Ceramic

APPLICATIONS: High temperature seals for electrochemical devices, oxygen generators, and metal/ ceramic interfaces ADVANTAGES: Enables rapid thermal cycling Overcomes brazing limitations without cost increases ABSTRACT: Berkeley Lab scientists have developed a composite braze material that can be used to manufacture strong, gas-tight joints where one of the joining members is ceramic – typically yttrium stabilized zirconium (YSZ). The braze composition can be controll
...

High Power Performance Lithium Ion Battery

APPLICATIONS OF TECHNOLOGY: Lithium ion batteries with high power requirements e.g. electric and (plug-in) hybrid/electric vehicles, power tools ADVANTAGES: 20-30% increase in power performance Enhances electrode mechanical integrity Promises longer lifetime Lowers internal resistances ABSTRACT: Gao Liu and colleagues at Berkeley Lab have increased the power performance of lithium ion batteries by over 20 percent by optimizing the ratio of polymer binder to conductive additive (ac
...

High Conductivity Single-ion Cross-linked Polymers for Lithium Batteries and Fuel Cells

APPLICATION OF TECHNOLOGY: Lithium metal polymer and lithium polymer batteries PEM fuel cells Electrochromic windows Electroseparations ADVANTAGES: High lithium ion conductivity (10-5 S/cm at ambient temperatures) No concentration polarization, i.e. the transference number is one Clean grafting and cross-linking chemistry leaves no reactive residues Materials have uniform, reproducible mechanical properties and electrochemical stability Polymer backbone and cross-link density and fle
...

Fluorine Separation and Generation Device

APPLICATIONS: Point of use fluorine generation, separation, and recycling ADVANTAGES: Compact solid state system Extremely high purity fluorine separation, allowing the gas to be recycled on site Decreases fluorine waste and reduces the amount of fluorine purchased and transported ABSTRACT: The semiconductor industry makes extensive use of gas mixtures that contain fluorine. Many of these substances are harmful and expensive, and must therefore be removed or scrubbed from the exh
...

Fast, Low Cost Method for Manufacturing Porous Structures for Fuel Cells, Catalysts and Filtration

APPLICATIONS OF TECHNOLOGY: Porous metal, ceramic, cermet and polymer Fuel cell or catalyst deposition supports Gas diffusion layers Filtration or reactive filtration structures for hot gas and liquid, water, air, food, chemicals ADVANTAGES: Fast, simple, and low cost High green strength –withstands the application of subsequent layers Avoids the use of flammable organic solvents Can be applied to high melting point ceramics and metals May be used to create inhomogeneous and nonunifor
...

Conductive Carbon Coatings for Electrode Materials

APPLICATIONS OF TECHNOLOGY: Carbon coatings for LiFePO4 electrode materials used in lithium ion or lithium metal batteries for high power applications such as power tools and hybrid electric vehicles ADVANTAGES: Increases high power discharge without sacrificing energy density Low cost and excellent durability Easily integrated into existing manufacturing processes ABSTRACT: Marca Doeff, Robert Kostecki, and colleagues at Berkeley Lab have developed improved carbon coatings for Li
...

Batteries with Orthorhombic Sodium Manganese Oxide Cathodes

APPLICATION OF TECHNOLOGY: Electric vehicles Load-levelling Consumer goods ADVANTAGES: Compatible with solid polymer electrodes Low-cost Environmentally benign ABSTRACT: Berkeley National Laboratory researchers have discovered a low-cost, low-toxicity manganese oxide for rechargeable lithium and sodium batteries. This material is based on an orthorhombic sodium manganese oxide, and has a capacity of approximately 160 mAh/g in sodium batteries in a voltage range compatible with pol
...

Nanoporous Metal-Inorganic Materials for Storage and Capture of Hydrogen, Carbon Dioxide (CO2) and Other Gases

APPLICATIONS OF TECHNOLOGY: Solid-based storage and capture of hydrogen, carbon dioxide or other gases ADVANTAGES: Promises higher storage capacity than carbon materials, better environmental stability than metal-organic, and faster kinetics than direct use of metal hydrides Demonstrated fabrication of discs 20 inches in diameter ABSTRACT: Arlon Hunt and Samuel Mao and colleagues at Berkeley Lab have developed a new class of hydrogen and carbon dioxide (CO2) storage materials with favor
...

Transition Metal Switchable Mirrors

APPLICATIONS OF TECHNOLOGY: Commerical and residential building windows Auto and airplane window glass Aerospace applications ADVANTAGES: Can save up to 25% of the energy lost through building windows Reflects infrared and visible light Switches between reflective and transparent states in seconds Significantly less expensive than electrochromic mirrors made with rare earth metals ABSTRACT: Berkeley Lab's Transition Metal Switchable Mirrors (TMSMs) utilize a thin film made from an alloy
...

Lithium Ion Mirrors with Improved Stability

APPLICATIONS OF TECHNOLOGY: Architectural glass Sunroofs and rear view mirrors Aerospace insolation controls Optical switching elements Thin film displays ADVANTAGES: Active components are more stable than metal hydrides over time Low material and fabrication costs ABSTRACT: Switchable mirrors are a new generation of electrochromic windows that can alternate between a reflecting state and a transparent or absorbing state when a small voltage is applied. These energy saving devices hav
...

Lean Flame Stabilization Ring

APPLICATIONS OF TECHNOLOGY: Small-to-medium water heater and forced-air furnace retrofits Reduction of air pollution ADVANTAGES: Allows natural gas burners to burn lean Economical, simple retrofit Meets clean air standards ABSTRACT: Robert Cheng at Berkeley National Laboratory has developed a means for retrofitting existing burners to burn lean, premixed natural gas/air mixtures to reduce NOx emissions without sacrificing efficiency and burner design simplicity. New burner designs can al
...

High Efficiency Fullerene/Polymer Solar Cells

APPLICATION OF TECHNOLOGY: Organic/nanomaterial hybrid solar cells ADVANTAGES: Promises improved electrical conduction over fullerene/polymer blends Increases the fraction of the more optically absorbent material DESCRIPTION: Currently, the best performing polymer blend solar cells have been based on a 50/50 combination of P3HT and functionalized fullerenes (C60). The disadvantage of this blend system is that a large amount of fullerene material must be used in order to obtain efficient
...

Controlling the Structure of Organic/Nanomaterial Solar Cells

APPLICATION OF TECHNOLOGY: Organic/nanomaterial hybrid solar cells ADVANTAGES: Introduces a new parameter for controlling solar cell morphology Improves conversion efficiency by increasing mobility and photon absorption and reducing electron/hole recombination DESCRIPTION: In order to attain an improved blend solar cell design, Berkeley Lab researchers have invented an elegant technique for controlling and tuning morphology beyond the current methods of “shaking and baking.” Using t
...

Ideal Structure for Organic/Nanomaterial Solar Cells

APPLICATION OF TECHNOLOGY: Organic/nanomaterial hybrid solar cells ADVANTAGES: Maximizes conversion efficiency Reduces interface charge recombination Eliminates the possibility of electrical shorting Provides greater charge mobility Improves photon absorption DESCRIPTION: Berkeley Lab researchers have developed a structured configuration for organic/nanomaterial hybrid solar cells that maximizes conversion efficiency by increasing the chance that excitons will reach an interface before
...

Novel Concentrating Nanoscale Solar Cells

APPLICATION OF TECHNOLOGY: Nanoscale solar cells ADVANTAGES: Multi-junction absorption efficiencies with easier fabrication Promises simpler installation than conventional cell/concentrator combinations Can be flexible DESCRIPTION: Researchers at Berkeley Lab are using photonic principles to develop solar cell/concentrator devices. The nanoscale cells take advantage of the fact that a solar cell’s efficiency increases under concentrated light. The materials can be tailored to absor
...

Improved GaN MBE-Growth using Bismuth as a Surfactant

APPLICATION OF TECHNOLOGY: Flat panel displays Energy efficient lighting Field effect transistors (FETs) Blue and green light semiconductor lasers Blue and green light emitting diodes (LEDs) ADVANTAGES: Incorporates higher concentrations of dopant into film Easy to manipulate concentration of component parts of film Surface diffusion coefficient can be varied by more than 4 orders of magnitude at a growth temperature of 725K ABSTRACT: For the first time, using flexible MBE technology,
...

Hydrocarbon Oxidation for Manufacturing Chemicals

APPLICATION OF TECHNOLOGY: Chemical manufacturing Hydrocarbon oxidation ADVANTAGES: Works at ambient temperature Highly selective Energy-efficient process Environmentally benign ABSTRACT: Heinz Frei, Fritz Blatter and Hai Sun have developed a selective thermal or photochemical oxidation procedure that favors oxidation of unsubstituted alkanes, alkenes, aromatics and cycloalkyls in solvent-free zeolites under dark thermal conditions or under irradiation with visible light. These small ab
...

Gas Filled Panels

APPLICATIONS OF TECHNOLOGY: Appliances--R-14 per inch appliance insulation to replace CFC- blown foam; modular panels used in composite with non-CFC foam to boost performance or decrease wall thickness Transportation--High performance, lightweight GFPs offer strong potential for thermal and acoustic applications in electric/hybrid vehicles, RVs, airplanes, and other automotive/transportation insulation industries ADVANTAGES: Stiff GFPs for appliances: 1" thick R-12 GFP provides performance
...

First Diode for Thermal Management of Micro and Macro Devices

APPLICATIONS OF TECHNOLOGY: Thermal management for: microelectronic devices solar cells and solar energy management systems refrigerators hybrid biological/inorganic systems nanoscale calorimeters Information transport and processing Molecular motors ADVANTAGES: First solid state device to direct heat flow Initial tests demonstrate thermal rectification of 7 percent Can accommodate high macroscopic thermal current densities ABSTRACT: Alex Zettl, Arun Majumdar and colleagues at Berkeley
...

Energy Efficient Laboratory Fume Hood

APPLICATIONS OF TECHNOLOGY: Laboratory Fume Hoods ADVANTAGES: Up to 75% energy savings over current fume hood systems Allows use of small HVAC systems Avoids expensive control systems required by VAV fume hoods ABSTRACT: Fume hoods, used to protect the user from breathing harmful chemical vapors, consume large amounts of energy, estimated to be 1GW in California alone. This power load comes from the fan power need to move air out the hood, and to condition make-up air. Helmut Feuste
...

Energy Efficient Condensing Side-arm Gas Water Heater

APPLICATIONS OF TECHNOLOGY: Residential gas water heating ADVANTAGES: Promises to be ~ 90% efficient; 30% more efficient than conventional gas water heaters Could be manufactured by adapting a basic electric water heater tank ABSTRACT: James Lutz of Berkeley Lab has invented a gas water heater that promises to be up to thirty percent more efficient than conventional gas water heaters. The design replaces the traditional central flue with a side-arm heat exchanger, thereby eliminating s
...

Novel Electrochromic Device Controlled by Sunlight

APPLICATIONS OF TECHNOLOGY: 'Smart' windows Photochromic ophthalmic lenses Tunable neutral density filters Photosensitive mirrors Displays Light detectors Optical switches Light-intensity meters Near-UV radiation detectors Low-cost optical computer memories ADVANTAGES: Uses inexpensive components Simplier construction than competing solutions Reacts in sunlight ABSTRACT: Frank McLarnon and Robert Kostecki at Berkeley Lab have designed a two-component electrode, fabricated with tit
...

Clog-free Atomizing and Spray Drying Nozzle

APPLICATIONS: Product dehydration, i.e. converting liquids like milk, drugs, and chemicals, into powders Drying waste streams Atomizing liquids ADVANTAGES: Eliminates clogging Combines atomizing and spray drying functions Can be made from standard tube fittings Easily serviced Energy efficient Provides high quality atomization Dries spray without altering the spray pattern ABSTRACT: Duo Wang and Mark Modera have designed an atomizing nozzle that eliminates clogging. The Berkel
...

Aerosol Remote Sealing System

APPLICATIONS: Sealing ventilation shafts Sealing underground pipelines and other enclosed systems ADVANTAGES: Portable Works past bends and junctions Includes leakage measuring capability ABSTRACT: Mark Modera and Francois Remi Carrie from Berkeley National Laboratory have developed a rapid, economical technique to seal duct and other enclosed systems by means of an internally injected aerosol. Berkeley National Laboratory's aerosol compound seals holes in enclosed systems and is
...

Using Novel Enzymes to Produce Advanced Biofuels

APPLICATIONS OF TECHNOLOGY: Biosynthesis of carboxylic acids and lactones for biofuel production ADVANTAGES: - Provides biofuel alternatives to ethanol - The new enzymes can be modified to tailor-make a wide variety of lactones and carboxylic acids - Controlled placement of ester linkages may result in enhanced combustion properties - Esters and lactones are more hydrophobic than their corresponding alcohols, offering compatibility with the current fuel infrastructure - Esters and lactones
...

Rough Silicon Nanowires for Heat Harvesting and Cooling Applications

APPLICATIONS OF TECHNOLOGY: - Heat harvesting - Electricity for internal automobile use, i.e. heating, windows - Conversion of automotive exhaust into supplemental power for hydrogen fuel cell-powered cars - Power jackets using heat from human body to power electronic devices - Thermoelectric cooling - Refrigeration - Air-conditioning - Cooling of computer chips and electronic devices - Thermoelectric power generation ADVANTAGES: - Conversion of wasted heat into electricity, whether on a
...

Termite Microbial Enzymes for Energy Efficient Biofuel Production

APPLICATIONS OF TECHNOLOGY: Converting plant lignocellulosic biomass to simple sugars for fermentation into biofuels, and hydrogen. ADVANTAGES: - Promises to be more energy and chemically efficient than the fungal enzymes currently in use - Combinations of the enzymes could be optimized for a particular feedstock ABSTRACT: Researchers at Berkeley Lab’s Joint Genome Institute, California Institute of Technology, and Verenium Corporation have discovered and sequenced over 300 microbes i
...

Using Novel Enzymes to Produce Advanced Biofuels

EJIB-2540 APPLICATIONS OF TECHNOLOGY: Biosynthesis of carboxylic acids and lactones for biofuel production ADVANTAGES: Provides biofuel alternatives to ethanol The new enzymes can be modified to tailor-make a wide variety of lactones and carboxylic acids Controlled placement of ester linkages may result in enhanced combustion properties Esters and lactones are more hydrophobic than their corresponding alcohols, offering compatibility with the current fuel infrastructure Esters and l
...

Process for Thermo Catalytic Cracking (TCC) of heavy oils feeds to increase production of light olefins (Ethylene-Propylene) at low Temperature

Solution / invention summary : TCC Process is operated in existing steam cracking reactors and uses a novel catalyst material to increase the production of Ethylene-Propylene at a lower cracking temperature and with heavy hydrocarbon feed materials. TCC is very selective to light olefins. Catalyst formulations contain zeolite and metal oxydes. The catalyst is very stable and the regeration cycle is efficient at low temperature and pressure. Advantages / benefits : 1) Increases by 30% the p
...

Process for Alkane-Group Dehydrogenation with Organometallic Catalysts

BACKGROUND: Saturated hydrocarbons are among the most abundant components of petrochemicals, but they are generally unreactive in chemical reactions. Alkenes and arenes, however, are more reactive and are very useful as raw materials in the organic chemical industries. Thus, there has been much interest in processes that efficiently convert alkanes to alkenes or arenes. A strong need still exists for organometallic catalytic compounds (complexes) that maintain integrity over a long reaction time
...

Enhanced Tunnel Junction for Improved Performance in Cascaded Solar Cells

BACKGROUND: Solar energy created through photovoltaics is finding increasing interest as an alternative power source for domestic and industrial use. The amount of power generated by a solar cell array is limited to the amount of solar cell area. In order to increase power delivery, the efficiency of the solar cells has to be increased. Many techniques, like the multi quantum-well (MQW) approach increases the efficiency of the cells but also increase the costs exponentially. Hence to make solar
...

Notify me of New Entries on this Page

You can receive an email whenever a new patent is added to this category. You can unsubscribe at any time.