Electronics Patents for Sale or License

Electronic Traveling Suitcase

The electronic traveling suitcase includes a self-weighing feature, password protection, digital lock, powered wheels and remote controlled locator light.
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Omni-directional Remote-controlled Mobility Apparatus

An omnidirectional mobility apparatus. The current invention is an omni-directional, remote-controlled mobility apparatus, similar to a wheelchair, which allows the transport of an individual or object(s). The device includes a cubic-shaped base with wheel wells on each vertical side of said base. Within each wheel well is a wheel set, such that the front and rear wheel sets face each other and the left and right wheel sets face each other. The circumference of each wheel set includes a pluralit
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Systems and Methods for Determining a Cardiovascular Condition of a Subject

The present invention provides a Diversity Coding--Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (DC-OFDM) system and method that applies diversity coding to OFDM-based systems and provides improved probability of successful reception at the receiver and transparent self-healing and fault-tolerance. Diversity coding is well suited for OFDM-based systems because of its spatial diversity nature (parallel links). DC-OFDM provides the best performance when the probability of link error is high or when
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Electronic Traveling Suitcase

The Electronic Traveling Suitcase includes : 1) A self weighing feature that displays its weight in Pounds or Kilograms on LCD sceen. 2) Identfy and password are provided in LC D . 3) A lock which can be digitally programmed. 4) An electric motor powers wheels. The motor is powered by rechargeable battery. 5) A remote contral light-riboon to flashes from distance to allow the user to find the bage among a plurality of bages.
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Automatic Local Electric Management System

This invention automates a key component of local electric power distribution system, a traditional circuit breaker panel into an intelligent service panel and to enable it to function as an intelligent gateway to the power grid, an automatic local power distribution system, and an automatic local energy management center. Through integrated monitoring and controlling, the intelligent service panel can automatically control the power consumption and energy storage of local electric system accord
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Electronic Mailbox System

An electronic mailbox system features: a mailbox housing with an inner cavity and slot for holding mail, a lid, an electrically-operable lock system for the lid, a mail sensor for detecting the mail being inserted into the slot, a first transmitter, a first receiver and a mailbox microprocessor; and a control box with a second transmitter, a second receiver, a control box indicator light, an unlock button, a reset button, and a control box microprocessor. When the mail sensor detects mail delive
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Electrolysis Cell for Hydrogen

Apparatus for the electrolysis of hydrochloric acid having an HCl concentration in the range from 10 to 25% by weight, having an electrode chamber (A) having a cathode (1) and a further electrode chamber (B) having an anode (2), with electrode chamber (A) and electrode chamber (B) being separated by an ion-conducting membrane (M) and the cathode and anode (1 and 2) being electrically conductively connected to a power supply (S), wherein the cathode (1) has an electrically conductive core (1a) on
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3D Forward Looking Sonar Apparatus

USA Patent - 8,717,847,B2 UK Patent - GB2500246B UK Patent - GB2509644B With the Echopilot 3D FLS (Forward Looking Sonar) you can see all the contours of the sea bed spread out in front of you, colour coded with red being dangerously shallow, and refreshed so fast that you can keep your speed. You can see an arc of the seabed ahead, and can travel at night, in uncharted or changing areas seeing the hazards in good enough time to avoid them. See http://www.forwardsonar.com for details
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Movable Cable Connectors

These patents cover CABLE connectors that can move or rotate. Connector devices that provide multiple degrees of freedom of motion between a first connector head and additional connector heads and/or electronic devices are described. The multiple degrees of freedom of motion permit motion in one or both of two planes and, perhaps, rotation about an axis in a controlled and fixed manner. Such connector devices allow peripheral devices to be folded or rotated in close proximity to a hosting device
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Machine providing for an advanced headlamp system with peripheral beam technology

An advanced headlamp system is proposed for providing a headlamp assembly for vehicles that has peripheral beam technology built in that has a multiplicity of filaments and reflectors built in to provide at least one forward beam and at least one or more peripheral light beams offset in angles to the left (for the driver side) and to the right (for the passenger side) of the forward beam in each assembly each also having a low-beam and a high-beam. The filaments and reflectors are located within
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Device for producing three-dimensionally-perceived images on a monitor with multiple liquid crystal screens

This invention describes a 3D color video camera to record and reproduce stereoscopic colored video images with three dimensional effect in real time. In this invention, images are recorded together with the depth information of the filmed objects measured by a sonar system. With this information, images can be displayed in a 3D display composed for several overlapped LCD screens. Each screen displays a respective image according to the depth. Then, all screens together display a color video ima
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Medical Transcription System including Automated formatting means and associated method

I am looking to sell my ( Utility Patent) for Medical Transcription System including Automated Formatting Means and Associated Method ( For an upfront fee of $1 Million U.S. dollars plus a % of Royalties from all profits made.) This is a technology that automates Medical Transcription (of any form of Transcription so therefore can be used by teachers, lawyers, court reporters, business people, etc. ) It formats the report based on what type of report you are doing and makes the report in real ti
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Display System Implementing View Switch Panel Based on Reflective Polarizer and Liquid Crystal

Having a laptop computer working both as a tablet and as a normal laptop faces challenge of how to respectively orientate its display. When working as a tablet, display of laptop computer has to be swung 180 degree from folded position to face up position. Drawback of working such way is to leave keyboard side open for no use and it looks and feels awkward. A variety of approaches have been attempted by commercials to alleviate the problem, but none prevailing. The invention of this patent provi
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Light Activated Input Panel

Touch display is standard display of smart phones and pad-type electronics and is gaining popularity for laptop computers. However, it is not suitable for TV or large size display because user is normally farther than arm-length from the display. Remote operation of touch panel is needed in order for touch panel to be useful for TV or large size display. The invention of this patent discloses a light activated input panel that turns a touch input panel into light operable. To achieve that, a lay
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Circuit Continuity/ Function Monitor

Monitors operation of DC components and notifies a failure. Works when the source is off, checks for continuity Works when the source is on, check operation. Only notifies if the monitored item fails. no setting or re setting, it automatically displays proper function.
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Method and System for Detecting an Individual by means of Passive Infrared Sensors

Geo-location and tracking by sensing the body’s heath. The videosurveillance market is rising drastically and needs new smart sensors at a low price. This geo-location systems qives the real-time location of individuals to Video Management Systems an to video-cameras. The present invention relates to a method and a system of detection and analysis of movement of an individual in a given observation zone by means of a particular passive infrared sensor . Its revolutionary patented new optic
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Computer system for processing instructions each containing a group of operations to be executed out of order

A microprocessor according to the patented technology can execute JAVA bytecodes (stack machine instructions) as well as register-based codes in an out-of-order wide-range superscalar manner. Any microprocessor without the patented technology is not considered to be able to match in terms of bytecode performance and versatility. The technology is patented in US, Japan, Germany, England, France, Canada, India, China, and South Korea. The patents are basically for a license, though any offe
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System and Method for Dynamically Activating and Deactivating Power Supply to a Water Tank Motor

[0001] The present invention relates to the field of automated switching on and switching-off electronic/electrical devices. More particularly, the present disclosure relates to a system and method for dynamically activating and deactivating power supply to a water tank motor. [0002] Typically filling water in a water tank involves manual intervention to reduce the overflow of water when the tank is full and switch off the motor. Conventionally, many methods are available to reduce/elimin
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Photovoltaic Ladder Inverter

This invention is for a unique DC-AC conversion topology for solar photovoltaic arrays that incorporates the best features of both central string inverters and DC-DC optomizers. It has a simple, elegant design with high reliability, high efficiency and low cost. In patentese: Techniques for DC-to-AC conversion are disclosed, and may be embodied in a solar inverter device that can operatively couple to a power grid. The device includes a photovoltaic (PV) stack including series-connected PV m
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Improvements in and relating to Data Comparison

The patent is the representation of a low cost TTL circuit developed to recognise a binary input pattern as a percentage of that input which as application-specific integrated circuit (ASIC) logic will enable on chip CCD cameras to focus and recognise objects at the speed of the CCD rather than the bus between the CCD and processor adding delays. The ASIC logic also has the ability to recognise degraded digital sine waves patterns as true and reconstruct signals in a bridge, text and objects usi
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Smart Pilot Light for a Green World Indicates True Power

Smart Pilot Light (SPL) US Patents 7315255 and 7439874 was design to indicate if a device (pump, fan, oven, air conditioner, lights, heater etc.) is truly on/running (active) and consuming power. Unlike conventional pilot lights which only indicates available power, the SPL will also indicate if the device is active and consuming power. The SPL uses a two color LED (bi-state LED), green to indicate power available and red to indicate device is active. This is accomplished by sensing the operati
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Smart Network Camera System-on-a-Chip

Aspects of a method and system for processing video data are disclosed and may include detecting, within a single chip in a programmable surveillance video camera, one or more moving objects in a raw video signal generated by the programmable surveillance video camera. One or more characteristics of the detected one or more objects may be extracted within the single chip in the programmable surveillance video camera. The extraction may be based on the raw video signal and may be performed prior
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Digital paint projection method and apparatus

According to an embodiment, a color is projected onto a surface. An estimate of the surface color is processed and a projection color is selected as a function of the surface color estimate and a chosen color so that the projection color yields the chosen color or a color substantially similar to the chosen color when projected onto the surface. The projection color can then be projected onto the surface for display.
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Nanostructured Electroluminescent Device and Display

An electroluminescent device contains (1) first and second electrodes, at least one of which is transparent to radiation;(2) a hole conducting layer containing first nano particles wherein the hole conducting layer is in contact with said first electrode; (3) an electron conducting layer containing second nanoparticles where the electron conducting layer is in contact with the hole conducting layer and the second electrode; and optionally(4) a voltage source capable of providing positive and n
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Socket Engaging Tether for Electronic Devices

A tether for electronic devices employing a plug having a first end adapted for engagement to a tether and a second end formed on non-conductive material having an exterior surface with an exterior circumference adapted for frictional engagement with the interior circumference of an electrical socket. The second end can be formed of compressible material having an exterior circumference slightly larger than the socket for a biased engagement. An axial void can also be provided to accommodate pro
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Personalized electronic greeting card and associated method

An electronic greeting card for recording and playing back a personalized message includes a bifurcated card with first and second coextensively shaped sections pivotally coupled to each other. The device further includes a mechanism for recording and playing back a one-time personalized message associated with the greeting card, and a mechanism for adapting the recording and playback mechanism between inoperable and operable modes for allowing a sender to record the one-time personalized messag
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MyLo remote locator

Like many people across the country, after a long day of work, you want to relax. So you come home to relax to grab your favorite drink and head to your favorite chair to watch your favorite show. Unfortunately, once again you can't find the remote! Whether it was due to the children watching cartoons or mom cleaning the room, it seems you can NEVER find the remote control, until now. I am here to introduce to you MyLo the remote locator, it locates your misplaced remote control using an audibl
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Conductive Carbon Layers on Powdered Supports

A process for the preparation of carbon layers on powdered supports comprising dissolving a hydrophilic polymer (PH) at the level of 85 do 99.9% by weight in water, adding pyromellitic acid (PMA) or pyromellitic dianhydride (PMDA) at the level of 0.1-15% by weight, then introducing to the mixture the powdered support at a level of 1-99% by weight. The suspension is concentrated and dried, and the composite precursor formed is subjected to a pyrolysis process at 300-1500 DEG C.
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Electrical Box Wire Schield

Electrical Box Wire Shield is the attachment for an electrical box or lighting fixture that helps to prevent fires caused by a short circuit. This attachment can be used to protect electrical wires from being pierced by a screw while installing electrical components such as thermostats, light fixtures, exit signs, etc. It requires no tools, no assembly, and minimum of labour time. This added safety feature could help you negotiate your insurance prices. My patent application number is 28000
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Improved Pet Leash Device

An apparatus, method, and means to increase safety and convenience of pet leashes comprising of an electrical generator, power storage device, and electronic accessories.
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Expendable supplies container capable of determining residual quantity of expendable supplies

The invention relates to a variable capacitance sensor for measuring a quantity of consumable supplies present in a container or a reservoir. The sensor can be used in an ink cartridge, a carbon powder cartridge, a water reservoir, a oil reservoir, or a reagent reservoir. The voltage value applied onto the variable capacitance sensor changes the capacitance of the sensor. The pressurizing force applied onto the variable capacitance sensor changes the capacitance of the sensor. The variable cap
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Expendables container capable of measuring residual amount of expendables and expendables detecting device

The invention relates to a radio sensor for detecting a quantity of consumable supplies present in a container or a reservoir. The sensor uses radio signal for communication. The sensor uses the received radio signal for electric power. The sensor can be used in an ink cartridge, a carbon powder cartridge, a water reservoir, a oil reservoir, or a reagent reservoir. The residual quantity of consumable supplies variation causes radio power variation or radio frequency variation. Then the residua
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3-in-1 Touch Screen System

Purpose of the Invention 3-in-1 Touch Screen System is a device designed to locate remote controls for entertainment electronics in the home or in vehicles. This innovative touch-screen, transmitter-based system can be used to activate various ring tones in the remote control in order for the individual to pinpoint the remote’s location. Televisions, touch-screen CD and DVD players, and any other device with a remote control can implement this system. Users can also access a popular social ne
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Device for Organizing the Administration of Pills At Predetermined Time Intervals

A device for organizing the administration of pills at predetermined time intervals, characterized in that it has a main body used as an individual tissue ring with an opening, through which tissues can be inserted, and that the main body includes at least one compartment (4,4',4''), which can hold at least one pill, covered by at least one lid (5,5',5'').
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Multi-lamp system

TECHNICAL FIELD The present invention relates to a lamp supporting device equipped in an illuminating advertising signboard, particularly which is formed as an assembly type that makes carrying and storage thereof convenient thereby being generally used without imitation in various sizes (length) of lamps by simply replacing the center frame, and can arrange the lamps in a way being overlapped, thereby avoiding blackening and in a plurality of lines while freely adjusting the width between t
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Connector with a configuration aid on its outer shell or an insulative body disposed in the outer shell

An electronic connector comprises an outer shell having a first side and a second side, an insulative seat body having a first side and a second side, a plurality of terminals extending along the first side of the insulative seat body, and a configuration aid formed on the outer shell. The insulative seat body is disposed within an interior of the outer shell such that the first side of the insulative seat body is oriented toward the first side of the outer shell and the second side of the insul
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Stroboscope Light for Subwoofers and Low Frequency Speakers

This is a brand new invention illuminating subwoofer speaker and allowing the spectator to see the rhythm and customizable speaker movement! The device is used to illuminate the subwoofer in an (car) audio system. By analyzing audio signal it enhances the visual rhythm of the speaker and could be used to create abnormal speaker movement illusion. Spectacular 3D moving images, created on the membrane of a woofer will leave no indifferent observers and will heavily contribute to the appearance
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Dual Stream Device/ Statistical Data Tracker

An Interactive Web-feed/television broadcast dual display system that enables a user to access any information currently available on the Internet without disrupting a television broadcast he/she may be currently watching. Web-based content is selected at the will of the viewer and is displayed on a desired area of his/her display screen without changing the television channel. That is, the Internet data a user chooses to display is unique and autonomous from the content being displayed via thei
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Microwave Oven with Grill Function of Grilling with Slate Stone Slab

Hi, this patent is being concession in the patent office in Spain, with number of Application No.: 201230304 has vindication date and preference rights MARCH 20, 2012. Has until March 20 to present internationally worldwide PCT. STATE OF THE ART A microwave is an appliance used for heating food kitchen that works by generating electromagnetic waves at microwave frequencies, at around 2.45 GHz Microwave ovens operate using electromagnetic waves from a magnetron which produces a microwav
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Active Cooling System for LED Fixtures/ Electronics

MP Lighting's patented Active Cooling System (ACS) uses a thermal sensor, known as an NTC Thermistor Array, to detect changes in temperature and control speeds of a cooling fan. The system helps to regulate airflow through high-watt LED fixtures and other electronics, ensuring that the product operates at an optimal temperature. The addition of cool air can increases a fixture's efficiency by up to 30%. The NTC Thermistor Array is thermally attached to the heat sink and will detect changes i
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Metamaterial Microwave Lens

A metamaterial microwave lens having an array of electronic inductive capacitive cells in which each cell has an electrically conductive pattern which corresponds to incident electromagnetic radiation as a resonator. At least one cell has a first and second electrical sections insulated from each other and each which section has at least two legs. A static capacitor is electrically connected between one leg of the first section of the cell and one leg of the second section of the cell. A MEMS de
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Chemical Sensors and Methods for Making and Using the Same

A van der Pauw (VDP) sensor comprising an electronic circuit electrically coupled to a surface, the surface comprising a type III-V material, and the electronic circuit measuring a sheet resistivity of the surface using a VDP technique. The VDP sensor may further comprise a macromolecule, such as a porphyrin, an oligonucleotide, a protein, a polymer or a combination thereof in contact with the surface. The VDP sensors may be arranged in an array of similar or different sensors. An electronic cir
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Implantable System for Restoring Accommodation Capacity Using Internal Energy

An implantable system for restoring accommodation capacity includes at least one ring configured to be implanted in a ciliary sulcus and a capacitor with a first capacitor plate and a second capacitor plate. The first capacitor plate is arranged on an implantable ring and the second capacitor plate is connected to a capsular bag.
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Method and Arrangement for Electrically Contacting an Object Surrounded By a Membrane, Using an Electrode

The invention relates in particular to a method for electrically contacting a membrane-object (30) with an electrode (10, 100).According to the invention is provided that is used for contacting at least one electrode (100) with a conductive carrier (110), on which a plurality of nano-needles (120) is arranged and on the neighboring nano-needles each have a distance that is smaller than the size of the object is, and that the object is brought into contact with the nano-needles.
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Microarray-based Spatial Filter

The invention relates to a spatial filter measuring arrangement (1) and a spatial filter measuring device (2) comprising at least one sensor (4, 5; 41I - 41IV; 51) and a spatial filter, wherein electromagnetic radiation, in particular light, that is emitted or reflected by a measurement object (13), is imaged onto the sensor (4, 5; 41I - 41IV; 51, 52) by means of the spatial filter. The invention further relates to a method for spatial filter measurement. The spatial filter measuring arrangement
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Multilayer circuit, particularly three-dimensional ceramic substrate system, is made of sintered ceramic material, where active electronic component is arranged in cavity

The multilayer circuit, particularly three-dimensional ceramic substrate system, is made of a sintered ceramic material. An active electronic component of a micro-system technology or Microelectromechanical systemor microelectronic is made of semiconducting material. The active electronic component is arranged in a cavity if the temperature stability of the semiconducting material and all other materials is correspondent to the sintering temperature of the ceramic substrate system. An independen
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Completely Self-adjusted Surface-emitting Semiconductor Laser for Surface Mounting Having Optimized Properties

The present invention relates to a surface-emitting semiconductor laser having a vertical resonator, comprising a substrate base section (1) and a mesa (M) arranged on and/or at the substrate base section, the mesa substantially comprising, viewed perpendicular to the substrate base section: at least one part of a first doting region (2) facing the substrate base section, at least one part of a second doping region (4) facing away from the substrate base section, and an active region (3) arrange
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Semiconductor device and method for manufacturing a semiconductor device

The invention concerns a semiconductor device (1) comprising a structure, wherein the structure comprising a substrate (8), a first layer (2) onto the substrate comprising GaN and a second layer (3) comprising AlGaN. The second layer is deposited onto the first layer and the first and the second layer cover at least partially the substrate, and wherein the structure comprises a third layer (4) comprising diamond.
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Angled Junction Between a Microstrip Line and a Rectangular Waveguide

The present invention relates, in the field of radio-frequency engineering, to a junction element for transferring an electromagnetic wave in a strip conductor to a waveguide. In this case, a waveguide having a first opening is applied to a substrate, on which strip conductors and strip conductor stubs are also situated, and is contact-connected and/or coupled to a strip conductor or to a strip conductor and a strip conductor stub. A wave in the strip conductor then forms an electrical field in
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Thermal Diode Device and Methods

A thermal diode comprising a superlyophobic surface, and a lyophilic surface separated from the superlyophobic surface defining a chamber. A liquid is disposed in the chamber, the liquid capable of phase changing during operation of the thermal diode. Methods of cooling and insulating bodies and rectifying heat transfer using the thermal diode.
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Sensors Incorporating Antibodies and Methods of Making and Using the Same

A sensor comprising an electronic circuit electrically coupled to a type II1-V semiconductor material, for example indium arsenide (InAs) and an antibody contacting the type II1-V semiconductor material. The sensor produces measurable changes in the electrical properties of the semiconductor upon antibody-antigen binding events. Electrical properties measurable by the electronic device may include resistivity, capacitance, impedance, and inductance. A method of detecting an antigen using sensors
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Method, Computer Program Product and System for the Tick Synchronization of Nodes in a Wireless Multi-hop Network

The invention relates to a method for the tick synchronization of a node of a wireless multi-hop network with at least one other node of said multi-hop network, said network comprising a plurality of nodes being arbitrarily connected, said method comprising the steps of: receiving a synchronization tick frame from a node (N1-N14), said synchronization tick frame containing a round number n round , said round number n round representing the number of hops n hops said synchronization tick frame ha
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Method for evaluating analyte

In an analyte evaluation method for evaluating an analyte, AC voltage is applied between a substrate electrode (2) on a substrate (4) and a counter electrode (8), and signals obtained from a marker (3) provided on an analyte bound to the substrate electrode are observed, wherein the frequency of the AC voltage is changed and the behavior of the average value of the marker signals is observed. A novel, highly-selective, low-noise method of evaluating a object of evaluation is thus achieved.
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Circuit arrangement i.e. monolithic integrated circuit, has earth surfaces working as ground potentials for electrical and electronic circuits and as antenna units, where signal currents and antenna c

The arrangement has earth surfaces (31, 32) working as ground potentials for electrical and electronic circuits and as antenna units, where the circuits are connected with one another on or below the earth surfaces through conductors (L1, LM, LM+1, LN). Signal currents and antenna control currents are supplied to a sub unit having the earth surfaces, where the signal currents are sum of all currents flowing to a sub unit having a ground electrode. Antenna current is supplied to a sub-assembly ha
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Method for Evaluating Target Molecule

In this method for evaluating a target molecule bonded to a probe molecule including a marker, an AC voltage is applied between a substrate electrode provided on a substrate and a counter electrode, and by using a signal obtained from the marker included on the probe molecule bonded to the substrate electrode when a frequency of the AC voltage is varied, or an average value of the signal, at least some one is determined, between a Stokes radius or molecular weight of the target molecule, a bondi
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System and Methods for Dynamic Power Estimation for a Digital Circuit

A method for dynamic timing-dependent power estimation for a digital circuit having coupled interconnects and at least two gates. In one embodiment, the method includes the steps of capturing information on relative switching activities and timing dependence for the coupled interconnects in the digital circuit, estimating the probabilities associated with switching activities and timing dependence for each gate in the digital circuit from the captured information, and obtaining dynamic power est
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On Wire Lithography-based Molecular Transport Junctions

On- wire lithography (OWL) fabricated nanogaps are used to construct molecular transport junctions (MTJs) through the assembly of molecular wires across a nanogap formed between two gold electrodes. Also disclosed are methods of characterizing a MTJ and optimizing gap size for two molecular wires of different dimensions.
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Organic Light-emitting Diodes and Methods for Assembly and Emission Control

New organic light-emitting diodes and related electroluminescent devices and methods for fabrication, using siloxane self-assembly techniques.
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Carbonyl-Functionalized Thiophene Compounds and Related Device Structures

Carbonyl-functionalized oligo/polythiophene compounds, and related semiconductor components and related device structures.
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Solution-processed High Mobility Inorganic Thin-film Transistors

Fluid media comprising inorganic semiconductor components for fabrication of thin film transistor devices.
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Silole-Based Polymers and Semiconductor Materials Prepared from the Same

The present teachings provide silole-based polymers that can be used as p-type semiconductors. More specifically, the present teachings provide polymers that include a repeating unit of Formula I: wherein R1, R2, R3, R4, R5R6, Z, x, and x' are as defined herein. The present teachings also provide methods of preparing these polymers, and relate to various compositions, composites, and devices that incorporate these polymers.
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Self-assembled Organic Monolayers on Graphene and Methods of Making and Using

Self-assembled organic monolayers on epitaxial graphene are described. The organic molecules are perylene derivatives including 3,4,9,10-perylene-tetracarboxylic dianhydride (PTCDA) molecules arranged in a herringbone phase and/or molecules are of the following formula: wherein R1 and R2 are alkyl groups. The organic monolayers can be patterned. Metal oxides can also be deposited on the organic monolayers. Methods of forming the self-assembled organic monolayers are also described.
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PNP light emitting transistor and method

A semiconductor light-emitting transistor device, including: a bipolar pnp transistor structure having a p-type collector, an n-type base, and a p-type emitter; a first tunnel junction coupled with the collector, and a second tunnel junction coupled with the emitter; and a collector contact coupled with the first tunnel junction, an emitter contact coupled with the second tunnel junction, and a base contact coupled with the base; whereby, signals applied with respect to the collector, base, and
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Transistor Device and Method

A field-effect transistor device, including: a semiconductor heterostructure comprising, in a vertically stacked configuration, a semiconductor gate layer between semiconductor source and drain layers, the layers being separated by heterosteps; the gate layer having a thickness of less than about 100 Angstroms; and source, gate, and drain electrodes respectively coupled with said source, gate, and drain layers. Separation of the gate by heterosteps, rather than an oxide layer, has very substanti
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Stretchable and Foldable Electronic Devices

Disclosed herein are stretchable, foldable and optionally printable, processes for making devices and devices such as semiconductors, electronic circuits and components thereof that are capable of providing good performance when stretched, compressed, flexed or otherwise deformed. Strain isolation layers provide good strain isolation to functional device layers. Multilayer devices are constructed to position a neutral mechanical surface coincident or proximate to a functional layer having a mate
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Stretchable Form of Single Crystal Silicon for High Performance Electronics on Rubber Substrates

The present invention provides stretchable, and optionally printable, semiconductors and electronic circuits capable of providing good performance when stretched, compressed, flexed or otherwise deformed. Stretchable semiconductors and electronic circuits of the present invention preferred for some applications are flexible, in addition to being stretchable, and thus are capable of significant elongation, flexing, bending or other deformation along one or more axes. Further, stretchable semicond
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Method of Fabricating a Planar Semiconductor Nanowire

A composition comprises a semiconductor substrate having a crystallographic plane oriented parallel to a surface of the substrate and at least one planar semiconductor nanowire epitaxially disposed on the substrate, where the nanowire is aligned along a crystallographic direction of the substrate parallel to the crystallographic plane. To fabricate a planar semiconductor nanowire, at least one nanoparticle is provided on a semiconductor substrate having a crystallographic plane oriented parallel
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Surface Preparation for Thin Film Growth by Enhanced Nucleation

Various processes and related systems are provided for making structures on substrate surfaces. Disclosed are methods of making a structure supported by a substrate by providing a substrate having a receiving surface and exposing at least a portion of the receiving surface to output from a remote plasma of an inert gas. The remote plasma has an energy low enough to substantially avoid etching or sputtering of the receiving surface but sufficient to generate a treated receiving surface. The treat
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Signal Processors, Signal Processing Methods, and Digital Filter Configuration Methods

Signal processors, signal processing methods, and digital filter configuration methods are discussed. In one arrangement, a signal processor includes a common node; a plurality of channels, each channel of the plurality comprising an analog filter, a sampler, and a digital filter and each channel of the plurality being configured to generate an intermediate digital signal using an analog signal presented at the common node; and processing circuitry configured form a digital signal representing t
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Medium Scale Carbon Nanotube Thin Film Integrated Circuits on Flexible Plastic Substrates

The present invention provides device components geometries and fabrication strategies for enhancing the electronic performance of electronic devices based on thin films of randomly oriented or partially aligned semiconducting nanotubes. In certain aspects, devices and methods of the present invention incorporate a patterned layer of randomly oriented or partially aligned carbon nanotubes, such as one or more interconnected SWNT networks, providing a semiconductor channel exhibiting improved ele
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Patterning Methods for Stretchable Structures

Described herein are processing techniques for fabrication of stretchable and/or flexible electronic devices using laser ablation patterning methods. The laser ablation patterning methods utilized herein allow for efficient manufacture of large area (e.g., up to 1 mm2 or greater or 1 m2 or greater) stretchable and/or flexible electronic devices, for example manufacturing methods permitting a reduced number of steps. The techniques described herein further provide for improved heterogeneous integ
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Method of Plasma Etching Ga-based Compound Semiconductors

A method of plasma etching Ga-based compound semiconductors includes providing a process chamber and a source electrode adjacent to the process chamber. The process chamber contains a sample comprising a Ga-based compound semiconductor. The sample is in contact with a platen which is electrically connected to a first power supply, and the source electrode is electrically connected to a second power supply. The method includes flowing SiCl4 gas into the chamber, flowing Ar gas into the chamber, a
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Methods and Devices for Fabricating and Assembling Printable Semiconductor Elements

The invention provides methods and devices for fabricating printable semiconductor elements and assembling printable semiconductor elements onto substrate surfaces. Methods, devices and device components of the present invention are capable of generating a wide range of flexible electronic and optoelectronic devices and arrays of devices on substrates comprising polymeric materials. The present invention also provides stretchable semiconductor structures and stretchable electronic devices capabl
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Method of Forming a Nanoscale Three-demensional Pattern in a Porous Semiconductor

A method of forming a nanoscale three-dimensional pattern in a porous semiconductor includes providing a film comprising a semiconductor material and defining a nanoscale metal pattern on the film, where the metal pattern has at least one lateral dimension of about 100 nm or less in size. Semiconductor material is removed from below the nanoscale metal pattern to create trenches in the film having a depth-to-width aspect ratio of at least about 10: 1, while pores are formed in remaining portions
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Light Emitting and Lasing Semiconductor Devices and Methods

A semiconductor light emitting device, including: a heterojunction bipolar light-emitting transistor having a base region between emitter and collector regions; emitter, base, and collector electrodes for coupling electrical signals with the emitter, base, and collector regions, respectively; and a quantum size region in the base region; the base region including a first base sub-region on the emitter side of the quantum size region, and a second base sub-region on the collector side of the quan
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Light Emitting and Lasing Transistor Devices and Methods

A method for producing light emission from a semiconductor device includes the following steps: providing a semiconductor base region disposed between a semiconductor emitter region and a semiconductor collector region that forms a tunnel junction adjacent the base region; providing, in the base region, a region exhibiting quantum size effects; providing an emitter terminal, a base terminal, and a collector terminal respectively coupled with the emitter region, the base region, and the collector
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Light Emitting Semiconductor Methods and Devices

A method for producing light emission from a two terminal semiconductor device with improved efficiency, includes the following steps: providing a layered semiconductor structure including a semiconductor drain region comprising at least one drain layer, a semiconductor base region disposed on the drain region and including at least one base layer, and a semiconductor emitter region disposed on a portion of the base region and comprising an emitter mesa that includes at least one emitter layer;
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Method and System Having Adjustable Analog-To-Digital Conversion Levels

An adaptive Analog to Digital Converter (ADC) that adjusts the representation levels used in the conversion process so as to optimize system performance. By establishing system performance criteria by which to select or adjust the signal value range associated with each digital representation and/or the digital representation, substantially fewer bits may be used in the ADC. The systems and methods described herein enable lower-power, smaller form-factor designs as well as very high-speed operat
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Method of Forming an Array of High Aspect Ratio Semiconductor Nanostructures

A new method for forming an array of high aspect ratio semiconductor nanostructures entails positioning a surface of a stamp comprising a solid electrolyte in opposition to a conductive film disposed on a semiconductor substrate. The surface of the stamp includes a pattern of relief features in contact with the conductive film so as to define a film- stamp interface. A flux of metal ions is generated across the film-stamp interface, and a pattern of recessed features complementary to the pattern
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Hybrid Plasma-semiconductor Optoelectronic Devices and Transistors

The invention provides combination semiconductor and plasma devices, including transistors and phototransistors. A preferred embodiment hybrid plasma semiconductor device has active solid state semiconductor regions; and a plasma generated in proximity to the active solid state semiconductor regions. Devices of the invention are referred to as hybrid plasma-semiconductor devices, in which a plasma, preferably a microplasma, cooperates with conventional solid state semiconductor device regions to
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Semiconducting Microcavity and Microchannel Plasma Devices

Preferred embodiments of the invention provide semiconducting microcavity plasma devices. Preferred embodiments of the invention are microcavity plasma devices having at least two pn junctions, separated by a microcavity or microchannel and powered by alternate half-cycles of a time-varying voltage waveform. Alternate embodiments have a single pn junction. Microplasma is produced throughout the cavity between single or multiple pn junctions and a dielectric layer isolates the microplasma from th
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Light emitting and lasing semiconductor devices and methods

A two terminal semiconductor device for producing light emission in response to electrical signals, includes: a terminal-less semiconductor base region disposed between a semiconductor emitter region and a semiconductor collector region having a tunnel junction adjacent the base region; the base region having a region therein exhibiting quantum size effects; an emitter terminal and a collector terminal respectively coupled with the emitter region and the collector region; whereby application of
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Semiconductor Heterostructure Nanowire Devices

Nanowire devices comprising core-shell or segmented nanowires are provided. In these nanowire devices, strain can be used as a tool to form metallic portions in nanowires made from compound semiconductor materials, and/or to create nanowires in which embedded quantum dots experience negative hydrostatic pressure or high positive hydrostatic pressure, whereby a phase transitions may occur, and/or to create exciton crystals.
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Pparatus and Semiconductor Co-crystal

The invention provides a method to enforce face-to-face stacking of organic semiconductors in the solid state that employs semiconductor co-crystal formers (SCCFs), to align semiconductor building blocks (SBBs). Single-crystal X-ray analysis reveals [pi]-orbital overlap optimal for organic semiconductor device applications.
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Adaptive Mirror and Method for the Production Thereof

The invention relates to an adaptive mirror based on a ceramic substrate comprising a corresponding reflector and piezoelectric actuators, a cooling device being built into the substrate. The invention also relates a method for producing such a mirror. Said mirror can be used for the modulatation or deformation of a high-power laser wave front.
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Photosensitive Semiconductor Component

In a semiconductor device (1) with a photosensitive doped semiconductor layer (2), are released into the at absorption of electromagnetic radiation (6) electrical charge carriers, the photosensitive semiconductor layer (2) a structured interface (7).The structured interface (7) is at least one layer (3) downstream of which generates an electric field to separate the charge carriers released, whereby the electric field of the structured interface (7) extends. The photosensitive semiconductor devi
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Detection Beyond the Standard Radiation Noise Limit Using Spectrally Selective Absorption

High sensitivity thermal detectors that perform beyond the blackbody radiation noise limit are described. Thermal detectors, as described herein, use spectrally selective materials that absorb strongly in the wavelength region of the desired signal but only weakly or not at all in the primary thermal emission band. Exemplary devices that can be made in accordance with the present invention include microbolometers containing semiconductors that absorb in the MWIR and/or THz range but not the LWIR
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Soft Switching Power Electronic Transformer

This patent document discloses power electronic transformers having a high-frequency link. An example apparatus include a transformer having a primary winding and a secondary winding, the transformer is configured to receive a primary power signal having a first frequency, a primary converter configured to selectively oscillate polarity of the primary windings with respect to the secondary windings at a second frequency, the second frequency substantially substantially higher than the first freq
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Method of Detecting and Correcting a Prescribed Set of Error Events Based on Error Detecting Code

A method of constructing an effective generator polynomial for error correction by which a unique set of syndromes for each error event is produced is provided. The method includes preparing a set of dominant error events from the intersymbol interference characteristics of media; and generating a codeword from the data using a non-primitive generator polynomial that produces a unique syndrome set which can completely specify each dominant error event.
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Device for Amplifying Light Pulses

The invention relates to a device (1, 11) for amplifying light pulses (2, 12), comprising a stretcher (4, 14) that temporally stretches the light pulses (2, 12), at least one amplifier (5, 15) that amplifies the stretched light pulses (2, 12), and a compressor (6, 16) that recompresses the stretched and amplified light pulses (2, 12), the stretcher (4, 14) and the compressor (6, 16) being dispersive elements that have substantially reversed identical dispersion. In order to design a light pulse
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Device for Amplifying Light Impulses

The present invention relates to a device (12) and to a method for amplifying light impulses (13). The device comprises a stretcher (15) stretching the light impulses over time, at least one amplifier (16) amplifying the stretched light impulses, and a compressor (17) compressing the stretched and amplified light impulses, wherein the amplifier (16) applies a non-linear phase generated by self-phase modulation to the stretched light impulses. In order to provide a device and a method for amplify
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I-III-VI2 Photovoltaic Absorber Layers

The invention provides a film having a composition AgWCu1-WInrGaxKySe2(I-Z)Q2Z; wherein K is Al or Tl or a combination of these; Q is S or Te or a combination of these; w is in a range from 0.01 to 0.75; x is in a range from 0.1 to 0.8; and r, y and z are each independently in a range from 0 to 1, provided that r+x+y= l. Methods of making the film can include processing temperatures not exceeding 500 DEG C.
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Eo Polymer-based Dual Slot Waveguide Modulators

Electro-optic modulators are disclosed. An electro-optic modulator comprises an electro-optic polymer layer, semiconductor layers, ferroelectric material layers, and electrodes. The semiconductor layers are positioned on each surface of the electro-optic polymer layer. The refractive index of the semiconductor layers in the optical and RF domains is higher than the refractive index of the electro-optic polymer layer in the optical and RF domains. The ferroelectric material layers are positioned
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Horizontally Depleted Metal Semiconductor Field Effect Transistor

The present invention provides a horizontally depleted Metal Semiconductor Field Effect Transistor (MESFET). A drain region, a source region, and a channel region are formed in the device layer such that the drain region and the source region are spaced apart from one another and the channel region extends between the drain region and the source region. First and second gate contacts are formed in the device layer on either side of the channel region, and as such, the first and second gate conta
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Epitaxial Methods and Templates Grown By the Methods

This invention provides methods for fabricating substantially continuous layers of a group III nitride semiconductor material having low defect densities and optionally having a selected crystal polarity. The methods include epitaxial growth nucleating and/or seeding on the upper portions of a plurality of pillars/islands of a group III nitride material that are irregularly arranged on a template structure. The upper portions of the islands have low defect densities and optionally have a selecte
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Methods for Producing Improved Epitaxial Materials

This invention provides methods for fabricating substantially continuous layers of group III nitride semiconductor materials having low defect densities. The methods include epitaxial growth of nucleation layers on a base substrate, thermally treatment of said nucleation layer and epitaxial growth of a discontinuous masking layer. The methods outlined promote defect reduction through masking, annihilation and coalescence, therefore producing semiconductor structures with low defect densities. Th
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IC Disabling Circuit

Systems and methods for disabling a secure Integrated Circuit (IC) are provided. In general, in response to detecting an event such as an intrusion on the secure IC, a supply voltage (VDD) node of the secure IC is clamped to, or effectively short circuited to, a reference voltage (Vss) node of the secure IC. The disabling of the secure IC may be temporary or permanent. In one embodiment, the disabling of the secure IC is made permanent by setting a state of a non-volatile memory element on the s
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Lattice Matched Multi- Junction Photovoltaic and Optoelectronic Devices

The present invention provides semiconductor structures comprising a substrate and at least three III-V and/or II- VI multi-junction building blocks, each comprising a p-n junction having at least two alloy layers, formed over the substrate, provided at least one multi-junction building block comprises II-VI alloy layers. Further described are methods for preparing semiconductor structures utilizing a sacrificial or etch-stop ternary III-V alloy layer over an III-V substrate.
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Methods for Improving the Quality of Group III-nitride Materials and Structures Produced By the Methods

The invention provides methods which can be applied during the epitaxial growth of two or more layers of Group Ill-nitride semiconductor materials so that the qualities of successive layer are successively improved. In preferred embodiments, surface defects interact with a protective layer of a protective material to form amorphous complex regions capable of preventing the further propagation of defects and dislocations. The invention also includes semiconductor structures fabricated by these me
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Assemblies and Methods for Reducing Warp and Bow of a Flexible Substrate During Semiconductor Processing

Methods are described for addressing the bowing and/or warping of flexible substrates, attached to a rigid carrier, which occurs as a result of the thermal challenges of semiconductor processing. In particular, viscoelastic adhesives are provided which can bond a flexible substrate to a rigid carrier and mediate the thermal mismatch which often is present due to the distinctly different materials properties of most flexible substrates, such as plastic films, with respect to rigid carriers, such
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GeSn Infrared Photodetectors

Photodiode devices with GeSn active layers can be integrated directly on p+ Si platforms under CMOS-compatible conditions. It has been found that even minor amounts of Sn incorporation (2 %) dramatically expand the range of IR detection up to at least 1750 nm and substantially increases the absorption. The corresponding photoresponse can cover of all telecommunication bands using entirely group IV materials.
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Thin Group IV Semiconductor Structures

Thin group IV semiconductor structures are provided comprising a thin Si substrate and a second region formed directly on the Si substrate, where the second region comprises either (i) a Ge1-xSnx layer; or (ii) a Ge layer having a threading dislocation density of less than about 105/cm2, and the effective bandgap of the second region is less than the effective bandgap of the Si substrate. Further, methods for preparing the thin group IV semiconductor structures are provided. Such structures are
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Hybrid Group IV/III-V Semiconductor Structures

Described herein are semiconductor structures comprising (i) a Si substrate; (ii) a buffer region formed directly over the Si substrate, wherein the buffer region comprises (a) a Ge layer having a threading dislocation density below about 105 cm-2; or (b) a Ge1-xSnx layer formed directly over the Si substrate and a Ge1-x-ySixSny layer formed over the Ge1-xSnx layer; and (iii) a plurality of III -V active blocks formed over the buffer region, wherein the first III- V active block formed over the
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Methods for Attaching Flexible Substrates to Rigid Carriers and Resulting Devices

Flexible substrates can be temporarily attached to a rigid carrier for processing a surface thereof by depositing a joining material at one or more contact points between a flexible substrate and a rigid carrier, contacting the flexible substrate and the rigid carrier at the one or more contact points; and exposing the one or more contact points to a temperature of between 219 DEG C and 1000 DEG C and under conditions suitable for attaching the flexible substrate and the rigid carrier at the one
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Methods and System for Electrostatic Discharge Protection of Thin-film Transistor Backplane Arrays

The present invention provides devices and methods for testing the electrical performance of thin- film transistor backplane arrays and protecting thin- films during testing and handling.
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Methods and System for On-chip Decoder for Array Test

The present invention provides devices capable of testing the electrical performance of thin- film transistor backplane arrays and methods for their use.
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Four-terminal Soi Mesfet Based Low Dropout Regulator

Embodiments of a Low Dropout (LDO) regulator are provided in which an n-channel Metal Semiconductor Field Effect Transistor (MESFET) is utilized as a pass transistor of the LDO regulator. In one embodiment, the LDO regulator is implemented on an integrated circuit die and includes an n-channel Semiconductor-on-lnsulator (SOI) MESFET pass transistor. A voltage applied to a substrate of the SOI MESFET pass transistor is controlled to configure the LDO regulator in either an ultra-low dropout volta
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Integrated Circuits Secure from Invasion and Methods of Manufacturing the Same

An integrated circuit device that is secure from invasion and related methods are disclosed herein. Other embodiments are also disclosed herein.
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Method of Etching Organosiloxane Dielectric Material and Semiconductor Device Thereof

In some embodiments, a method of etching an organosiloxane dielectric material can include: (a) providing the organosiloxane dielectric material; (b) providing a patterned mask over the organosiloxane dielectric material; and (c) reactive ion etching the organosiloxane dielectric material. Other embodiments are disclosed in this application.
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Method of Providing a Semiconductor Device with a Dielectric Layer and Semiconductor Device Thereof

In some embodiments, a method of providing a semiconductor device can include: (a) providing a substrate; (b) depositing a first metal layer over the substrate; (c) spin-coating a first dielectric material over the first metal layer, where the first dielectric material includes an organic siloxane -based dielectric material; and (d) depositing a second dielectric material comprising silicon nitride over the first dielectric material. Other embodiments are disclosed in this application.
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Laterally Varying Ii-vi Alloys and Uses Thereof

Described herein are semiconductor structures comprising laterally varying II-VI alloy layer formed over a surface of a substrate. Further, methods are provided for preparing laterally varying II-VI alloy layers over at least a portion of a surface of a substrate comprising contacting at least a portion of a surface of a substrate within a reaction zone with a chemical vapor under suitable reaction conditions to form a laterally varying II-VI alloy layer over the portion of the surface of the su
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Methods and compositions for preparing Ge/Si semiconductor substrates

The present disclosure describes methods for preparing semiconductor structures, comprising forming a Ge layer on a semiconductor substrate using an admixture of (a) (GeH3)2CH2 and Ge2H6; (b) GeH3CH3 and Ge2H6; or (c) (GeH3)2CH2, GeH3CH3 and Ge2H6, wherein in all cases, Ge2H6 is in excess. The disclosure further provides semiconductor structures formed according to the methods of the invention as well as compositions comprising an admixture of (GeH3)2CH2 and/or GeH3CH3 and Ge2H6 in a ratio of be
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Methods and compositions for preparing tensile strained Ge on Ge1-ySny buffered semiconductor substrates

The present disclosure describes methods for preparing semiconductor structures, comprising forming a Ge1-ySny buffer layer on a semiconductor substrate and forming a tensile strained Ge layer on the Ge1-ySny buffer layer using an admixture of (GeH3)2CH2 and Ge2H6 in a ratio of between 1:10 and 1:30. The disclosure further provides semiconductor structures having highly strained Ge epilayers (e.g., between about 0.15% and 0.45%) as well as compositions comprising an admixture of (GeH3)2CH2 and G
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Flexible Circuits and Electronic Textiles

Embodiments of wearable flexible devices and related methods are described herein. Other embodiments and related methods are also disclosed herein.
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Amplifiers with Depletion and Enhancement Mode Thin Film Transistors and Related Methods

In one embodiment, an apparatus comprises an integrated circuit comprising an amplifier. The amplifier can comprise a first transistor over a substrate of the integrated circuit, and a second transistor over the substrate and coupled to the first transistor. The first transistor can comprise a first source terminal, a first drain terminal, and a first gate terminal. The second transistor can comprise a second source terminal, a second drain terminal, and a second gate terminal. An input node of
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Method and apparatus for sampling and predicting rare events in complex electronic devices, circuits and systems

The invention provides methods for enhancing circuit reliability under statistical process variation. For highly replicated circuits such as SRAMs and flip flops, a rare statistical event for one circuit may induce a not-so-rare system failure. To combat this, the invention discloses the method called "Statistical Blockade," a Monte Carlo-type technique that allows the efficient filtering-blocking-of unwanted samples insufficiently rare in the tail distributions of interest, with speedups of 10-
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Method and Apparatus for Applying "Quasi-Monte Carlo" Methods to Complex Electronic Devices Circuits and Systems

The invention discloses a "Quasi-Monte Carlo" method originally intended for computational finance applications and applies said method to statistical circuit analysis. In doing so, it provides a means to efficiently and effectively detect and/or predict relatively rare failures or events to a wide range of industrial circuits and systems. The approach to the invention involves the representation of circuit metrics as a large multi-dimensional integral. This invention estimates such statistical
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Direct Bandgap Substrates and Methods of Making and Using

An indirect bandgap thin film semiconductor circuit can be combined with a compound semiconductor LED such as to provide an active matrix LED array that can have high luminous capabilities such as for a light projector application. In another example, a highly efficient optical detector is achievable through the combination of indirect and direct bandgap semiconductors. Applications can include display technologies, light detection, MEMS, chemical sensors, or piezoelectric systems. An LED array
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Single-shot Semiconductor Processing System and Method Having Various Irradiation Patterns

High throughput systems and processes for recrystallizing thin film semiconductors that have been deposited at low temperatures on a substrate are provided. A thin film semiconductor workpiece is irradiated with a laser beam to melt and recrystallize target areas of the surface exposed to the laser beam. The laser beam is shaped into one or more beamlets using patterning masks. The mask patterns have suitable dimensions and orientations to pattern the laser beam radiation so that the areas targe
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High-performance Gate Oxides Such As for Graphene Field-effect Transistors Or Carbon Nanotubes

An apparatus or method can include forming a graphene layer including a working surface, forming a polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) layer upon the working surface of the graphene layer, and forming a dielectric layer upon the PVA layer. In an example, the PVA layer can be activated and the dielectric layer can be deposited on an activated portion of the PVA layer. In an example, an electronic device can include such apparatus, such as included as a portion of graphene field-effect transistor (GFET), or o
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Method of Doping Organic Semiconductors

A method includes the steps of forming a contiguous semiconducting region and heating the region. The semiconducting region includes polyaromatic molecules. The heating raises the semiconducting region to a temperature above room temperature. The heating is performed in the presence of a dopant gas and the absence of light to form a doped organic semiconducting region.
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Collections of Laterally Crystallized Semiconductor Islands for Use in Thin Film Transistors

Collections of laterally crystallized semiconductor islands for use in thin film transistors and systems and methods for making same are described. A display device includes a plurality of thin film transistors (TFTs) on a substrate, such that the TFTs are spaced apart from each other and each include a channel region that has a crystalline microstructure and a direction along which a channel current flows. The channel region of each of the TFTs contains a crystallographic grain that spans the l
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Systems and Methods for Non-periodic Pulse Partial Melt Film Processing

In one aspect, the present disclosure relates to a method of processing a thin film including, while advancing a thin film in a first selected direction, irradiating a first region of the thin film with a first laser pulse and a second laser pulse, each laser pulse providing a shaped beam and having a fluence that is sufficient to partially melt the thin film and the first region re-solidifying and crystallizing to form a first crystallized region, and irradiating a second region of the thin fil
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Asynchronous Digital Circuits Including Arbitration and Routing Primitives for Asynchronous and Mixed-timing Networks

Asynchronous digital circuits are described, including arbitration and routing primitives for asynchronous and mixed-timing networks. An asynchronous arbitration primitive has two data inputs and one data output. A mutual exclusion element is used to select the first-arriving data request from one of the two inputs to the output. A asynchronous routing primitive has one data input and two data outputs. The incoming data is routed to one of the two outputs based on a routing bit accompanying the
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Hollow waveguide used in medicine and in structural analysis comprises a channel structure having an inner coating with a specified thickness

Hollow waveguide comprises a channel structure having an inner coating with a thickness of less than 50 nm. An independent claim is also included for a method for the production of the hollow waveguide.
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Electromagnetic field distribution determining robot system for gigahertz transverse electromagnetic cell, has sensor suspended at flexible clamping elements that are connected with drive for specifyi

The system has a positioning device with a drive for positioning a sensor. The sensor is suspended at two flexible clamping elements e.g. wire. The clamping elements are connected with the drive in a region of ends of the drive for specifying effective element length, where the ends turn towards the sensor. The clamping elements are formed of a non metallic material. A positioning module e.g. frame, includes a sensor for detecting actual wire length, where the actual length of the clamping eleme
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Magneto-optoelectronic switch and sensor

A Magneto-Optoelectronic Device MOD (10) includes a magnetic sensing device (12), such as a magnetoresistive device or a magnetic tunnel junction device, that is combined with a semiconductor light emitter (14), such as a LED or a laser diode, to create a compact integrated device where changes in an ambient magnetic field are expressed as changes in an optical beam intensity emanating from the MOD. Using the MOD (10) the magnetic field related information can be transmitted by a light wave over
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Space-Charge-Free Semiconductor and Method

A semiconductor having a an n-type material and a p-type material, wherein the n-type material and p-type material are joined to form a space-charge-free p-n junction. The energy of the Fermi-level of the n-type material is equal to the energy of the Fermi-level of the p-type material. This allows for the pre-alignment of the Fermi-levels of the n-type and the p-type materials. The semiconductor has minimal or no g-r noise. The semiconductor can be operated at TBLIP in the range of about 220 DEG
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Semiconductor Device and Method

The present invention is directed to a semiconductor device that includes at least one p-n junction including a p-type material, an n-type material, and a depletion region. The at least one p-n junction is configured to generate bulk photocurrent in response to incident light. The at least one p-n junction is characterized by a conduction band energy level, a valence band energy level and a surface Fermi energy level. The surface Fermi energy level is pinned either near or above the conduction b
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Transparent Rectifying Metal/metal Oxide/semiconductor Contact Structure and Method for the Production Thereof and Use

The invention relates to transparent rectifying contact structures for application in electronic devices, in particular appertaining to optoelectronics, solar technology and sensor technology, and also a method for the production thereof. The transparent rectifying contact structure according to the invention has the following constituents: a) a transparent semiconductor, b) a transparent, non-insulating and non-conducting layer composed of metal oxide, metal sulphide and/or metal nitride, the r
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Functionalized, Hydrogen-passivated Silicon Surfaces

This invention is generally related to a method of making a molecule-surface interface comprising at least one surface comprising at least one material and at least one organic group wherein the organic group is adjoined to the surface and the method comprises contacting at least one organic group precursor with at least one surface wherein the organic group precursor is capable of reacting with the surface in a manner sufficient to adjoin the organic group and the surface.
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Electronic Switching, Memory, and Sensor Devices from Carbon Sheets on Dielectric Materials

Electronic devices comprising a dielectric material, at least one carbon sheet, and two electrode terminals are described herein. The devices exhibit non-linear current-versus-voltage response over a voltage sweep range in various embodiments. Uses of the electronic devices as two- terminal memory devices, logic units, and sensors are disclosed. Processes for making the electronic devices are disclosed. Methods for using the electronic devices in analytical methods are disclosed.
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Vertically-stacked Electronic Devices Having Conductive Carbon Films

Vertically-stacked electronic devices having conductive carbon films are disclosed. The vertically-stacked devices exhibit non-linear current-versus-voltage response over a voltage sweep range in various embodiments. The vertically-stacked devices may be assembled into arrays where the vertically-stacked devices may be electrically addressed independently of one another. Uses of the vertically-stacked electronic devices and arrays as two-terminal memory devices, logic units, and sensors are disc
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Integrated Embedded Processor Based Laser Spectroscopic Sensor

A novel low-power and compact laser spectroscopic sensor is described herein. Embodiments of the disclosed sensor utilize state-of-the-art microprocessors and digital processing techniques to reduce power consumption and integrate functions into a small device. In particular, novel software methods are disclosed which allow the use of low-power microprocessors which draw no more than about 0.02 W of power. Such low-power enables long battery life and allows embodiments of the sensor to be used i
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Semiconducting Nanocrystals Comprising a Metal Sulfide Shell and Methods for their Preparation

Methods for synthesizing a semiconductor nanocrystal are provided comprising providing a semiconductive core; providing a metal precursor solution comprising a metal acetate, a non-polar solvent, trioctylphosphine, and trioctylphosphine oxide; providing a sulfur precursor solution; admixing the semiconductive core, the metal precursor solution, and the sulfur precursor solution to form a reaction dispersion; and heating the reaction dispersion to a temperature sufficient to induce formation of a
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Fabrication of light emitting film coated fullerenes and their application for in-vivo emission

A nanoparticle coated with a semiconducting material and a method for making the same. In one embodiment, the method comprises making a semiconductor coated nanoparticle comprising a layer of at least one semiconducting material covering at least a portion of at least one surface of a nanoparticle, comprising: (A) dispersing the nanoparticle under suitable conditions to provide a dispersed nanoparticle; and (B) depositing at least one semiconducting material under suitable conditions onto at lea
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Apparatus and Method for Compressive Imaging and Sensing Through Multiplexed Modulation

Compressive imaging apparatus employing multiple modulators in various optical schemes to generate the modulation patterns before the signal is recorded at a detector. The compressive imaging apparatus is equally valid when applying compressive imaging to structured light embodiments where the placement is shifted from the acquisition path between the subject and the detector into the illumination path between the source and the subject to be imaged.
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Electronic Devices Containing Switchably Conductive Silicon Oxides as a Switching Element and Methods for Production and Use Thereof

In various embodiments, electronic devices containing switchably conductive silicon oxide as a switching element are described herein. The electronic devices are two-terminal devices containing a first electrical contact and a second electrical contact in which at least one of the first electrical contact or the second electrical contact is deposed on a substrate to define a gap region therebetween. A switching layer containing a switchably conductive silicon oxide resides in the gap region betw
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Method for Fabrication of a Semiconductor Element and Structure Thereof

Re-programmable antifuses and structures utilizing re-programmable antifuses are presented herein. Such structures include a configurable interconnect circuit having at least one re-programmable antifuse, wherein the at least one re-programmable antifuse is configured to be programmed to conduct by applying a first voltage across it and is configured to be re-programmed not to conduct by applying second voltage across it, wherein the second voltage is higher than the first voltage. Additionally,
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Staggered Composition Quantum Well Method and Device

A light emitting device comprising a staggered composition quantum well.
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Motion Activated Amplifier

An electronic device that includes a motion activated amplifier structured to receive a first DC signal having a first DC voltage level and output a second DC signal having a second DC voltage level that is greater than the first DC voltage level. The motion activated amplifier includes a motion activated switch operatively coupled to transformer/rectifier circuitry, wherein the motion activated switch is structured to receive the first DC signal and in response to being moved output an AC signa
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Methods and Apparatus for Switching a Transponder to an Active State, and Asset Management Systems Employing Same

A transponder that may be used as an RFID tag includes a passive circuit to eliminate the need for an "always on" active RF receiving element to anticipate a wake-up signal for the balance of the transponder electronics. This solution allows the entire active transponder to have all circuit elements in a sleep (standby) state, thus drastically extending battery life or other charge storage device life. Also, a wake-up solution that reduces total energy consumption of an active transponder system
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Intelligent Modeling and Control of Automation

A system and method for advanced device specific knowledge based modeling as well as intelligent control to yield high performance, low cost automation for optoelectronic design, packaging and assembly. The control loop design is based on knowledge based model predictive control. A knowledge model, specific to the assembled package's characteristics, is used to set the initial "feed-forward" conditions of an automation system. In addition to this feed-forward model for setting the initial set po
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Pyromellitic Diimide Organic Semiconductors and Devices

n-type organic semiconductors have a pyromellitic diimide structure and electronic or electro-optic devices include pyromellitic diimide compounds as organic semiconductors. Specific semiconductors include pyromellitic diimide compounds have sidechains comprising fluorine substituted aliphatic or aromatic moieties linked to the pyromellitic diimide structure by an alkylene or heteroalkylene linking group. An electronic or electro-optic device includes a first electrode, a second electrode space
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Power Junction Field Effect Power Transistor with Highly Vertical Channel and Uniform Channel Opening

A semiconductor vertical junction field effect power transistor formed by a semiconductor structure having top and bottom surfaces and including a plurality of semiconductor layers with predetermined doping concentrations and thicknesses and comprising at least a bottom layer as drain layer, a middle layer as blocking and channel layer, a top layer as source layer. A plurality of laterally spaced U-shaped trenches with highly vertical side walls defines a plurality of laterally spaced mesas. The
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Method for improved DEMON analysis using sub-band signals and local areas

The method involves subdividing a time-frequency-plane (9) into local regions (10), and separately evaluating demodulation of envelope modulation on noise (DEMON) spectrums, where each individual spectral value (11) consists of frequency and time points. Information carrying local regions of the spectrums are strongly evaluated. Distance between the expected and actual spectral value assignments is determined for each local region. A DEMON-gram is produced by the overlapping of spectrums for eac
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Measuring Method and Device for Characterizing a Semiconductor Component

The invention relates to a measuring method for characterizing a semiconductor component (1) having at least one pn junction and a measuring surface, which is the front and/or rear of the semiconductor component and which has at least one contacting subarea, which is covered by a metallization or is intended for coverage by a metallization, comprising the following steps: A. Planar application of electromagnetic excitation radiation onto the measuring area of the semiconductor component (1) for
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Method for Fast Macropore Etching in N-type Silicon

Electrochemical etching of macropores in n-type silicon wafers under illumination of wafer's rear side by use of an aqueous electrolyte, is claimed, where the electrolyte is an aqueous acetic acid solution of a composition comprising water:acetic acid in a ratio of 2:1 and 7:3 with a mixture of at least 9 wt.% of hydrogen fluoride.
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Method and Arrangement for Reconstructing the Source of an Electromagnetic Field

The invention relates to a method for reconstructing the source (10, 23, 25) of an electromagnetic field. First, a measuring chamber (14) separate from the source (10, 23, 25) is selected so that the measuring space (14) is connected to the source (10, 23, 25) by means of a magnetically homogeneous spatial area. Measured values of the electromagnetic field emitted by the source (10, 23, 25) are recorded on the surface of the measuring chamber (14) in such a way that the electromagnetic field in
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Electrode for Lithium-ion Accumulators

The invention relates to electrodes for lithium-ion accumulators comprising a metal film that is inert in relation to lithium ions and a plurality of silicon nanowires projecting from the film at least on a flat side of the film. Parts of the nanowires are surrounded by the metal film.
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Apparatus Designed As a Robot for the Autonomous, Unmanned Determination of Leaks Releasing Substances Into the Surroundings from Pressurized Systems, Particularly Pipe Systems, and Method for Operati

The invention relates to an apparatus designed as a robot for the autonomous, unmanned determination of leaks releasing substances into the surroundings from pressurized systems, particularly pipe systems, said apparatus comprising a motor-operated movement platform, such as a chassis, having a sensor system for localizing and navigating the chassis in the region of the pressurized system, said apparatus further comprising at least one optical remote measuring device for detecting and localizing
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Device for Subjecting Single- Or Three-phase Voltage Source to Parallel Operation By Equal Rating

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide a device wherein two or more inductively coupled inverters are subjected to parallel operations by an equal rating, and therefor, any additional synchronizing line and/or communicating line are unnecessary. ; SOLUTION: In the device, each inverter has a controlling circuit whose purpose is to control their respective output voltages. To each of controlling circuits, a reference voltage u<SB>ref</SB>is given as a common desired voltage. A frequency f is obtained f
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Sensor Arrangement

The invention relates to a sensor having a conductor arrangement and an intervening dielectric to detect local sensor impedances in response to external forces. The conductor arrangement comprises elongate conductor strips between which the intervening dielectric is arranged as a compressible insulating medium.
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Method for Detecting Objects

The invention relates to a method for detecting objects, in which method a plurality of trajectory points are detected and evaluated together. According to the invention, the trajectory points are detected at least three-dimensionally and a plurality of three-dimensional measured values are evaluated together.
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Stacked Organic Photosensitive Devices

A device is provided having a first electrode, a second electrode, a first photoactive region having a characteristic absorption wavelength lambda1 and a second photoactive region having a characteristic absorption wavelength lambda2. The photoactive regions are disposed between the first and second electrodes, and further positioned on the same side of a reflective layer, such that the first photoactive region is closer to the reflective layer than the second photoactive region. The materials c
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Organic Photosensitive Devices

The present invention generally relates to organic photosensitive optoelectronic devices. More specifically, it is directed to organic photosensitive optoelectronic devices having a photoactive organic region containing encapsulated nanoparticles that exhibit plasmon resonances. An enhancement of the incident optical field is achieved via surface plasmon polariton resonances. This enhancement increases the absorption of incident light, leading to a more efficient device.
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Oleds Doped with Phosphorescent Compounds

Organic light emitting devices are disclosed which are comprised of a heterostructure for producing electroluminescence wherein the heterostructure is comprised of an emissive layer containing a phosphorescent dopant compound. For example, the phosphorescent dopant compound may be comprised of platinum octaethylporphine (PtOEP), which is a compound having the chemical structure with the formula:
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Organometallic Complexes As Phosphorescent Emitters in Organic Leds

Organic light emitting devices are described wherein the emissive layer comprises a host material containing an emissive molecule, which molecule is adapted to luminesce when a voltage is applied across the heterostructure, and the emissive molecule is selected from the group of phosphorescent organometallic complexes, including cyclometallated platinum, iridium and osmium complexes. The organic light emitting devices optionally contain an exciton blocking layer. Furthermore, improved electrolum
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Organic Photosensitive Devices Using Subphthalocyanine Compounds

An organic photosensitive optoelectronic device, having a donor-acceptor heterojunction of a donor-like material and an acceptor-like material and methods of making such devices is provided. At least one of the donor-like material and the acceptor-like material includes a subphthalocyanine, a subporphyrin, and/or a subporphyrazine compound; and/or the device optionally has at least one of a blocking layer or a charge transport layer, where the blocking layer and/or the charge transport layer inc
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Organic Light Emitting Devices Having Carrier Transporting Layers Comprising Metal Complexes

Light emitting devices having charge transporting layers comprising one or more metal complexes are provided. More particularly, devices include hole transporting layers comprising at least one metal complex are disclosed. The present devices can further comprise an electron blocking layer for improved efficiency.
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Organic Light-emitting Device with a Phosphor-sensitized Fluorescent Emission Layer

The present invention relates to organic light emitting devices (OLEDs), and more specifically to OLEDS that emit light using a combination of fluorescent emitters and phosphorescent emitters. The emissive region of the devices of the present invention comprise at least one phosphor-sensitized layer which has a combined emission from a phosphorescent emitter and a fluorescent emitter. Ih preferred embodiments, the invention relates to white-emitting OLEDS (WOLEDs).
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Organic Triodes with Novel Grid Structures and Method of Production

An organic semiconductor device is provided. The device has a first electrode and a second electrode, with an organic semiconductor layer disposed between the first and second electrodes. An electrically conductive grid is disposed within the organic semiconductor layer, which has openings in which the organic semiconductor layer is present. At least one insulating layer is disposed adjacent to the electrically conductive grid, preferably such that the electrically conductive grid is completely
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System and Method for Depositing Thin Layers on Non-Planar Substrates by Stamping

An elastomeric stamp is used to deposit material on a non-planar substrate. A vacuum mold is used to deform the elastomeric stamp and pressure is applied to transfer material from the stamp to the substrate. By decreasing the vacuum applied by the vacuum mold, the elasticity of the stamp may be used to apply this pressure. Pressure also may be applied by applying a force to the substrate and/or the stamp. The use of an elastomeric stamp allows for patterned layers to be deposited on a non-planar
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Organic Photovoltaic Devices

The present invention generally relates to organic photosensitive optoelectronic devices. More specifically, it is directed to organic photovoltaic devices, e.g., organic solar cells. Further, it is directed to an optimized organic solar cell comprising multiple stacked subcells in series. High power conversion efficiency are achieved by fabrication of a photovoltaic cell comprising multiple stacked subcells with thickness optimization and employing an electron blocking layer.
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Semiconductor Coated Microporous Graphene Scaffolds

A high surface area scaffold to be used for a solar cell, made of a three- dimensional percolated network of functionalized graphene sheets. It may be used in the preparation of a high surface area electrode by coating with a semi conductive material. Electronic devices can be made therefrom, including solar cells such as dye-sensitized solar cells.
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Non-crystalline Materials Having Complete Photonic, Electronic, Or Phononic Band Gaps

The invention provides an article of manufacture, and methods of designing and making the article. The article permits or prohibits waves of energy, especially photonic/electromagnetic energy, to propagate through it, depending on the energy band gaps built into it. The structure of the article may be reduced to a pattern of points having a hyperuniform distribution. The point-pattern may exhibit a crystalline symmetry, a quasicrystalline symmetry or may be aperiodic. In some embodiments, the po
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Organic Photosensitive Optoelectronic Device Having a Phenanthroline Exciton Blocking Layer

An organic photosensitive optoelectronic device, having an anode, a cathode, and an organic blocking layer between the anode and the cathode is described, wherein the blocking layer comprises a phenanthroline derivative, and at least partially blocks at least one of excitons, electrons, and holes.
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Organic photosensitive optoelectronic device

The invention relates to a mixed electrical configuration stacked organic photosensitive optoelectronic device comprising a substrate having a proximal surface and a distal surface and plurality of subassemblies of organic photosensitive optoelectronic subcells, each of said subcells having a cathode and an anode, each of said cathode and anode being an electrode layer or a charge transfer layer, said subcells in superposed relation with each other and with said distal surface of said substrate,
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Hybrid Layers for Use in Coatings on Electronic Devices Or Other Articles

A method for protecting an electronic device comprising an organic device body. The method involves the use of a hybrid layer deposited by chemical vapor deposition. The hybrid layer comprises a mixture of a polymeric material and a non-polymeric material, wherein the weight ratio of polymeric to non-polymeric material is in the range of 95:5 to 5:95, and wherein the polymeric material and the non-polymeric material are created from the same source of precursor material. Also disclosed are techn
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Very high efficiency organic light emitting devices based on electrophosphorescence

The invention relates to an organic light emitting device comprising an anode, a cathode, and an emissive layer, wherein the emissive layer is located between the anode and the cathode, and the emissive layer comprises a phosphorescent organometallic compound, wherein the phosphorescent organometallic compound is a cyclometallated iridium or osmium compound in particular including a cyclometallated ring having a carbon-metal bond.
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Method of fabricating devices by stamping

The invention relates to a method of fabricating an organic device, comprising: depositing a first organic layer onto a patterned, soft elastomeric stamp; and transferring the first organic layer from the patterned, soft elastomeric stamp onto a substrate.
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Controlled growth of larger heterojunction interface area for organic photosensitive devices

An optoelectronic device and a method of fabricating a photosensitive optoelectronic device includes depositing a first organic semiconductor material on a first electrode to form a continuous first layer having protrusions, a side of the first layer opposite the first electrode having a surface area at least three times greater than an underlying lateral cross-sectional area; depositing a second organic semiconductor material directly on the first layer to form a discontinuous second layer, por
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Hybrid Dielectric Material for Thin Film Transistors

Thin-film transistors are made using a hybrid silica-silicone material as an insulating material. The hybrid silica-silicone material may be deposited by plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition from siloxanes and oxygen. These hybrid materials may be employed as the gate dielectric, as a subbing layer, and/or as a back channel passivating layer. The transistors may be made in any conventional TFT geometry.
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High Efficiency Multi-color Electro-phosphorescent Oleds

The present invention relates to efficient organic light emitting devices (OLEDs) doped with multiple light-emitting dopants, at least one dopant comprising a phosphorescent emitter, in a thin film emissive layer or layers. The present invention is directed to an efficient phosphorescent organic light emitting device utilizing a plurality of emissive dopants in an emissive region, wherein at least one of the dopants is a phosphorescent material. Thus, the present invention provides an organic li
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Printed Electronics

Printed electronic device comprising a substrate onto at least one surface of which has been applied a layer of an electrically conductive ink comprising functionalized graphene sheets and at least one binder. A method of preparing printed electronic devices is further disclosed.
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Sensors

The invention provides sensors that are useful for detecting and measuring chemical characteristics and physical properties of compositions containing analytes. The invention further provides, among other things, methods for making the sensors and for using them, as well as modified cells having sensors of the invention therein.
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Bistable Nanoswitch

A non-volatile bistable nano-electromechanical switch is provided for use in memory devices and microprocessors. The switch employs carbon nanotubes as the actuation element. A method has been developed for fabricating nanoswitches having one single-walled carbon nanotube as the actuator. The actuation of two different states can be achieved using the same low voltage for each state.
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Large Scale Nanoelement Assembly Method for Making Nanoscale Circuit Interconnects and Diodes

Nanoelements such as single walled carbon nanotubes are assembled in three dimensions into a nanoscale template on a substrate by means of electrophoresis and dielectrophoresis at ambient temperature. The current-voltage relation indicates that strong substrate-nanotube interconnects carrying mA currents are established inside the template pores. The method is suitable for large-scale, rapid, three-dimensional assembly of 1,000,000 nanotubes per square centimeter area using mild conditions. Circ
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System and Method for Coupling a Multi-mode Optical Fiber to a Single Mode Optical Fiber

A multi-mode to single mode optical interface device includes an optically pumped edge emitting semiconductor laser device and a lens. The optically pumped edge emitting semiconductor laser device includes (1) a gain area, and (2) an edge located single mode output. The lens focuses a multi-mode optical fiber output beam into a substantially line shaped output beam focused onto the gain area of the optically pumped edge emitting semiconductor laser device. A method for converting a multi-mode op
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Multiple Excitation Capacitance Polling for Enhanced Electronic Capacitance Tomography

Disclosed herein is a novel sensing technique, termed Multiple Excitation Capacitance Polling (MECaP), that improves the efficiency of Electrical Capacitance Tomography (ECT). Unlike traditional alternating current techniques, where excitation signal is applied to an electrode one at a time, MECaP involves simultaneously applying multiple excitation signals, in a progressively increasing fashion, to multiple electrodes on an ECT sensor. The received signals are filtered or otherwise decomposed (
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Thyristor radiation detector array and applications thereof

An array of thyristor detector devices is provided having an epitaxial growth structure with complementary types of modulation doped quantum well interfaces located between a P+layer and an N+ layer. The thyristor detector devices operate over successive cycles that each include a sequence of two distinct modes: a setup mode and a signal acquisition mode. During the setup mode, the n-type quantum well interface and/or p-type quantum well interface is(are) substantially emptied of charge. During
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Low-temperature Surface Doping/alloying/coating of Large Scale Semiconductor Nanowire Arrays

A method and corresponding system for providing a uniform nanowire array including uniform nanowires composed of at least three elements is presented. An embodiment of the method includes growing an array of two-element nanowires, and thereafter uniformly doping or alloying each two-element nanowire, with respect to each other two-element nanowire, with at least one doping or alloying element through a wet chemical synthesis with a precursor solution, to produce the uniform array of nanowires co
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Device and Method for Measurement

Substances either separated or not by means of 1D or 2D flat bed electrophoresis or chromatography can be directly measured without pre-marking, by means of measuring the fluorescence thereof in the UV region with a UV detector, the above being stimulated by means of irradiation with UV light in the wavelength range of 140 to 320 nm.
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Method for Stabilizing a Laser Beam

The invention relates to a method for stabilizing a laser beam, which performs a reciprocating movement about a pivot point, at an examination location, in which the pivot point (D1) of the reciprocating movement is projected onto the examination location (D2) by means of an arrangement having at least one focusing element (L1, L2), which is arranged at a specific distance (A) from the pivot point (D1).
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Method and Apparatus for Stabilizing a Laser Beam

The invention relates to a method for stabilizing a laser beam, in particular for stabilizing the profile intensity and/or the pendulum motion, in which an initial laser beam (1) is split into two partial beams (2, 3), wherein the two partial beams (2, 3) are rotated relative to one another by 180 degrees about the propagation direction and both partial beams (2, 3) are once again superposed to form a whole beam (4). The invention further relates to an apparatus for stabilizing a laser beam, in
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Layer system based on a high magnetic field or semiconductor-hybrids, comprises layers of a half-metallic ferromagnet, in an alternating arrangement, and a semiconducting compound, or a semiconducting

Layer system based on high magnetic field/semiconductor-hybrids, comprises one or more layers of a half-metallic ferromagnet, in an alternating arrangement, and a semiconducting compound, or a semiconducting non-stoichiometric compound. Layer system based on a high magnetic field/semiconductor-hybrids, comprises one or more layers of a half-metallic ferromagnet with Heusler structure of formula (X 2Y1Z) (I) or (XY1Z) (II), in an alternating arrangement, and a semiconducting compound with Heusler
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Non-wettable Surfaces

An object having a surface that has: filaments having a length of from 30 to 6000 [mu]m, a diameter to length ratio of from 1:10 to 1:20, and are bound to the surface with at least one front face thereof; wherein the distance between two neighboring filaments on the surface is such that the ratio of such distance to the length of the filaments is from 1:3 to 1:10; the filaments have an elasticity of from 104 to 1010 N/m2; the surface of the filament is at least partially hydrophobic, so that the
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Optical Devices Featuring Nonpolar Textured Semiconductor Layers

A semiconductor emitter, or a precursor therefor, has a substrate and one or more textured semiconductor layers deposited onto the substrate in a nonpolar orientation. The textured layers enhance light extraction, and the use of nonpolar orientation greatly enhances internal quantum efficiency compared to conventional devices. Both the internal and external quantum efficiencies of emitters of the invention can be 70-80% or higher. The invention provides highly efficient light emitting diodes sui
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Chemical/biological Sensor Employing Scattered Chromatic Components in Nano-patterned Aperiodic Surfaces

A label-free multiplexed sensing platform is based on light interaction with aperiodic photonic structures with an advantage of a broadband operation. Multiple-scattering-induced "fingerprinting" colorimetric signatures can be used as a transduction mechanism. Aperiodic sensing platforms can operate in the infrared to provide an overlap with spectral fingerprints of biological molecules. Miniaturized optical biosensors may be based on engineered colorimetric scattering signatures (structural col
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Glucose Sensor Employing Semiconductor Nanoelectronic Device

A glucose sensor employs a programmable glucose sensor array of a relatively large number of nanoelectronic devices (e.g. semiconductor field-effect devices) having control surfaces functionalized with a glucose-reactive substance and generating sensing signals indicative of sensed glucose level of a bodily fluid. The devices are divided into sub-sets sequentially enabled over successive intervals to achieve overall sensor lifetime many times longer than the lifetime of any single device in oper
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Biological Circuit Chemotactic Converters

Described herein are novel biological circuit chemotactic converter that utilize modular components, such as genetic toggle switches and single invertase memory modules (SIMMs), for detecting and converting external inputs, such as chemoattractants, into outputs that allow for autonomous chemotaxis in cellular systems. Flexibility in these biological circuit chemotactic converter is provided by combining individual modular components, i.e., SIMMs and genetic toggle switches, together. These biol
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Biological Analog-to-digital and Digital-to-analog Converter Switches

Described herein are novel biological converter switches that utilize modular components, such as genetic toggle switches and single invertase memory modules (SIMMs), for converting analog inputs to digital outputs, and digital inputs to analog outputs, in cells and cellular systems. Flexibility in these biological converter switches is provided by combining individual modular components, i.e., SIMMs and genetic toggle switches, together. These biological converter switches can be combined in a
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Nanochannel-based Sensor System with Controlled Sensitivity

Disclosed are sensors, devices, systems, arrays of sensors and methods, including a sensing device that includes a sensor including one or more nanochannels constructed from semiconductor material and connected at their opposite ends to electrodes, the one or more nanochannels having at least one electrical property that varies based, at least in part, on an interaction with at least one analyte contained in a sample introduced to the sensor. The device also includes a controller to control sens
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Device for Amplifying And/or Transporting Electromagnetic Radiation

The invention relates to a device (1) for amplifying and/or transporting electromagnetic radiation, comprising a radiation source (2) for generating the electromagnetic radiation and an amplifier (4) for amplifying or a medium for transporting the generated electromagnetic radiation. In order to make available a device (1) for amplifying or transporting electromagnetic radiation that provides a very easy to implement possibility for reducing the influence of non-linear effects, the electromagnet
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Sers Substrate

The invention relates to a novel SERS substrate, a method for the production thereof, a method for the examination thereof, and the use thereof. The aim of the invention, which is to provide novel SERS substrates that can be produced in a cost-effective manner compared to clean-room SERS substrates and that have substantially ordered particle structures compared to randomly arranged metal-particle SERS substrates, is solved in that the SERS substrates are composed of metal nanoparticles that are
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Bragg mirror with superlattice for compensation of lattice mismatch

The semiconductor element (10) has a layer pair (11) with a layer (12) having refractive index and a lattice constant. Another layer (13) has another refractive index which is different from the former refractive index. The former layer is formed as a super lattice (23) by different periodically replicating layers that are applied on one another. The former lattice constant is adapted to the latter lattice constant of the latter layer. Independent claims are also included for: (1) a bragg mirror
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Manufacturing semiconductor device for use as gas sensor, photo-detector, photo cell, solar cell, diode or light emitting diode, involves forming seed layer on nano-wire layer by using solution in pre

Semiconductor device manufacturing involves forming seed layer on nano-wire layer by using a solution at 30, preferably 100, particularly 200[deg] C in a pressure tank at a pressure of 14.5 bars. An independent claim is also included for a semiconductor device, which comprises a p-type zinc oxide nano-wire layer and an n-type zinc oxide nano-wire layer, which are electrically connected.
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Bipolar Transistor with Quantum Well Base and Quantum Well Emitter

A double heterojunction bipolar transistor (DHBT) is disclosed having a quantum well base and a quantum well emitter. The energy band profile of a DHBT can be used t create a quantum well for holes and a quantum barrier for electrons.
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Field Effect Transistor with Independently Biased Gates

A field effect transistor (FET) having at least two independently biased gates can provide uniform electric field in the channel region of the FET. The same AC voltage may be applied to each gate for modulating the FET. One of the gates is positioned closer to the channel region than the other gate. Such a FET allows tailoring the electric field in the channel region of the FET so that it is substantially uniform. The FET exhibits desirable performance characteristics, including having a constan
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Field Effect Transistor with Shifted Gate

A field effect transistor has a shifted gate such that the gate-source distance depends on the ratio of the threshold voltage to the drain voltage. In one embodiment, a switch may include two FETs: one FET in a series configuration and one FET in a shunt configuration. Providing a switch having at least one FET with a shifted gate allows increasing switching speed and decreasing insertion loss.
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Improved Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor Devices

Improvements in Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor (CMOS) devices; in particular, field effect transistors (FETs) and devices using said transistors which are able to take advantage of the higher carrier mobility of electrons compared to holes by replacing the conventional p-channel transistor with an n-channel transistor having a double gate (or vice versa) : Such a. Unipolar CMOS (U-CMOS) transistor can be realised by adapting the source and/or the drain such that when the body region und
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Ferroelectric Devices Including a Layer Having Two Or More Stable Configurations

Ferroelectric semiconductor devices are provided by including a ferroelectric layer in the device that is made of a material that is not ferroelectric in bulk. Such layers can be disposed at interfaces to promote ferroelectric switching in a semiconductor device. Switching of conduction in the semiconductor is effected by the polarization of a mechanically bi-stable material. This material is not ferroelectric in bulk but can be considered to be when the thickness is sufficiently reduced down to
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Pwm Amplifier

Amplifier device of the pulse width modulation amplifier type (PWM amplifier), which comprises a switch according to a micro-electromechanical system (MEMS-switch) for a signal to be amplified (Vi), wherein the MEMS switch comprises at least one substrate (1) on which are arranged - a movable thin film of an electrically conductive material, - a first electrode forming the input for the signal to be amplified (Vi), - a second electrode forming the output for a pulse width-modulated signal, and -
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Method for Improvement of Semiconductor Crystalline Lattice

The invention applies to field of technical physics, and it can be used in electronics and optoelectronics. In invention it is shown that there is a possibility to improve semiconductor crystalline lattice. High gradient of temperature has the main role in this process, and interstitial atoms and vacancies, as a result, drift in opposite directions: vacancies into semiconductor bulk, but interstitial atoms to the surface.
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Pyrene-based Polymers for Organic Light Emitting Diodes (oleds )

The present invention relates to novel pyrene-based polymers, methods of preparing the same and uses thereof, in particular for electroluminescent devices. The novel polymers of the invention have the following general formula (I): wherein R1, R2, R3, R4, R5, R6, R7 and R8 are independently of each other hydrogen, halogen, in particular F, SiR100R101R102, or an organic substituent, or R6 and R7, R3 and R4, and/or any of the substituents R1, R2, R3, R4, R5, R6, R7 and/or R8, which are adjacent to
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OFET-based sensor for detecting an analyte

An electrical sensor ("SensFET") is provided for qualitatively and/or quantitatively detecting an analyte of interest (molecules, ions etc.) in a gaseous or liquid medium, comprising an organic field-effect transistor device fabricated on a rigid or flexible substrate (61) having a source electrode (63), a drain electrode (64), an organic semiconducting layer serving as active channel (65), possibly one or more intermediate layers (66), a dielectric layer (67) and a gate electrode (68). The diel
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Motion Estimation and Compensation Process and Device

In the motion estimation and compensation process for video frames, blocks O of pixels are considered. A number k of bit planes in a block O in a video frame F are compared with blocks OR in reference frames (FR). The best matching block (ORM) is determined in the reference frames (FR). Subsequently, a weight value (WX IJ) is calculated for the best matching block (ORM) based on the ratio of valid pixels therein. The residual pixel values (VX IJ) extracted from the best matching block (ORM) and
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Method for Providing a Crystalline Germanium Layer on a Substrate

The present invention provides a method for providing a crystalline germanium layer on a crystalline base substrate having a crystalline surface. The method comprises cleaning the base substrate for removing contaminants and/or native oxides from the surface, providing an amorphous germanium layer on the surface of the base substrate while exposing to the base substrate to a hydrogen source such as e.g. a hydrogen plasma, a H2 flux or hydrogen originating from dissociation of GeH4 and/or to a no
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Switchable Multiband LNA Design

A low noise amplifying (LNA) circuit comprising an amplifying section (11, 12) and a feedback means (14) arranged for providing input matching from the output to the input. The LNA circuit further comprises at least one frequency band determining inductor (15) having a predetermined resonance frequency for influencing at least one frequency band in which the amplifying section operates. The at least one inductor is directly connected to the output of the circuit and the feedback means (14) provi
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Interleaved Pipelined Binary Search A/d Converter

The present invention is related to a pipelined analog-to-digital converter, ADC, for converting an analog input signal into a digital signal comprising - a plurality of comparing means having tuneable thresholds for comparing an input signal with; at least two of said given thresholds being different and - a plurality of amplifying circuits, - wherein said plurality of comparing means is configured to form a hierarchical tree structure, said hierarchical tree structure having a plurality of hie
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Devices for emitting radiation with a high efficiency

The present invention aims to disclose radiation, preferably light emitting, devices with a high radiation emission efficiency. The invention further aims at disclosing radiation, preferably light, emitting devices that can be fabricated as small devices in an array of such devices. In a first object of the invention, the radiation, preferably light, emitting devices can be placed in dense arrays. In a second object of the invention, the radiation, preferably light, outcoupling efficiency of the
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Photonic Mixer

The photonic mixer for use in time of flight (TOF) applications comprises substrate 1 having a field area that is doped with a dopant of a first conductivity type; a couple of an injecting contact region 3 for injecting the majority carrier-current into the semiconductor substrate 1 and a detector region 7 for collecting the photocurrent, whereby the injecting contact region 3 is doped with a dopant of the first conductivity type at a higher dopant concentration than the semiconductor substrate
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Sigma-delta-based analog-to-digital converter

An analog to digital converting device is proposed for generating a digital output signal of an RF analog input signal. The device comprises a first analog to digital converter stage, a mixer, a second analog to digital converter stage and a digital filter. The first analog to digital converter stage generates a first and a second output signal. The first output signal is inputted in the filtering means. The second output signal is being down-converted to a signal with an intermediate frequency
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Stretchable Electronic Device

A stretchable electronic device comprising a stretchable interconnection electrically connecting two electronic components, the stretchable interconnection comprising an electrically conductive channel having a predetermined first geometry by which said channel is stretchable up to a given elastic limit and a first flexible supporting layer provided for supporting the electrically conductive channel and having a predetermined second geometry by which said first supporting layer is stretchable. T
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Stretchable Electronic Device

A stretchable electronic device comprising a stretchable interconnection electrically connecting two electronic components, the stretchable interconnection comprising an electrically conductive channel having a predetermined first geometry by which said channel is stretchable up to a given elastic limit and a first flexible supporting layer provided for supporting the electrically conductive channel and having a predetermined second geometry by which said first supporting layer is stretchable. T
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Photon Induced Removal of Copper

Preferred embodiments provide a method for removing at least part of a copper comprising layer from a substrate, the substrate comprising at least a copper comprising surface layer. The method comprises in a first reaction chamber converting at least part of the copper comprising surface layer into a copper halide surface layer and in a second reaction chamber removing at least part of the copper halide surface layer by exposing it to a photon comprising ambient, thereby initiating formation of
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Method and Apparatus for Determining the Junction Depth of a Semiconductor Region

A method of determining a value of a depth of a semiconductor junction of a substrate using a photomodulated optical reflectance measurement technique is disclosed. In one aspect, the method includes obtaining a substrate which has at least a first region including the semiconductor junction. The method further includes obtaining a reference region. the method further includes performing at least one sequence of: a) selecting a set of measurement parameters for the photomodulated optical reflect
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Solution Processing Method for Forming Electrical Contacts of Organic Devices

The present invention relates to a method for forming, on an organic semiconductor layer, an electrical contact layer comprising a metal, the method comprising the steps of: (a) providing a charge collecting barrier layer on the organic semiconductor layer; (b) providing a liquid composition comprising a precursor for the metal on the charge collecting barrier layer; and (c) performing a sintering step; wherein the charge collecting barrier layer is substantially impermeable to the components of
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Method for Performing Parallel Stochastic Assembly

A method of positioning at least 2 chips simultaneously on a substrate by parallel stochastic assembly in a first liquid, wherein the chips are directed to target sites on the substrate within the first liquid, the target sites being covered with a second liquid, the second liquid and the first liquid being immiscible, wherein the chips are attracting the first liquid, and on each chip a predetermined surface is chosen or treated such that it is selectively attracted by the second liquid and att
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Method for determining the doping profile of a partially activated doped semiconductor region

A method is disclosed for determining the inactive doping concentration of a semiconductor region using a PMOR method, the method comprising: providing a set of at least two semiconductor regions having substantially the same known as-implanted concentration but known varying junction depth, determining on at least of these semiconductor regions the as-implanted concentration, partially activate at least two semiconductor regions from the semiconductor set, measure by PMOR on the partially activ
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Scalable Quantum Well Device and Method for Manufacturing the Same

A quantum well device and a method for manufacturing the same are disclosed. In one aspect, the device includes a quantum well region overlying a substrate, a gate region overlying a portion of the quantum well region, a source and drain region adjacent to the gate region. The quantum well region includes a buffer structure overlying the substrate and including semiconductor material having a first band gap, a channel structure overlying the buffer structure including a semiconductor material ha
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Method for fabricating a dual workfunction semiconductor device and the device made thereof

A method for manufacturing a dual work function semiconductor device and the dual work function semiconductor device made thereof is described. The method comprises providing a semiconductor substrate; providing a gate dielectric layer (104) on and in contact with the semiconductor substrate; forming a metal layer (105) on and in contact with the gate dielectric layer; forming a layer of gate filling material (106) on and in contact with the metal layer; patterning the gate dielectric layer, the
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Organic Non-volatile Memory Device

The invention relates to an organic memory element comprising an organic semiconductor material, a gate dielectric stack comprising a first dielectric layer acting as a barrier layer and a second dielectric layer of an organic material, and a gate electrode. The gate electrode is separated from the second dielectric layer through the barrier layer. For programming charge carriers are injected into the second dielectric layer by application of a programming pulse of a first voltage to the gate el
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Determining Active Doping Profiles in Semiconductor Structures

An optical measurement method and system is disclosed to determine an active doping profile of a semiconductor substrate, the method comprising directing at least one pump laser pulse of a pump laser beam on the semiconductor substrate, with at least one pump laser pulse having a pump laser pulse power generating an amount of excess carrier concentration in the semiconductor substrate which is at least comparable to the peak concentration of the active doping profile; directing a probe laser bea
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Method for Forming Mems Variable Capacitors

A method for fabricating an out-of-plane variable overlap MEMS capacitor comprises: providing a substrate (40) comprising a first layer (41), a second layer (42), and a third layer (43) stacked on top of one another; and etching a plurality of first trenches (70) through the third layer (43), through the second layer (42), and into the first layer (41) using a single etching mask. Etching the plurality of first trenches (70) defines a plurality of first fingers (51) in the third layer (43) and a
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Semiconductor Package

A semiconductor package which comprises a base frame and a wiring substrate mounted on the base frame. The base frame comprises two pieces made of a material with respectively a first and a second coefficient of thermal expansion and connected to each other via resilient connecting structures. The wiring substrate comprises electric wiring tracks providing the electric connection between the first and second bond pads, provided for being electrically connected to bond pads on respectively a die
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Method for Insertion Bonding and Device Thus Obtained

A method for insertion bonding and a device thus obtained are disclosed. In one aspect, the device includes a first substrate having a front main surface and at least one protrusion at the front main surface. The device includes a second substrate having a front main surface and at least one hole extending from the front main surface into the second substrate. The protrusion of the first substrate is inserted into the hole of the second substrate. The hole is formed in a shape wherein the width
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Method for Encapsulating a Device in a Microcavity

Manufacturing a semiconductor device involves forming (200) a sacrificial layer where a micro cavity is to be located, forming (210) a metal layer of thickness greater than 1 micron over the sacrificial layer, forming (220) a porous layer from the metal layer, the porous layer having pores of length greater than ten times their breadth, and having a breadth in the range 10 nm-500 nanometers. The pores can be created by anodising, electrodeposition or dealloying. Then the sacrificial layer can be
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Method of Forming Mono-Crystalline Germanium or Silicon Germanium

A method is presented for forming mono-crystalline germanium or silicon germanium in a trench. In an embodiment, the method comprises providing a substrate comprising at least one active region that is adjacent to two insulating regions, forming in the active region a trench having a width of less than 100 nm, and forming in the trench a fill layer at a temperature of less than 450 DEG C. that comprises germanium or silicon germanium and substantially fills the trench. The method further compris
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Large Time Constant Steering Circuit and Instrumentation Amplifier Implementing Same

The present invention relates to a large time constant steering circuit for slowly changing a voltage on a node between at least two discrete voltage levels. The present invention further relates to a slow steering current DAC comprising said large time constant steering circuit. The present invention further relates to an instrumentation amplifier device comprising a current balancing instrumentation amplifier for amplifying an input signal to an amplified output signal and a DC servo-loop for
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Method of manufacturing a semiconductor device and semiconductor devices resulting therefrom

A method is disclosed for manufacturing a semiconductor device, the method comprising - providing a substrate comprising a main surface with a non flat topography, the surface comprising substantial topography variations; - forming a first capping layer over the main surface; wherein, during formation of the first capping layer, local defects in the first capping layer are introduced, the local defects being positioned at locations corresponding to the substantial topography variations and the l
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Memory Circuit with Multi-sized Sense Amplifier Redundancy

A memory circuit with multi-sized sense amplifier redundancy is disclosed. In one aspect, the circuit includes sense amplifiers connected to differential bit-lines and configured to amplify a voltage difference sensed on the differential bit-lines. The sense amplifiers include a first set of smaller sense amplifiers and a second set of larger sense amplifiers redundantly arranged to the first set to form redundant groups which each contain one smaller sense amplifiers and one larger sense amplif
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Dipyrannylidene Derivatives As an Anode Interfacial Layer in Electronic Devices

The present invention relates to substrates coated with films including compounds having the following generic formula (I): formula (I) as well as the manufacturing method thereof and the use of same as an anode interfacial layer in electronic devices. The present invention also relates to organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs), polymer light-emitting diodes (PLEDs), organic field-effect transistors (OFETs) and organic solar cells (OSCs) including a substrate according to the invention, specific
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Tunnel Nanowire Transistor

The invention provides a new type of transistor comprising a nanowire structure adapted to provide a tunnel barrier such that an applied gate voltage causes a current to oscillate, as the gate voltage is increased, to provide a region of negative transconductance. The device presents oscillations of current as the gate voltage is increased, typically when the cross section of the wire is smaller than I0nm. The sub-threshold slope of the current is larger than 60 mV/decade but can locally reach v
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Junctionless Metal-oxide-semiconductor Transistor

A junctionless metal-oxide-semiconductor transistor is described. In one aspect, a transistor device comprises a semiconductor material. The semiconductor material comprises first, second, and third portions. The second portion is located between the first and third portions. The first, second, and third portions are doped with dopants of the same polarity and the same concentration. The transistor device further comprises an electrode connected to the second portion. A current flows between the
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A semiconductor optical amplifier with a reduced noise figure

A semiconductor optical amplifier 100 comprises an input for receiving the optical signal 102 and an output for outputting an amplified version of the optical signal. A semiconductor active medium 107 defines an amplification path between the input and the output for amplifying the optical signal as it propagates along the amplification path. A control means co-operable with the active medium selectively controls the amplified spontaneous emission (ASE) of the semiconductor optical amplifier by
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Electronic Cleansing of Digital Data Sets

A method of processing a 3-dimensional Computed Tomography Colonography data set to remove tagged material is disclosed. The method involves the preliminary processing step of classifying voxels in the data set as corresponding to air, tagged material or colon tissue. Methods of overcoming erroneous classification of Partial Volume air/tagged material boundary voxels are disclosed. Specific tagged material voxels at the colon tissue/tagged material interface are isolated. The output of an edge r
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A New Type of Gapless Semiconductor Material

The present disclosure provides a new type of gapless semiconductor material having electronic properties that can be characterized by an electronic band structure which comprises valence and conduction band portions VB1 and CB1, respectively, for a first electron spin polarisation, and valence and conducting band portions VB2 and CB2, respectively, for a second electron spin polarisation. The valence band portion VB1 has a first energy level and one of CB1 and CB2 have a second energy level tha
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Spectrum Sliced Photonic Signal Processor

A photonic signal processor providing finite impulse response filtering of an external input signal, the processor including: a photonic signal input having a predetermined wavelength range, a Bragg grating structure interconnected to the photonic signal input and having a series of localised modifications to the periodicity of the grating structure so as to provide a predetermined transmission output window within the stopband of the Bragg grating structure and predetermined wavelength range; a
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Semiconductor Device Including Nanocrystals and Methods of Manufacturing the Same

The present invention relates generally to methods of manufacturing semiconductor devices with p-n junctions including nanocrystals, for instance, quantum-dot light emitting devices ('QD-LEDs'). The present invention also provides semiconductor devices such as, for instance, QD-LEDs which have been manufactured in an economic fashion in respect of time, cost and processing complexity while affording to the device high efficiency.
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Diffusely Radiating Led Light System

A lighting device (7) for illuminating objects, the lighting device comprising: a plurality of light emitting diodes (1) wherein at least one of the plurality of light emitting diodes is adapted to generate light having a spectrum different from a spectrum of light generated by another light emitting diode of said plurality of light emitting diodes; and a chamber (8) comprising a first reflective surface (3a) and an opening (5) for allowing light to exit said chamber, said opening having a perip
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High efficiency power converter, and modulator and transmitter using it

The invention refers to a Digital to Analog converter able to manage a flow of forward and reverse energy, from source and load, through the control of two PWM (Pulse Width Modulator). This technique allows obtaining high efficiency as well as the fast dynamic of signals (about 30 kHz) up to zero voltage. The bidirectional flow of energy is controlled with an innovative algorithm that can be implemented with a dedicated HW logic. Technology benefits: • Energy recovery from the output throug
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System for Diagnosis and Treatment of Photovoltaic and Other Semiconductor Devices

A diagnostic and self-healing treatment system for a semiconductor device, the system provides: i) a shunt busting/blocking treatment, ii) self-healing treatment, and iii) an in-situ non-contact diagnostic determination.
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Wireless apparatus with proximity sensor switches allowing a disabled person to control an electronic device.

Disclosed is a proximity sensor switch operated control unit for electronic devices to be used by disabled persons with limited motor skills. The control unit consists of switches that sends signals to electronic units which process the signals and send secondary signals wirelessly to a computing device eg a home computer, a mobile phone or a PDA. The computing device is coupled to a visual display which displays text, icons and other visual cues to show the user the current function setting of
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A Receiver of Multiplexed Binary Offset Carrier (MBOC) Modulated Signals

A receiver for receiving a navigation signal comprising a carrier modulated by a code modulation function of a given code rate and further modulated by a composite sub-carrier modulation function having first and second components with two different rates both of which are different to the code rate, the receiver comprising processing means arranged to: generate a first estimate of delay based on the code modulation only; generate a second estimate of delay based on the first component of the su
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Frame Timing and Carrier Frequency Recovery for Frequency Selective Signals

A method and apparatus is provided for rapid frame/symbol timing and carrier frequency synchronization of a digital receiver to an orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) signal and other transmissions (either continuous or burst) over a frequency-selective (wideband) channel. The method makes use of the autocorrelation and cross- correlation properties of one training symbol, having two or more identical parts. Its timing estimation performance approaches the ideal with a very low mea
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Doped Dielectric Layers and Method for Formation Thereof

A doped dielectric layer and a method for forming the doped dielectric layer are provided. The doped dielectric layer comprises (a) a silicon dioxide or silicon oxynitride layer (b) doped with from about 0.01 to about 20 atomic percent of one or more rare-earth elements, the one or more rare-earth element being distributed throughout the dielectric layer. Semiconductor structures comprising the above dielectric layer are also provided.
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Light Emitting Semiconductor Device

A light emitting semiconductor device (401) has an active region (405) formed of Bismuth (Bi) and one or more othergroup V elements. In a particular embodiment the III-V material comprises Gallium Arsenide (GaAs) in addition to Bismuth. The inclusion of Bismuth in the III-V material raises the spin-orbit splitting energy of the material while reducing the band gap. When the spin-orbit splitting energy exceeds the band gap, Auger recombination processes are inhibited, reducing the sensitivity of
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Mounting Method

A mounting method is provided for mounting electric components on both faces of a substrate. Because the electric components 32, 33 on a front face and a rear face of the substrate 31 are simultaneously pressed with first and second pressing rubbers 15, 25, the electric components 32, 33 can be connected to the front face and the rear face of the substrate 31 at a time. Because the peripheries of the first and second pressing rubbers 15, 25 are surrounded by a dam member 16 when the first and se
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Light emitting diode and method for manufacturing the same

Provided are a light emitting diode (LED) and a method for manufacturing the same. The LED includes an n-type semiconductor layer, an active layer, and a p-type semiconductor layer. The active layer includes a well layer and a barrier layer that are alternately laminated at least twice. The barrier layer has a thickness at least twice larger than a thickness of the well layer.
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Light emitting diode with improved structure

Disclosed is a light emitting diode (LED) with an improved structure. The LED comprises an N-type semiconductor layer, a P-type semiconductor layer and an active layer interposed between the N-type and P-type semiconductor layers. The P-type compound semiconductor layer has a laminated structure comprising a P-type clad layer positioned on the active layer, a hole injection layer positioned on the P-type clad layer, and a P-type contact layer positioned on the hole injection layer. Accordingly,
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AC light emitting diode

Disclosed is a light emitting diode (LED) operated by being directly connected to an AC power source. An AC LED according to the present invention comprises a plurality of light emitting cells two-dimensionally arranged on a single substrate; and wires electrically connecting the light emitting cells; wherein the light emitting cells are connected in series by the wires to form a serial array, the single substrate is a non-polar substrate, and the light emitting cells have non-polar GaN-based se
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Laser diode having nano patterns and method of fabricating the same

Disclosed is a laser diode having nano patterns. The laser diode has a substrate (21). A first conductive-type clad layer (35) is disposed over the substrate (21), and a second conductive-type clad layer (41) is disposed over the first conductive-type clad layer (35). An active layer (37) is interposed between the first and second conductive-type clad layers (35,41). Column-shaped nano patterns (42) are periodically arranged at a surface of the second conductive-type clad layer (41). Accordingly
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Resin Composition and Display Apparatus

A thin display unit that incorporates a high-luminance, high-contrast display part that is free of image defects caused by the deformation of the display part is provided. The display unit of the present invention includes an image display part 2 and a light-transmitting protective part 3 arranged on the image display part 2. A cured resin layer 5 is arranged between the display part 2 and the protective part 3. The cured resin layer 5 has a transmittance of 90% or higher in the visible range an
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Wiring Board Receiving Plate, and Device and Method for Connection of Wiring Board Using Same

It is an object to realize ACF connection with a high connecting reliability that achieves uniform thermal compression bonding for a wiring board with electronic components mounted on the back surface. A thermal compression bonding head (12) presses flexible printed circuit boards (4, 5) against a mother board substrate (1) on which electronic components are mounted and heats an anisotropic conductive adhesive film to carry out AFC connection between the mother board substrate (1) and connecting
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Video Encoding Decoding Method and Device and Video Codec

A video encoding decoding method and device and a video codec are provided. The video encoding method includes: the first view picture is basic layer encoded as a reference view picture, the predication information is extracted in combination with the second view picture and the second view picture is re-created; the residual value is calculated based on the re-created view picture and original second view picture; when the residual value is larger than a threshold, both residual value and predi
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Video Camera Calibration Method and Device Thereof

Disclosed is a video camera calibration method. Intrinsic and extrinsic parameters of the video camera are acquired according to a reference template, and data of a reference object in a shooting scene is recorded. When it is necessary to calibrate the video camera, images of the reference object are obtained at at least two angles, the intrinsic and extrinsic parameters of the video camera are acquired using the recorded data of the reference object. Also a video camera calibration device is di
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Light Emitting Device for AC Operation

An AC light emitting device is disclosed. The AC light emitting device includes at least four substrates. Serial arrays each of which has a plurality of light emitting cells connected in series are positioned on the substrates, respectively. Meanwhile, first connector means electrically connect the serial arrays formed on respective different substrates. At least two array groups each of which has at least two of the serial arrays connected in series by the first connector means are formed. The
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Method, System, and Apparauts for Realizing Program Hidding

A method and system, apparatus thereof for realizing hidden program is disclosed. By way of obtaining a sub electronic program guide (EPG) identification, this method involves receiving total EPG sent by a total head-end, where the total EPG includes the sub EPG identification (ID) and the sub EPG which corresponds to the said ID; a sub EPG which corresponding to the said sub EPG ID is searched from the received total EPG. A technology plan of hiding the program is executed according to the sear
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Dynamic Electronic Synapse Device

An electronic synapse device comprising a substrate formed from semiconductor material and a plurality of inputs including a first input for receiving a weighting signal and a second input for receiving a signal from a pre-synaptic neuron device. An insulating layer is provided between the inputs and the semiconductor material. The device has an output, the second input being located between the first input and the output. An electrical charge storage region is provided in the substrate substant
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Method, System and Device for Remote Control Terminal

A method for remote control terminal is disclosed in embodiments of the present invention, which used for device management (DM) system comprises the following steps: receiving a remote control command provided by a DM server, and the remote control command comprising access time (AT) command information; acquiring AT command via the AT command information; performing the AT command. Via the embodiments of the present invention, the DM server transmits the remote control command comprising the A
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Light Emitting Diode Having Light Emitting Cell with Different Size and Light Emitting Device Thereof

There is provided a light emitting diode operating under AC power comprising a substrate; a buffer layer formed on the substrate; and a plurality of light emitting cells formed on the buffer layer to have different sizes and to be electrically isolated from one another, the plurality of light emitting cells being connected in series through metal wires. According to the present invention, light emitting cells formed in an LED have different sizes, and thus have different turn-on voltages when li
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Alternating current motor drive circuit and electric vehicle drive circuit

To eliminate a need for a large volumetric reactor in a direct current chopper, achieving a downsizing of the circuit. A current source rectifier is provided at an output of an alternating current generator, an alternating current motor is connected to an output of the rectifier via a voltage source inverter, furthermore, two arms having switching elements connected in inverse parallel to diodes are connected to the output of the rectifier t, and one terminal of a direct current power source cap
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Configurable Electronic Device and Method

A configurable transistor device comprising a primary transistor and at least one secondary transistors, said primary transistor and said secondary transistors having their drain electrodes connected to a common drain electrode and their source electrodes connected to a common source electrode, said primary transistor having its gate electrode connected to a common gate electrode and each of said secondary transistors having their gate electrodes switchably connected to said common gate electrod
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Processing of Object Detection Signals

A method of processing return remote sensing pulses comprising using Bayes Linear statistics to modify a return remote sensing pulse in light of at least one of data relating to at least one previously processed return remote sensing pulse and data governing the return remote sensing pulse shape/parameters.
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Semiconductor Optoelectronic Devices and Methods for Making Semiconductor Optoelectronic Devices

A semiconductor-based optoelectronic device such as a solar cell has an n-type layer and a p-type layer, together forming a p-n junction. Contact regions are formed on the device, with light-receiving regions between contact regions. A window layer is formed over the n-type layer or the p-type layer at the light-receiving region, the window layer promoting reduced carrier recombination at the surface of the n-type or p-type layer, and/or reflection of minority carriers in the n-type or p-type la
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Frequency Reference Devices and Methods of Providing Frequency References

A frequency reference device has a population of atoms or ions held in a vapour cell providing a first frequency reference signal by virtue of at least one electronic transition. A driving means provides a driving signal to the population of atoms or ions to promote the electronic transition. A detector detects a characteristic of the first frequency reference signal. The driving means includes a laser diode and a negative differential resistance oscillator. The detected characteristic of the fi
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Wire Bond Free Connection of High Frequency Piezoelectric Ultrasound Transducer Arrays

A piezoelectric ultrasound transducer array connected to a planar electronic component, the planar electronic component having one or more through hole adapted to receive a conducting element to provide an electrical connection which extends through the planar electronic component.
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Video Camera Calibration Method and Device Thereof

A method for calibrating the video camera includes: obtaining the internal and external parameters of the video camera according to a reference template; recording data of a reference object in the scene; obtaining images of the reference object from at least two perspectives; and obtaining the internal and external parameters of the video camera according to the recorded data of the reference object. An apparatus for calibrating the video camera includes: a preliminary calibration unit, adapted
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Magnetic Sheet

The present invention is aimed to provide a magnetic sheet, which is capable of suppressing undesirable electromagnetic waves emitted from an electronic equipment, inhibiting electromagnetic disorders caused by an interference of unnecessary electromagnetic waves within an electronic equipment, has a less environmental load, and satisfies both high fire retardance and magnetic permeability, and prevents the magnetic powder contained therein from falling off from the magnetic sheet. The magnetic
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A Video Encoding/decoding Method and a Video Encoder/decoder

A video coding method, a video decoding method, a video coder, and a video decoder are disclosed herein. A video coding method includes: performing base-layer coding for the first view, and extracting prediction information of at least one layer by combining a locally decoded first view and a second view; performing enhancement-layer coding for prediction information of at least one layer respectively; and multiplexing the enhancement-layer codes and the base-layer codes of the first view to obt
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Video Encoding Decoding Method and Device and Video Codec

A video encoding decoding method and device and a video codec are provided. The video encoding method includes the following steps. A first view picture is basic-layer encoded as a reference view picture, prediction information is extracted in combination with a second view picture, and the second view picture is re-created. A residual value is calculated according to a re-created second view picture and the original second view picture. When the residual value is greater than a threshold, both
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Patterning

The present invention provides a method of patterning an electronic or photonic material on a substrate comprising: forming a film of said electronic or photonic material on said substrate; and using a fluoropolymer to protect regions of said electronic or photonic material during a patterning process.
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Optoelectronic Devices

An optoelectronic device comprises electon donor D and acceptor A semiconducting species and an intervening co-oligomeric or copolymeric species provided to alter the energy transfer characteristics of excitons to or from the interface between the said electron acceptor and donor species. The intervening species may be of the form Am-Xn-Do, where m, n and o are each 0 or a positive integer and at least two of A, X and D are present.
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Linear Mode-locked DFB-fiber Laser with Repetition Rate Control

An embodiment of the invention relates to a multi-segment all-fiber laser device (10). The device includes a first active fiber laser segment (20), a first grating (25), a second grating (35), and a gain-phase coupling fiber segment (40) arranged between the first and second gratings, said gain-phase coupling segment providing coupling of gain and phase between said first and second gratings. The second grating may be provided in a second active fiber laser segment (30) and the phase may be adju
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Printed Electronic Device

This invention generally relates to a patterned substrate for an electronic device and to electronic devices, device arrays, field effect transistors and transistor arrays comprising the patterned substrate. The invention also relates to a logic circuit, display, memory or sensor device comprising the patterned substrate. Further the invention relates to a method of patterning a substrate for an electronic device. In an embodiment, a patterned substrate for an electronic device comprises: a firs
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Microfluidic devices

A layer-by-layer deposition method for forming multiple layers of material onto the walls of a channel of a microfluidic device is disclosed. The method comprises: loading a tube with a series of segments of solution, a segment of solution bearing a material to be deposited; coupling the tube to the microfluidic device channel; and injecting the segments of solution into the microfluidic device using a syringe such that the segments of solution pass, in turn, through the channel depositing succe
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